Musicians and non-musicians are equally adept at perceiving masked speech

Boebinger, D., Evans, S., Rosen, S., Lima, C.F., Manly, T. and Scott, S.K. 2015. Musicians and non-musicians are equally adept at perceiving masked speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 137 (1), pp. 378-387. doi:10.1121/1.4904537

TitleMusicians and non-musicians are equally adept at perceiving masked speech
AuthorsBoebinger, D., Evans, S., Rosen, S., Lima, C.F., Manly, T. and Scott, S.K.
Abstract

There is much interest in the idea that musicians perform better than non-musicians in understanding speech in background noise. Research in this area has often used energetic maskers, which have their effects primarily at the auditory periphery. However, masking interference can also occur at more central auditory levels, known as informational masking. This experiment extends existing research by using multiple maskers that vary in their informational content and similarity to speech, in order to examine differences in perception of masked speech between trained musicians (n = 25) and non-musicians (n = 25). Although musicians outperformed non-musicians on a measure of frequency discrimination, they showed no advantage in perceiving masked speech. Further analysis revealed that non-verbal IQ, rather than musicianship, significantly predicted speech reception thresholds in noise. The results strongly suggest that the contribution of general cognitive abilities needs to be taken into account in any investigations of individual variability for perceiving speech in noise.

Article number378
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Journal citation137 (1), pp. 378-387
ISSN0001-4966
Year2015
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1121/1.4904537
Publication dates
PublishedJan 2015

Related outputs

Language experience impacts brain activation for spoken and signed language in infancy: Insights from unimodal and bimodal bilinguals
Mercure, E., Evans, S., Pirazzoli, L., Goldberg, L., Bowden-Howl, H., Coulson-Thaker, K., Beedie, I., Lloyd-Fox, S., Johnson, M.H. and MacSweeney, M. 2020. Language experience impacts brain activation for spoken and signed language in infancy: Insights from unimodal and bimodal bilinguals. Neurobiology of Language.

Sign and speech share partially overlapping conceptual representations
Evans, S., Price, C.J., Diedrichsen, J., Gutierrez-Sigut, E. and MacSweeney, M. Sign and speech share partially overlapping conceptual representations. Current Biology.

Beatboxers and guitarists engage sensorimotor regions selectively when listening to the instruments they can play
Krishnan, S., Lima, C., Evans, S., Chen, S., Guldner, S., Yeff, H., Manly, T. and Scott, S. 2018. Beatboxers and guitarists engage sensorimotor regions selectively when listening to the instruments they can play. Cerebral Cortex. 28 (11), pp. 4063-4079. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhy208

How auditory experience differentially influences the function of left and right superior temporal cortices
Twomey, T., Waters, D., Price, C.J., Evans, S. and MacSweeney, M. 2017. How auditory experience differentially influences the function of left and right superior temporal cortices. Journal of Neuroscience. 37 (9), pp. 9564-9573. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0846-17.2017

Distinct Processing of Ambiguous Speech in People with Non-Clinical Auditory Verbal Hallucinations
Alderson-Day, B., Lima, C., Evans, S., Krishnan, S., Shanmugalingam, P., Fernyhough, C. and Scott, S.K. 2017. Distinct Processing of Ambiguous Speech in People with Non-Clinical Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Brain. 140 (9), pp. 2475-2489. doi:10.1093/brain/awx206

Comprehending auditory speech: previous and potential contributions of functional MRI
Evans, S. and McGettigan, C. 2017. Comprehending auditory speech: previous and potential contributions of functional MRI. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 32 (7), pp. 829-846. doi:10.1080/23273798.2016.1272703

What has replication ever done for us? Insights from neuroimaging of speech perception
Evans, S. 2017. What has replication ever done for us? Insights from neuroimaging of speech perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 11 (41), pp. 1-5. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00041

Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception
Evans, S., McGettigan, C., Agnew, Z.K., Rosen, S. and Scott, S.K. 2016. Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 28 (3), pp. 483-500. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00913

Visual Speech Perception in Children With Language Learning Impairments
Knowland, V.C.P., Evans, S., Snell, C. and Rosen, S. 2016. Visual Speech Perception in Children With Language Learning Impairments. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 59, pp. 1-14. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-S-14-0269

Distinct neural systems recruited when speech production is modulated by different masking sounds
Meekings, S., Evans, S., Lavan, N., Boebinger, D., Krieger-Redwood, K., Cooke, M. and Scott, S.K. 2016. Distinct neural systems recruited when speech production is modulated by different masking sounds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 140 (1), pp. 8-19. doi:10.1121/1.4948587

Do We Know What We’re Saying? The Roles of Attention and Sensory Information During Speech Production
Meekings, S., Boebinger, D., Evans, S., Lima, C.F., Chen, S., Ostarek, M. and Scott, S.K. 2015. Do We Know What We’re Saying? The Roles of Attention and Sensory Information During Speech Production . Psychological Science. 26 (12), pp. 1975-1977. doi:10.1177/0956797614563766

Feel the noise: Relating individual differences in auditory imagery to the structure and function of sensorimotor systems
Lima, C.F., Lavan, N., Evans, S., Agnew, Z., Halper, A.R., Shanmugalingam, P., Meekings, S., Boebinger, D., Ostarek, M., McGettigan, C., Warren, J.E. and Scott, S.K. 2015. Feel the noise: Relating individual differences in auditory imagery to the structure and function of sensorimotor systems. Cerebral Cortex. 25 (11), pp. 4638-4650. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv134

Hierarchical organization of auditory and motor representations in speech perception: Evidence from searchlight similarity analysis
Evans, S. and Davis, M.H. 2015. Hierarchical organization of auditory and motor representations in speech perception: Evidence from searchlight similarity analysis. Cerebral Cortex. 25 (12), pp. 4772-4788. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv136

Changes of right-hemispheric activation after constraint-induced, intensive language action therapy in chronic aphasia: fMRI evidence from auditory semantic processing
Mohr, B., Difrancesco, S., Harrington, K., Evans, S. and Pulvermüller, F. 2014. Changes of right-hemispheric activation after constraint-induced, intensive language action therapy in chronic aphasia: fMRI evidence from auditory semantic processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8, p. Article 919. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00919

Does musical enrichment enhance the neural coding of syllables? Neuroscientific interventions and the importance of behavioral data
Evans, S., Meekings, S., Nuttall, H.E., Jasmin, K.M., Boebinger, D., Adank, P. and Scott, S.K. 2014. Does musical enrichment enhance the neural coding of syllables? Neuroscientific interventions and the importance of behavioral data. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8, p. Article 964. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00964

The Pathways for Intelligible Speech: Multivariate and Univariate Perspectives
Evans, S., Kyong, J.S., Rosen, S., Golestani, N., Warren, J.E., McGettigan, C., Mourão-Miranda, J., Wise, R.J.S. and Scott, S.K. 2014. The Pathways for Intelligible Speech: Multivariate and Univariate Perspectives . Cereb Cortex. 24 (9). doi:10.1093/cercor/bht083

An application of univariate and multivariate approaches in FMRI to quantifying the hemispheric lateralization of acoustic and linguistic processes
McGettigan, C., Evans, S., Rosen, S., Agnew, Z.K., Shah, P. and Scott, S.K. 2012. An application of univariate and multivariate approaches in FMRI to quantifying the hemispheric lateralization of acoustic and linguistic processes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 24 (3), pp. 636-652. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00161

Categorizing Speech
Scott, S.K. and Evans, S. 2010. Categorizing Speech. Nature Neuroscience. 13 (11), pp. 1304-1306. doi:10.1038/nn1110-1304

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q0576/musicians-and-non-musicians-are-equally-adept-at-perceiving-masked-speech


Share this
Tweet
Email