The Causal Links between FDI and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Republic of Rwanda

Opio, S. 2016. The Causal Links between FDI and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Republic of Rwanda. 34th International Business Research Conference. Imperial College, London, UK 04 - 05 Apr 2016 World Business Institute, Australia.

TitleThe Causal Links between FDI and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of the Republic of Rwanda
AuthorsOpio, S.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

The study examines the short-run and long-run causality running from real economic growth to real foreign direct investment inflows (RFDI). Other variables such as education (involving combination of primary, secondary and tertiary enrolment as a proxy to education), real development finance, unskilled labour, to real RFDI inflows are included in the study. The time series data covering the period of 1983 -2013 are examined. First, I applied Augmented Dicky-Fuller (ADF) technique to test for unit root in variables. Findings shows all variables integrated of order one [I(1)]. Thereafter, Johansen Co-integration Test (JCT) was conducted to establish the relationship among variables. Both trace and maximum Eigen value at 5% level of significance indicate 3 co-integrated equations. Vector error correction method (VECM) was applied to capture short and long-run causality running from education, economic growth, real development finance, and unskilled labour to real foreign direct investment inflows in the Republic of Rwanda. Findings shows no short-run causality running from education, real development finance, real GDP and unskilled labour to real FDI inflows, however there were existence of long-run causality. This can be interpreted that, in the short-run; education, development finance, finance and economic growth does not influence inflows of foreign direct investment in Rwanda; but it does in long-run. From the policy perspective, the Republic of Rwanda should focus more on long term goal of investing in education to improve human capital, undertake policy reforms that promotes economic growth, in addition to promoting good governance to attract development finance – especially from Nordics countries (particularly Norway and Denmark).

KeywordsReal Economic Growth (RGDP), Real Foreign Direct Investment Inflow (RFDI), Time series data, Johansen Co-integration Test, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM)
Year2016
Conference34th International Business Research Conference
PublisherWorld Business Institute, Australia
Accepted author manuscript
Book titleProceedings of 34th International Business Research Conference
ISBN9781925488029
Web address (URL) of conference proceedingshttp://www.wbiworldconpro.com/pages/previous_confo/london-conference-2016

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