|Title||Basic illocutions of the MG subjunctive|
In this paper we discuss the basic illocutions associated with the Modern Greek Subjunctive mood which form part of the grammar system. The term grammatical mood is used in this work as the category which includes ‘all grammatical elements operating on a situation/proposition, that are not directly concerned with situating an event in the actual world, as conceived by the speaker’ (Hengeveld 2004). The analysis undertaken follows the framework provided by Hengeveld et al. (2007) of a systematic hierarchical classification of propositional and behavioural basic illocutions. The interface between Morphosyntax, Phonology and Pragmatics is of particular interest to this work: each basic illocution is described in terms of the prosodic contour it is expressed with (with relevant Praat illustrations); the optional or necessary presence of the associated negation μη(ν); the use of segmental markers, which provide cues on how a certain utterance is to be interpreted; grammatical tense restrictions, where appropriate, including number and person restrictions; aspectual restrictions, where appropriate; the potential answer provided by an addressee to a question, or a question-like utterance. We describe prosodic contours in 5 defined intonation patterns which, as we demonstrate, apply to Subjunctive’s uses with distinct encoding. We show that Subjunctive propositional uses include wishes, which might fulfillable or unfullfilable, optionally introduced by the segmental marker μακάρι ; curses, marked by a distinct intonation pattern; wondering uses, optionally introduced by the segmental marker άραγε; mirative uses (of disapproval) , marked by intonation; and expressions of uncertainty introduced by the segmental marker ίσως. Subjunctive behavioural uses include mitigated directives, marked by intonation and use of the 2nd person; mitigated prohibitions, where the presence of negation μη(ν) is obligatory; mitigated directives-encouragement, marked by intonation, with the expectation of a consent response; and supplicative uses (requests for permission), expressed in the 1st person singular or plural, marked by intonation.
|Conference||20th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics|