|Title||Transport, the environment and social exclusion|
|Authors||Lucas, K., Grosvenor, T. and Simpson, R.|
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Transport, the environment and social exclusion
Karen Lucas, Tim Grosvenor and Roona Simpson
In the last 20 years there has been a dramatic growth in both vehicle numbers and the distances driven in all industrialised societies, and car-ownership is now the norm for most households. Ever-rising car-ownership has led to concern about the harmful effects of transport on the natural environment and quality of life. Nevertheless, this study suggests that policies which aim to mitigate the environmental impacts of traffic may sometimes come into conflict with the social inclusion of low-income and other disadvantaged groups and communities.
This study analyses current evidence on the opinions and perspectives, behaviour and expenditure patterns of low-income and other disadvantaged groups on transport and travel. In addition, it reports on qualitative case study research in five different locations in the UK. It explores to what extent the availability and affordability of local services influences people’s decisions about travel, the distances people are prepared to travel to reach services, and the impact of reliability and availability of current transport provision. The particular transport needs of some low-income groups (for example women shift-workers) and some areas (rural or isolated homes) are also explored.
The researchers conclude that discouraging car use will not be effective unless adequate public transport measures are put into place first.
|Publisher||Joseph Rowntree Foundation|
|Place of publication||York, UK|
|Series||Reconciling Environmental and Social Concerns|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/details.asp?pubID=376|