Prison Architecture in Chile: A Critical Realist Analysis of Prison Architectural Outputs Through the Lens of Organised Hypocrisy Theory

Urrutia-Moldes, A. and Stevenson, F. 2022. Prison Architecture in Chile: A Critical Realist Analysis of Prison Architectural Outputs Through the Lens of Organised Hypocrisy Theory. in: Moran, D., Jewkes, Y., Blount-Hill, K.L. and John, V.S (ed.) Switzerland Springer. pp. 191-226

Chapter titlePrison Architecture in Chile: A Critical Realist Analysis of Prison Architectural Outputs Through the Lens of Organised Hypocrisy Theory
AuthorsUrrutia-Moldes, A. and Stevenson, F.
EditorsMoran, D., Jewkes, Y., Blount-Hill, K.L. and John, V.S
Abstract

Although architectural interventions have the potential to help improve outcomes in prison rehabilitation, they cannot be analysed in isolation. Prison design is a social phenomenon, and as such, its actualisation is the result of the interaction of competing interests of different entities. The planners’ success in achieving the expected results of prison modernization programmes seems to be sensitive to the organisational purposes, missions, and structures of the prison services, making it harder to identify which phenomenon (or phenomena) is influencing the results. The same architectural characteristics of prisons, therefore, can have different outcomes depending on the geo-historical context of the prison system in different countries. Using a case study approach and critical realism this chapter investigates how and why the results of Chile's largest and most costly prison reform programme did not meet stakeholders’ expectations. After reviewing the theoretical approach, the Chapter will explore the architectonical and historical features of the Chilean case, showing the priorities and concerns of both designers and prison authorities. Additionally, by drawing on Critical Realism and Organised Hypocrisy Theory, it will offer a plausible explanation of the causal mechanisms behind organisational patterns, how they work, and what can be done to unlock evolution

KeywordsPrison Design
Prison Architecture
Critical Realism
Organised Hypocrisy
Page range191-226
Year2022
PublisherSpringer
Publication dates
Published04 Dec 2022
Place of publicationSwitzerland
SeriesPalgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology
ISBN9783031119712
9783031119743
9783031119729
ISSN2753-0604
2753-0612
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-11972-9
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-031-11972-9

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