Abstract: China’s most recent urban administrative restructuring has been used as an effort to enhance urban-rural integration aiming to facilitate effective county territory development and reconfigure central city and county territory relationship in a metropolitan region. During the process, political and socioeconomic conditions are usually rescaled as a response to this new urbanization strategy. This paper applies an institutional model of the development process to the Chinese urban administrative restructuring experience with special reference to a case study in Bengbu, a medium-sized inner land city in Anhui Province. In March 2014, China released National New Urbanization Plan (2014-2020). The evidence from this study suggests that the reflection of ‘new’ lies in a new perspective in tackling the issues such as urban-rural integration raised in the urbanization process in the sense that it shifts focus to a comprehensive development from a mainly economic concern. Realizing the goals in the new plan including urban-rural integration, hukou reform, a sustainable regional development and effective environmental management will be in front of considerable challenges from many aspects such as financial input, institutional rearrangement and a balance between market power and state control. To cope with these challenges, urban administrative restructuring process, as a powerful top-down implementation, can be utilized to examine if the expected outcomes are realized in the urbanization process in the future.