|Zwischen politikberatung und offentlichkeitdiskurs: erfahrungen mit burgerkonferenzen in Europa
|Schicktanz, S. and Naumann, J.
Chapter 1 of this volume discusses the mainly European methodological adaptation and practical use, in the 1990s and early
2000s, of various models of citizen participation as forms of institutional technology assessment (TA). The types of participatory
TA comparatively discussed here include citizens' juries, consensus conferences, scenario workshops, voting conferences and
future workshops. The focus is mainly on the European, including especially the British, Danish, Dutch, German and Swiss,
experience. The article analyses the relationship between different institutional anchoring and related policy functions (set within
parliamentary TA offices, academies of sciences and national museums), on the one hand, and the procedural and substantive
role played by these various citizens' assessment tools, on the other.
The article argues that contrary to assertions made by the propagators of these participatory TA procedures it is
conceptually and analytically too simplistic to ascribe significant substantive outcomes to them in terms of their specific and measurable impacts on decision-making processes and outcomes, given the policy and political complexity within which they operate. Instead, their more substantive contribution may be seen in terms of signalling more generally an institutional departure from 'technocratic' decision-making to a more publicly accountable and 'reflexive' style of policy deliberation and
decision-making on science and technology. In turn, this is intended to increase the (input and output) legitimacy of
contemporary policy-making against the background of more critical public perceptions of science and technology (policy). What remains to be seen in the long term is whether these participatory TA procedures can achieve this by gaining a firm place in policy deliberation and decision-making, or whether they will ultimately suffer institutional marginalisation.
|Burgerkonferenz: Streitfall Gendiagnostik: ein Modellprojekt der Burgerbeteiligung am bioethischen Diskurs
|Leske & Budrich
|Place of publication