Determiner spreading in Cappadocian Greek

Karatsareas, P. and Lekakou, M. 2014. Determiner spreading in Cappadocian Greek. 6th International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistics Theory. University of Patras, Greece Sep 2014

TitleDeterminer spreading in Cappadocian Greek
AuthorsKaratsareas, P. and Lekakou, M.
TypeConference poster
Abstract

In this paper, we take a micro-comparative approach to determiner spreading (DS) in Cappadocian Greek (CG). DS involves the multiple morphosyntactic realization of the definite article in a construction that is semantically monodefinite. In Standard Modern Greek (SMG), DS is optional and has special syntactic and semantic properties vis-à-vis monadic definites (see Androutsopoulou 1995; Alexiadou & Wilder 1998; Kolliakou 2004; Campos & Savrou 2004; Lekakou & Szendrői 2012, 2013; Alexiadou 2014, among others). DS licenses word order freedom unavailable to monadic definites, as shown in (1) and (2). Moreover, DS imposes a restrictive interpretation on the adjective; hence, in (3) from Kolliakou (2004), DS is infelicitous, in virtue of all cobras being poisonous.

(1)
a. to prasino to kuti
the green the box

b. to kuti to prasino
the box the green
‘the green box’

(2)
a. to prasino kuti
the green box

b. *to kuti prasino
the box green
‘the green box’

(3) Idhame tis dhilitiriodhis (#tis) kobres.
saw.1PL the poisonous the cobras
‘We saw the poisonous cobras.’

In CG, DS is obligatory: adjectival modification in general triggers an additional determiner as (4) shows. The only case of apparent non-doubling involves the null definite determiner, which Karatsareas (2013) argues surfaces in specific morphological contexts, namely with historically masculine and feminine nouns, which employ a phonologically null definite article as in (5):

(4)
a. du omurfu du kuritʃ
the beautiful the girl

b. *du omurfu kuritʃ
the beautiful girl

c. *omurfu du kuritʃ
beautiful the girl
‘the beautiful girl’

(5)
a. ando irte Ø aðelfos tun
when came.3SG the brother their
‘when their brother came’

b. to meɣa Ø aðelfos ipen
the old the brother said.3SG
‘the older brother said’

Contrary to SMG, the word order in CG is rigidly DADN:

(6)
a. du omurfu du kuritʃ
the beautiful the girl

b. du kuritʃ du omurfu
the girl the beautiful
‘the beautiful girl’

Finally, in virtue of being obligatory, DS does not impose semantic restrictions on the adjective. As (7) shows, non-restrictive interpretations are readily available.

(7) Rantsam ula spitçu da domata scepasin=da d’ aspru du çon.
saw.1PL all house.GEN the.PL roof.PL covered=them the white the snow
‘We saw tha the white snow had covered all the house roofs.’

Following Lekakou & Szendrői (2012), DS in SMG is an instance of close apposition involving noun ellipsis. By contrast, DS in CG is an instance of definiteness agreement as in Scandinavian and the Semitic languages, where doubling is the only option (hence its obligatory status) and yields no ordering freedom. In particular, like Hebrew DS (but unlike Scandinavian DS), DS in CG yields multiple determiners in the presence of multiple adjectives, on a par with SMG, in fact:

(8) Aniksi du tʃenurʝu du prasinu du xuti tʃ’ epar ’na lokum
open.IMPV the new the green the box and take.IMPV a Turkish_delight
‘Open the new green box and take a piece of Turkish delight.’

The locus of microvariation resides in D: the SMG determiner is uniformly expletive (Lekakou & Szendrői 2012, 2013), which enables DPs in SMG to combine semantically as predicates in an appositive relation. By contrast, in CG, the nominal determiner is semantically contentful and the adjectival one(s) are exponents of an agreement relation, in the spirit of Sichel’s (2002) proposal for Hebrew. This difference is finally argued to be due to a truly language-internal innovation of the dialect that, unlike many other CG developments, evolved independently of contact with Turkish.

References
Alexiadou, A. 2014. Multiple Determiners and the Structure of DPs. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Alexiadou, A. & C. Wilder. 1998. Adjectival modification and multiple deteminers. In A. Alexi-adou & C. Wilder (Eds.), Possessors, Predicates and Movement in the DP. Amster-dam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 303–332.

Androutsopoulou, A. 1995. The licencing of adjectival modification. Proceedings of WCCFL 14, 17–31. Campos, H. & M. Stavrou. 2004. Polydefinites in Greek and Aromanian. In O. Tomić (Ed.), Balkan Syntax and Semantics. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 137–173.

Karatsareas, P. 2013. Understanding diachronic change in Cappadocian Greek: the dialectological perspective. Journal of Historical Linguistics 3, 192–229.

Kolliakou, D. 2004. Monadic definites and polydefinites: their form, meaning and use. Journal of Linguistics 40, 263–333.

Lekakou, M. & K. Szendrői. 2012. Polydefinites in Greek: ellipsis, close apposition and expletive determiners. Journal of Linguistics 48, 107–149.

Lekakou, M. & K. Szendrői. 2013. When determiners abound: implications for the encoding of definiteness. In P. Cabredo-Hofherr & A. Zribi-Hertz (Eds.), Cross-linguistic studies in noun phrase structure and reference. Leiden: Brill, 212–238.

Sichel, I. 2002. Phrasal movement in Hebrew adjectives and possessives. In A. Alexiadou, E. Anagnostopoulou & S. Barbiers (Eds.), Dimensions of Movement: From Features to Remnants. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 297–339.

Year2014
Conference6th International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistics Theory
Accepted author manuscriptKaratsareas&Lekakou_MGDLT6_poster.pdf

Related outputs

The fragile future of the Cypriot Greek language in the UK
Karatsareas, P. 2018. The fragile future of the Cypriot Greek language in the UK. British Academy Review. 33, pp. 42-44.

Attitudes towards Cypriot Greek and Standard Modern Greek in London's Greek Cypriot community
Karatsareas, P. 2018. Attitudes towards Cypriot Greek and Standard Modern Greek in London's Greek Cypriot community. International Journal of Bilingualism. 22 (4), pp. 412-428. doi:10.1177/1367006918762158

The development, preservation and loss of differential case marking in inner Asia Minor Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2018. The development, preservation and loss of differential case marking in inner Asia Minor Greek. Journal of Language Contact.

The morphology of Silliot Greek: paradigmatic defectiveness, paradigmatic levelling, and affix pleonasm
Karatsareas, P. The morphology of Silliot Greek: paradigmatic defectiveness, paradigmatic levelling, and affix pleonasm. in: Ralli, A. (ed.) The Morphology of Asia Minor Dialects: selected topics Leiden Brill.

A diachronic take on the Source–Goal asymmetry: evidence from inner Asia Minor Greek
Georgakopoulos, T. and Karatsareas, P. 2017. A diachronic take on the Source–Goal asymmetry: evidence from inner Asia Minor Greek. in: Luraghi, S., Nikitina, T. and Zanchi, C. (ed.) Space in Diachrony Amsterdam/Philadelphia John Benjamins. pp. 179–206

The role of women in the advancement of Modern Greek dialectology: the case of Melpo Merlier
Karatsareas, P. 2016. The role of women in the advancement of Modern Greek dialectology: the case of Melpo Merlier. Distant and Neglected Voices: Women in the History of Linguistics. The Royal Society, London 28 - 29 Jun 2016

Transplanting diglossia: attitudes towards Standard and Cypriot Greek among London’s Greek Cypriot community
Karatsareas, P. 2016. Transplanting diglossia: attitudes towards Standard and Cypriot Greek among London’s Greek Cypriot community. Sociolinguistics Symposium 21. Murcia, Spain 15 - 18 Jun 2016

Marking definiteness multiply: evidence from two varieties of Greek
Lekakou, M. and Karatsareas, P. 2016. Marking definiteness multiply: evidence from two varieties of Greek. Studies in Greek Linguistics. 36, pp. 189-204.

From syntagmatic to paradigmatic spatial zeroes: the loss of the preposition se in inner Asia Minor Greek
Karatsareas, P. and Georgakopoulos, T. 2016. From syntagmatic to paradigmatic spatial zeroes: the loss of the preposition se in inner Asia Minor Greek. STUF – Language Typology and Universals. 69 (2), p. 309–340. doi:10.1515/stuf-2016-0014

The Asia Minor Greek adpositional cycle: a tale of multiple causation
Karatsareas, P. 2016. The Asia Minor Greek adpositional cycle: a tale of multiple causation. Journal of Greek Linguistics. 16 (1), p. 47–86.

Convergence in word structure: revisiting agglutinative noun inflection in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2016. Convergence in word structure: revisiting agglutinative noun inflection in Cappadocian Greek. Diachronica. 33 (1), pp. 31-66. doi:10.1075/dia.33.1.02kar

The two faces of Modern Greek determiner spreading
Lekakou, M. and Karatsareas, P. 2015. The two faces of Modern Greek determiner spreading. 12th International Conference on Greek Linguistics. Freie Universität Berlin, Germany Sep 2015

Syntactic Structures of the World’s Languages – Greek (Cappadocian)
Karatsareas, P. 2015. Syntactic Structures of the World’s Languages – Greek (Cappadocian). Linguistic Explorer.

(In)vulnerable morphosyntactic features in heritage languages: evidence from British Cypriot Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2015. (In)vulnerable morphosyntactic features in heritage languages: evidence from British Cypriot Greek. Morphological Variation and Contact Conference. University of Patras, Greece Jun 2015

«Το Σάββατον εννα χαρτώσουμεν το κίτσ̑ ιν»: British Cypriot Greek as a heritage language
Karatsareas, P. 2015. «Το Σάββατον εννα χαρτώσουμεν το κίτσ̑ ιν»: British Cypriot Greek as a heritage language. 12th International Conference on Greek Linguistics. Freie Universität Berlin, Germany Sep 2015

Overt and zero marking of spatial relations in Cappadocian Greek: synchrony, diachrony, typology
Georgakopoulos, T. and Karatsareas, P. 2015. Overt and zero marking of spatial relations in Cappadocian Greek: synchrony, diachrony, typology. 11th Conference of the Association for Linguistic Typology. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, United States of America Aug 2015

Source–Goal asymmetry in diachrony: evidence from Asia Minor Greek
Georgakopoulos, T. and Karatsareas, P. 2015. Source–Goal asymmetry in diachrony: evidence from Asia Minor Greek. 22nd International Conference on Historical Linguistics. University of Naples, Italy Jul 2015

From overt to zero marking of spatial relations: the loss of EIS in Asia Minor Greek as an informational load relief strategy
Karatsareas, P. and Georgakopoulos, T. 2015. From overt to zero marking of spatial relations: the loss of EIS in Asia Minor Greek as an informational load relief strategy . 36th Annual Meeting of the Department of Linguistics of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece Apr 2015

The short-lived trajectory of diferential object marking in Cappadocian Greek: Language contact, typological anomaly and morphological change
Karatsareas, P. 2014. The short-lived trajectory of diferential object marking in Cappadocian Greek: Language contact, typological anomaly and morphological change. Differential Object Marking and Language Contact. Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales (INaLCO), Paris, France Dec 2014

Cappadocia: where Greek prepositions come to die
Karatsareas, P. and Georgakopoulos, T. 2014. Cappadocia: where Greek prepositions come to die. 6th International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistics Theory. University of Patras, Greece Sep 2014

A caveat for contact linguistics: lessons from Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2014. A caveat for contact linguistics: lessons from Cappadocian Greek. 36th Annual Conference of the German Linguistic Society. University of Marburg, Germany Mar 2014

On the diachrony of gender in Asia Minor Greek: the development of semantic agreement in Pontic
Karatsareas, P. 2014. On the diachrony of gender in Asia Minor Greek: the development of semantic agreement in Pontic. Language Sciences. 43, pp. 77-101. doi:10.1016/j.langsci.2013.10.005

On the morphosyntax of quantifcational adjectives in Modern Greek
Karatsareas, P. and Giannaris, T. 2013. On the morphosyntax of quantifcational adjectives in Modern Greek. On the morphosyntax of quantifcational adjectives in Modern Greek. University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece Sep 2013

Adpositional systems in contact: the case of Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2013. Adpositional systems in contact: the case of Cappadocian Greek. 11th International Conference on Greek Linguistics. University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece Sep 2013

Adpositional systems in contact: the case of Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2013. Adpositional systems in contact: the case of Cappadocian Greek. 46th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea. Split University, Croatia Sep 2013

Understanding diachronic change in Cappadocian Greek: the dialectological perspective
Karatsareas, P. 2013. Understanding diachronic change in Cappadocian Greek: the dialectological perspective. Journal of Historical Linguistics. 3 (2), pp. 192-229. doi:10.1075/jhl.3.2.02kar

The synchrony and diachrony of gender agreement in the Pontic branch of Asia Minor Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2012. The synchrony and diachrony of gender agreement in the Pontic branch of Asia Minor Greek. Workshop on Romeyka of Pontus. Queens’ College, Cambridge Mar 2012

Pontic Greek as a conservative innovator in the development of gender agreement in Asia Minor Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2012. Pontic Greek as a conservative innovator in the development of gender agreement in Asia Minor Greek. 5th International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistic Theory. University of Ghent, Belgium Sep 2012

On the historical value of synchronic dialectal variation: lessons from the development of null defnite articles in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2012. On the historical value of synchronic dialectal variation: lessons from the development of null defnite articles in Cappadocian Greek. Synchrony and Diachrony: Variation and Change in Language History. Symposium of the Philological Society. Worcester College, Oxford Mar 2012

On the synchrony and diachrony of gender agreement in Pontic Greek: syntactic versus semantic
Karatsareas, P. 2012. On the synchrony and diachrony of gender agreement in Pontic Greek: syntactic versus semantic. 15th International Morphology Meeting. WU - Vienna University of Economics and Business Feb 2012

A study of Cappadocian Greek nominal morphology from a diachronic and dialectological perspective
Karatsareas, P. 2011. A study of Cappadocian Greek nominal morphology from a diachronic and dialectological perspective. PhD thesis University of Cambridge Department of Linguistics

Neuter heteroclisis in Asia Minor Greek: origin and development
Karatsareas, P. 2011. Neuter heteroclisis in Asia Minor Greek: origin and development. Neoelliniki Dialektologia [Modern Greek Dialectology]. 6, pp. 111-135.

‘Neutering’ nominal infection in Pontic Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2010. ‘Neutering’ nominal infection in Pontic Greek. Workshop on Romeyka of Pontus. Queens’ College, Cambridge Mar 2010

Revisiting ‘agglutinative’ infection in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2010. Revisiting ‘agglutinative’ infection in Cappadocian Greek. 10th International Conference on Greek Linguistics. Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece Sep 2011

Towards the reconstruction of an Asia Minor Greek Koiné during Medieval times
Karatsareas, P. 2010. Towards the reconstruction of an Asia Minor Greek Koiné during Medieval times. Language, Text and History: Linguistics and Philology in the 21st Century. Symposium of the Philological Society. Murray Edwards College, Cambridge Mar 2010

The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2009. The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek. XIXth International Conference on Historical Linguistics. Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands Aug 2009

On the diachronic evolution of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2009. On the diachronic evolution of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek. 4th International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistic Theory. Chios, Greece Jun 2009

The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek
Karatsareas, P. 2009. The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek. Transactions of the Philological Society. 107 (2), pp. 196-230. doi:10.1111/j.1467-968X.2009.01217.x

Cappadocian Greek nominal infection: the interplay of structural and psycholinguistic factors in contact-induced language change
Karatsareas, P. 2008. Cappadocian Greek nominal infection: the interplay of structural and psycholinguistic factors in contact-induced language change. Linguistics Association of Great Britain Annual Meeting. University of Essex Sep 2008

Cappadocian Greek nominal infection: the interplay of structural and psycholinguistic factors in contact-induced language change
Karatsareas, P. 2008. Cappadocian Greek nominal infection: the interplay of structural and psycholinguistic factors in contact-induced language change. Methods in Dialectology XIII. University of Leeds, UK Aug 2008

Cappadocian Greek ‘agglutinative’ morphology revisited
Karatsareas, P. 2008. Cappadocian Greek ‘agglutinative’ morphology revisited. Continuity and Change in Grammar. University of Cambridge Mar 2008

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/999xx/determiner-spreading-in-cappadocian-greek


Share this
Tweet
Email