|Chapter title||Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia|
|Editors||Cummings, S.N. and Hinnebusch, R.|
Twenty years after becoming independent states, all five Central Asian republics can be broadly characterized as either rentier or semi/quasirentier states. The ‘classic’ rentier states — Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — rely on rent (wealth) derived directly from the sale of oil and gas. Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan rely on rent from a combination of indirect taxation on labour remittances from Kazakhstan and Russia, international aid, the leasing of access to their territory and the drug trade. Uzbekistan, relying heavily on the sale of cotton, gold and gas on the international market, along with labour remittances and to a lesser degree leasing access to territory, falls somewhere in between. This chapter examines dependency and rentierism in Central Asia and how rent has a far-reaching impact on these countries' foreign policy, their relationship with Russia and state sovereignty.
|Book title||Sovereignty After Empire: Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia|
|Publisher||Edinburgh University Press|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643042.003.0013|