Crime and disorder

Darke, S. 2007. Crime and disorder. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Law

TitleCrime and disorder
TypePhD thesis
AuthorsDarke, S.
Abstract

This thesis investigates growing use of civil and public law orders as tools of crime control by crime prevention partnerships. This development has been little explored in criminology. The proliferation of crime prevention partnerships is viewed by many criminologists as forming part of a bifurcation in criminal policy between serious crime and anti-social behaviour, in which the 'enforcement approach' of the criminal justice system is being focused upon the former and a non-legal 'partnership

approach' advanced for the control of the latter. It is argued that the 'partnership approach' runs a risk of becoming an extension of and not an alternative to the

'enforcement approach' of the criminal justice system. In investigating this risk, it is intended that this thesis should contribute to criminology in two ways. The first contribution is an investigation of the theoretical potential for the local to become a site of authoritarian crime control. The second is an investigation of the extent this potential is being realised in England and Wales.

Empirical research centred on the development of crime prevention strategies in

implementing the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. Fieldwork focused on the

development of metropolitan borough s trategies in twenty-one London boroughs, and a police sector and two social housing estate strategies in the borough of Westminster. Resort to civil and publicilaw orders was found to be significant to the approach taken by the majority of London boroughs studied, including Westminster. One of the estate strategies at Westminster was found to be as authoritarian as the borough strategy, but the other estate strategy and the police sector strategy were not. Punitive views were not encountered among local practitioners on any of the three sites. Punitive views were encountered among local residents on the police sector, but not on either of the estates. Once the peculiarities of the institutions and areas studied were taken into account, it was concluded that there is a significant risk that crime prevention partnerships will take an authoritarian approach to crime control unless they are located in areas where there is a strong sense of geographical community, and their policies are shaped by local practitioners and local residents.

Year2007
FileDarke.pdf
Publication dates
Completed2007

Related outputs

Interpreting the development and growth of Convict Criminology in Latin America
Ross, J.I. and Darke, S. 2018. Interpreting the development and growth of Convict Criminology in Latin America. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons.

Inside perspectives in research activism
Aresti, A. and Darke, S. 2018. Inside perspectives in research activism. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons.

Editors: Special edition of Journal of Prisoners on Prisons: Twenty years of Convict Criminology
Aresti, A. and Darke, S. 2018. Editors: Special edition of Journal of Prisoners on Prisons: Twenty years of Convict Criminology. Journal of Prisoners on Prisons.

Treaty carcerality and its discontents: Latin American ethnography comes of age
Garces, C. and Darke, S. 2018. Treaty carcerality and its discontents: Latin American ethnography comes of age. in: Garces, C., Darke, S., Duno-Gottberg, L. and Antillano, A. (ed.) Carceral Communities: Troubling Prison Worlds in 21st Century Latin America Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania Press.

Conviviality and Survival: Co-Producing Brazilian Prison Order
Darke, S. 2018. Conviviality and Survival: Co-Producing Brazilian Prison Order. Palgrave Macmillan.

Book review: Voices from American Prisons: Faith, Education and Healing by Stern, K.
Darke, S. 2017. Book review: Voices from American Prisons: Faith, Education and Healing by Stern, K. Prison Service Journal. 233, pp. 46-47.

Who is really in control of Brazil's Prisons?
Darke, S. 2017. Who is really in control of Brazil's Prisons? The Conversation.

What's Causing Brazil's Prison Massacres?
Darke, S. and Garces, C. 2017. What's Causing Brazil's Prison Massacres? Centre for Crime and Justice Studies.

Surviving in the new mass carceral zone
Darke, S. and Garces, C. 2017. Surviving in the new mass carceral zone. Prison Service Journal. 229, pp. 2-9.

Book review: Punishment in Europe: A Critical Anatomy of Penal Systems by Ruggiero, V. & Ryan, M. (eds.)
Darke, S. 2016. Book review: Punishment in Europe: A Critical Anatomy of Penal Systems by Ruggiero, V. & Ryan, M. (eds.). Prison Service Journal. 227, pp. 46-48.

Connecting prisons and universities through higher education
Darke, S. and Aresti, A. 2016. Connecting prisons and universities through higher education. Prison Service Journal. (225), pp. 26-32.

Practicing convict criminology: lessons learned from British academic activism
Aresti, A. and Darke, S. 2016. Practicing convict criminology: lessons learned from British academic activism. Critical Criminology: an International Journal. 24 (4), pp. 533-547.

Book review: Carceral geography: spaces and practices of incarceration (by Dominique Moran)
Darke, S. 2016. Book review: Carceral geography: spaces and practices of incarceration (by Dominique Moran). Prison Service Journal. 225, pp. 58-59.

From dispersed to monopolized violence: expansion and consolidation of the Primeiro Comando da Capital's hegemony in São Paulo's prisons
Dias Camila and Darke, S. 2016. From dispersed to monopolized violence: expansion and consolidation of the Primeiro Comando da Capital's hegemony in São Paulo's prisons. Crime, Law and Social Change. 65 (3), pp. 213-225.

Bridging the gap: giving public voice to prisoners and former prisoners through research activism
Aresti, A., Darke, S. and Manlow, D. 2016. Bridging the gap: giving public voice to prisoners and former prisoners through research activism. Prison Service Journal. 224, pp. 3-13.

Latin American prisons
Darke, S. and Karam, M.L. 2016. Latin American prisons. in: Jewkes, Y., Bennett, J. and Crewe, B. (ed.) Handbook on prisons. 2nd edition Abington Routledge.

Book Review: The globalization of supermax prisons by Ross, J.I. (ed.)
Darke, S. 2015. Book Review: The globalization of supermax prisons by Ross, J.I. (ed.). International Criminal Justice Review. 25 (2), pp. 215-216.

Open prisons: An ex-prisoner perspective
Aresti, A. and Darke, S. 2015. Open prisons: An ex-prisoner perspective. Prison Service Journal. 217, pp. 14-16.

Book Review: The globalization of supermax prisons
Darke, S. 2015. Book Review: The globalization of supermax prisons. International Criminal Justice Review. 25 (2), pp. 215-216.

Recoverers helping recoverers: discipline and peer-facilitated reform in Brazilian faith-based prisons
Darke, S. 2015. Recoverers helping recoverers: discipline and peer-facilitated reform in Brazilian faith-based prisons. in: Miller, V. and Campbell, J. (ed.) Transnational penal cultures: new perspectives on discipline, punishment and desistance London Routledge. pp. 217-229

Prison Life, Sociology of: Recent Perspectives from the United Kingdom
Drake, D., Darke, S. and Earle, R. 2015. Prison Life, Sociology of: Recent Perspectives from the United Kingdom. in: Wright, J. (ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2nd edition Oxford Elsevier.

Developing convict criminology beyond North America
Ross, J.I., Darke, S., Aresti, A., Newbold, G. and Earle, R. 2014. Developing convict criminology beyond North America. International Criminal Justice Review. 24 (2), pp. 121-133.

Managing without guards in a Brazilian police lockup
Darke, S. 2014. Managing without guards in a Brazilian police lockup. Focaal. 68, pp. 55-67.

Closing and opening prisons: interview with Jeremy Wright, minister for prisons and probation
Darke, S. 2014. Closing and opening prisons: interview with Jeremy Wright, minister for prisons and probation. Prison Service Journal. 215, pp. 28-33.

Comunidades Prisionais Autoadministradas: o Fenômeno APAC [Self-governing prison communities: the APAC phenomenon]
Darke, S. 2014. Comunidades Prisionais Autoadministradas: o Fenômeno APAC [Self-governing prison communities: the APAC phenomenon]. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Criminais. 107, pp. 257-276.

Inmate governance in Brazilian prisons
Darke, S. 2013. Inmate governance in Brazilian prisons. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 52 (3), pp. 272-284.

Entangled staff-inmate relations
Darke, S. 2013. Entangled staff-inmate relations. Prison Service Journal. 207, pp. 16-22.

Informal prison dynamics in Africa and Latin America
Garces, C., Martin, T. and Darke, S. 2013. Informal prison dynamics in Africa and Latin America. Criminal Justice Matters. 91 (1), pp. 26-27.

British convict criminology: developing critical insider perspectives on prison
Aresti, A., Darke, S. and Earle, R. 2012. British convict criminology: developing critical insider perspectives on prison. Inside Time. August 2012.

British convict criminology: developing critical insider perspectives on prison
Aresti, A., Darke, S. and Earle, R. 2012. British convict criminology: developing critical insider perspectives on prison. Inside Time.

On the inside: Insider perspectives on prison reform
Darke, S. 2012. On the inside: Insider perspectives on prison reform. Reclaim Justice Network.

Administrando o cotidiano da prisao no Brasil (Managing everyday prison life in Brazil)
Darke, S. and Karam, M.L. 2012. Administrando o cotidiano da prisao no Brasil (Managing everyday prison life in Brazil). in: Discursos Sediciosos N.19/20: crime, direito e sociedade Brazil Editora Revan.

Estacao Carandiru
Darke, S. 2012. Estacao Carandiru. Prison Service Journal. 199, pp. 26-28.

The enforcement approach to crime prevention
Darke, S. 2011. The enforcement approach to crime prevention. Critical Social Policy. 31 (3), pp. 410-430.

A prevenção da criminalidade na Inglaterra e no País de Gales (Crime prevention in England and Wales)
Darke, S. 2009. A prevenção da criminalidade na Inglaterra e no País de Gales (Crime prevention in England and Wales). Ultima Ratio. 3, pp. 199-240.

Book review: Zero Tolerance or Community Tolerance? Managing Crime in High Crime Areas by Walklate, S. & Evans, K.
Darke, S. 2001. Book review: Zero Tolerance or Community Tolerance? Managing Crime in High Crime Areas by Walklate, S. & Evans, K. Theoretical Criminology. 5 (2), pp. 265-267.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/91x70/crime-and-disorder


Share this
Tweet
Email