Distortion, illusion and transformation: the evolution of Dazzle Painting, a camouflage system to protect Allied shipping from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, 1917–1918 War

Wilkinson, C. 2019. Distortion, illusion and transformation: the evolution of Dazzle Painting, a camouflage system to protect Allied shipping from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, 1917–1918 War. Journal of the Faculty of Art, Pedagogical University of Krakow. (14).

TitleDistortion, illusion and transformation: the evolution of Dazzle Painting, a camouflage system to protect Allied shipping from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, 1917–1918 War
TypeJournal article
AuthorsWilkinson, C.
Abstract

In October 1917 the War Cabinet was notified in Admiralty Memorandum 2256 ‘Dazzle Scheme of painting ships’1 that artist Norman Wilkinson’s camouflage proposal to paint the entire external surfaces of vessels in highly contrasting asymmetric patterns would be applied to merchant and some naval vessels with the aim of disrupting the crippling effects on British commerce from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare waged by Germany in January of that year.

Close reading of the surviving archives of design material and documentation concerning the 14-18 War Dazzle camouflage scheme provides a means to re-interpret the visual language of the designs that have been read (or misread) and popularized through contextualization in art history and association with notions of avant-garde spatial practice since 1919. Testing and representing this argument has been achieved through drawing research methodologies as well as textual and archival research.

KeywordsDazzle Camouflage
Dazzle Painting
14-18 War Merchant Ship camouflage
Vorticism
Naval Camouflage
Deceptive camouflage
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Art, Pedagogical University of Krakow
Journal citation(14)
Year2019
PublisherPedagogical University of Krakow
Web address (URL)http://vimeo.com/287048415

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Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space (The Dazzle Camouflage Concept) animation clip HENI film Dazzled! How a British Artist Tranformed the Seas of WW1
Wilkinson, C. 2018. Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space (The Dazzle Camouflage Concept) animation clip HENI film Dazzled! How a British Artist Tranformed the Seas of WW1. V&A Museum

Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space (The Dazzle Camouflage Concept) animation
Wilkinson, C. 2018. Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space (The Dazzle Camouflage Concept) animation. St Barbe Museum and Art Gallery

Dazzle Camouflage: Origin and Development of Visual Distortion and Devices
Wilkinson, C. 2018. Dazzle Camouflage: Origin and Development of Visual Distortion and Devices. DAZZLE – Disguise and Disruption in War and Art study day, 2018. University of Southampton 30 Jun 2018

Distortion, illusion and transformation: the evolution of Dazzle Painting, a camouflage system to protect Allied shipping from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, 1917–1918
Wilkinson, C. 2018. Distortion, illusion and transformation: the evolution of Dazzle Painting, a camouflage system to protect Allied shipping from Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, 1917–1918. Make no Mistake! Error in Art – 2nd edition. FUGA Budapest Centre of Architecture, Budapest 24 Nov - 09 Dec 2018

Dazzle Painting: War and Space The Dazzle Painting Concept
Wilkinson, C. 2017. Dazzle Painting: War and Space The Dazzle Painting Concept.

Dazzle Camouflage, War and Space
Wilkinson, C. 2017. Dazzle Camouflage, War and Space. Architecture Research Forum. University of Westminster 17 Mar 2017

Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space
Wilkinson, C. 2017. Dazzle Camouflage: War and Space. 14-18 NOW Dazzle Doughboys and Daring. Royal Society Nov 2017

Interview: Wilkinson, Camilla interview by Kew, David, Dazzle Ship London
Wilkinson, C. 2015. Interview: Wilkinson, Camilla interview by Kew, David, Dazzle Ship London.

Television Interview: Wilkinson, Camilla interview by Morris, Jonnie Deception by Design, ABC Australia
Wilkinson, C. 2015. Television Interview: Wilkinson, Camilla interview by Morris, Jonnie Deception by Design, ABC Australia.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/qv327/distortion-illusion-and-transformation-the-evolution-of-dazzle-painting-a-camouflage-system-to-protect-allied-shipping-from-unrestricted-submarine-warfare-1917-1918-war


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