|Title||'God, patria and home': ‘reproductive politics’ and nationalist (re)definitions of women in East/Central Europe|
I argue that through complex processes of social construction of gender, women in East/Central European societies are seen primarily as reproducers of the nation. One effect of such definitions is the enforcement of reproductive policies which amount to the nationalization of female bodies.
After a brief assessment of reproductive policies during the state‐socialist period, an overview of the contemporary debate within the post‐communist universe of discourse, and of the policies enacted by the new East/Central European regimes, I argue that within the framework of the emerging masculinist cultures in East/Central Europe, masculinity becomes increasingly identified with the public domain; in contrast, women are progressively confined within the ‘private’ sphere, identified with holding the primary responsibility for the family. Definitions of femininity along these lines have been influenced by the emergence of a particular form of ‘reproductive politics’ supported by post‐state‐socialist movements stressing the right of the nation to mobilize all of its resources, and thus, to subjugate women for the ‘national good’.
|Keywords||Gender, Nationalism, Identity, East/Central Europe|
|Journal||Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture|
|Journal citation||1 (2), pp. 283-295|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1080/13504630.1995.9959437|
|Published online||23 Apr 2010|