Retrieval-induced forgetting is inversely related to everyday cognitive failures

Groome, D.H. and Grant, N. 2005. Retrieval-induced forgetting is inversely related to everyday cognitive failures. British Journal of Psychology. 96 (3), pp. 313-319.

TitleRetrieval-induced forgetting is inversely related to everyday cognitive failures
AuthorsGroome, D.H. and Grant, N.
Abstract

It has recently been suggested (Anderson, 2003) that forgetting is an adaptive process arising from successful inhibition of unwanted items, rather than arising from a failure of the memory system. This inhibition process is thought to make use of retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). In the present study, individual susceptibility to RIF was measured in a group of 40 normal participants, whose RIF scores were then compared with their scores on the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ). A significant inverse correlation was found between RIF and CFQ scores, indicating that individuals who show a strong RIF effect tend to suffer a lower rate of cognitive failures and forgetfulness in everyday life. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that RIF might play a role in facilitating memory function by assisting selective retrieval.

JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
Journal citation96 (3), pp. 313-319
ISSN0007-1269
Year2005
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1348/000712605X49006
Web address (URL)http:dx.doi.org/10.1348/000712605X49006
Publication dates
Published2005

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