|Title||Spatial development of hydrogen economy in a low-carbon UK energy system|
|Authors||Balta-Ozkan, N. and Baldwin, E.|
Hydrogen technologies and infrastructures might play a significant role in meeting ambitious climate and energy policy goals of the UK Government. Nonetheless, studies on hydrogen are either limited in scope in that they do not take into account the relationships with the wider energy system drivers and constraints or do not consider how a hydrogen network might develop geographically. This paper presents a framework where a spatially explicit hydrogen module is embedded in the UK MARKAL Energy System model to explore energy system trade-offs for the production, delivery and use of hydrogen at the sub-national level. A set of illustrative scenarios highlight the competitiveness of hydrogen related infrastructures and technologies as well as imported liquid hydrogen against a stringent emissions reduction target; the effect of emissions reduction trajectory on the development of hydrogen network; the intense resource competition between low carbon hydrogen production and electricity generation, and the importance of economies of scale in hydrogen supply and distribution.
|Journal||International Journal of Hydrogen Energy|
|Journal citation||38 (3), pp. 1209-1224|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.049|