|Title||The importance of positive and negative well-being in older people; associations with psychosocial factors, cortisol and cognitive performance|
During the past decades, studies have attempted to define predictive factors that are associated with successful ageing. The extent to which positive and negative well-being, as two independent dimensions (Huppert and Whittington, 2003), are related to ageing is examined in this research. The first aim was to confirm the independence of positive and negative well-being, secondly, to establish if demographic and psychosocial factors, a biomarker of health (cortisol) and cognitive functioning are associated with positive and negative well-being and thirdly, to determine if associations found would remain stable or change over a three-year period.
Fifty older adults (aged 59-91, mean=74, SD±7, 34 females) participated at Time 1 and 75% of the participants (n=37, aged 63-87, mean=74, SD±6, 25 females) participated at Time 2. Demographical and psychosocial data were collected at an initial home visit, followed by two diurnal cycles of cortisol collections (8 samples per day) and cognitive assessment at a second visit.
Four well-being quadrants (LowPos/LowNeg, LowPos/HighNeg,HighPos/LowNeg and HighPos/HighNeg) were found, supporting the theory that positive and negative well-being are two relatively independent domains. There
This work has replicated and extended previous findings on positive and negative well-being, as measured by the GHQ-30, and developed our understanding of how and to what extent positive and negative well-being can be said to function as two relatively independent domains. This thesis has further demonstrated the utility of including a variety of factors, such as psychosocial, cortisol and cognitive performance in order to measure determinants of successful ageing.
|Publisher||University of Westminster|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.34737/9961x|