Dr Louise Thomas

Senior Lecturer

DepartmentLife Sciences

Research outputs

Genome-wide and abdominal MRI-imaging data provides evidence that a genetically determined favourable adiposity phenotype is characterized by lower ectopic liver fat and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and hypertension.
Ji, Y., Yiorkas, A.M., Frau, F., Mook-Kanamori, D., Staiger, H., Thomas, E.L., Atabaki-Pasdar, N., Campbell, A., Tyrrell, J., Jones, S.E., Beaumont, R.N., Wood, A.R., Tuke, M.A., Ruth, K.S., Mahajan, A., Murray, A., Freathy, R.M., Weedon, M.N., Hattersley, A.T., Hayward, C., Machann, J., Häring, H.U., Franks, P.W., de Mutsert, R., Pearson, E., Stefan, N., Frayling, T.M., Allebrandt, K.V., Bell, J.D., Blakemore, A.I. and Yaghootkar, H. 2018. Genome-wide and abdominal MRI-imaging data provides evidence that a genetically determined favourable adiposity phenotype is characterized by lower ectopic liver fat and lower risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and hypertension. Diabetes.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: relationship with cardiovascular risk markers and clinical endpoints
Buckley, A., Thomas, E.L., Lessan, N., Trovato, F.M., Trovato, G.M. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2018. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: relationship with cardiovascular risk markers and clinical endpoints. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 144, pp. 144-152.

The effects of dietary supplementation with inulin and inulin-propionate ester on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Chambers, E.S., Byrne, C.S., Rugyendo, A., Morrison, D.J., Preston, T., Tedford, M.C., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Akbar, A.N., Riddell, N.E., Sharma, R., Thursz, M.R., Manousou, P. and Frost, G. 2018. The effects of dietary supplementation with inulin and inulin-propionate ester on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a Novel Inhibitor for Exosome and Microvesicle (EMV) Release in Cancer
Kosgodage, U., Mould, R., Henley, A., Nunn, A.V.W., Guy, G.W., Thomas, E.L., Inal, J.M., Bell, J.D. and Lange, S. 2018. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a Novel Inhibitor for Exosome and Microvesicle (EMV) Release in Cancer. Frontiers in Pharmacology. 9, p. 889.

Reference range of liver corrected T1 values in a population at low risk for fatty liver disease-a UK Biobank sub-study, with an appendix of interesting cases
Mojtahed, A., Kelly, C.J., Herlihy, A.H., Kin, S., Wilman, H.R., McKay, A., Kelly, M., Milanesi, M., Neubauer, S,, Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Banerjee, R. and Harisinghani, M. 2018. Reference range of liver corrected T1 values in a population at low risk for fatty liver disease-a UK Biobank sub-study, with an appendix of interesting cases. Abdominal Radiology.

Plasma metabolome analysis identifies distinct human metabotypes in the postprandial state with different susceptibility to weight loss–mediated metabolic improvements
Fiamoncini, J., Rundle, M., Gibbons, H., Thomas, E.L., Geillinger-Kästle, K., Bunzel, D., Trezzi, J.P., Kiselova-Kaneva, J., Wopereis, S., Wahrheit, J., Kulling, S.E., Hiller, K., Sonntag, D., Ivanova, D., van Ommen, B, Frost, G., Brennan, L., Bell, J.D. and Daniel, H. 2018. Plasma metabolome analysis identifies distinct human metabotypes in the postprandial state with different susceptibility to weight loss–mediated metabolic improvements. FASEB Journal. 32 (10), p. 5447–5458.

Body Composition Profiling in the UK Biobank Imaging Study
Linge, J., Borger Magnus, West, J., Tuthill, T., Miller, M.R., Dumitriu, A., Thomas, E.L., Romu, T., Tunón, P., Bell, J.D. and Leinhard, O.D. 2018. Body Composition Profiling in the UK Biobank Imaging Study. Obesity. 26 (11), pp. 1785-1795.

Rifaximin in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: An Open-Label Pilot Study
Cobbold, J.F.L., Atkinson, S., Marchesi, J.R., Smith, A., Wai, S.N., Stove, J., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Jackson, N.C., Umpleby, A.M., Fitzpatrick, J., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Holmes, E., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Goldin, R.D., Yee, M.S., Anstee, Q.M. and Thursz, M.R. 2018. Rifaximin in Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: An Open-Label Pilot Study. Hepatology Research. 48 (1), pp. 69-77.

Impact of liver fat on the differential partitioning of hepatic triacylglycerol into VLDL subclasses on high and low sugar diets
Umpleby, A.M., Shoajee-Moradie, F., Fielding, F., Li, X., Marino, A., Alsini, N, Isherwood, C, Jackson, N.C., Ahmad, A., Stolinski, M., Lovegrove, J.A., Johnsen, S., Mendis, A., Wright, J., Wilinska, M.E., Hovorka, R., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S. and Griffin, B.A. 2017. Impact of liver fat on the differential partitioning of hepatic triacylglycerol into VLDL subclasses on high and low sugar diets. Clinical Science. 131 (21), pp. 2561-2573.

Cationic lipid-based nanoparticles mediate functional delivery of acetate to tumor cells in vivo leading to significant anticancer effects
Brody, L.P., Sahuri Arisoylu, M., Parkinson, J.R., Parkes, H.G., So, P-W, Hajji, N, Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S., Miller, A.D. and Bell, J.D. 2017. Cationic lipid-based nanoparticles mediate functional delivery of acetate to tumor cells in vivo leading to significant anticancer effects. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 12, pp. 6677-6685.

A Framework for Morphological Feature Extraction of Organs from MR Images for Detection and Classification of Abnormalities
Villarini, B., Asaturyan, H., Thomas, E.L., Mould, R. and Bell, J.D. 2017. A Framework for Morphological Feature Extraction of Organs from MR Images for Detection and Classification of Abnormalities. Proceedings of the 30th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS’17). Thessaloniki, Greece 22 - 24 Jun 2017 IEEE .

Psoas major cross-sectional area: A potential marker of cardiorespiratory fitness
Fitzpatrick, J., Chambers, E.S., Parkinson, J.R.C., Frost, G., Bell, J.D. and Thomas, E.L. 2017. Psoas major cross-sectional area: A potential marker of cardiorespiratory fitness. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology. 4 (1), pp. 15-20.

Characterisation of liver fat in the UK Biobank cohort
Wilman, H., Kelly, M., Garratt, S., Matthews, P., Milanesi, M., Herlihy, A.H., Gyngell, M, Neubauer, S, Bell, J.D., Banerjee, R and Thomas, E.L. 2017. Characterisation of liver fat in the UK Biobank cohort. PLoS ONE. 12 (2), p. e0172921.

Effect of energy restriction and physical exercise intervention on phenotypic flexibility as examined by transcriptomics analyses of mRNA from adipose tissue and whole body magnetic resonance imaging
Lee, S., Norheim, F., Langleite, T.M., Noreng, H.J., Storås, T.H., Afman, L.A., Frost, G., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Kolnes, K.J., Tangen, D.S., Stadheim, H.K., Gilfillan, G.D., Gulseth, H.L., Birkeland, K.I., Jensen, J., Drevon, C.A. and Holen, T. 2016. Effect of energy restriction and physical exercise intervention on phenotypic flexibility as examined by transcriptomics analyses of mRNA from adipose tissue and whole body magnetic resonance imaging. Physiological Reports. 4 (21), p. e13019.

Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies
West, J., Leinhard, O.D., Romu, T., Collins, R., Garratt, S., Bell, J.D., Borga, M. and Thomas, E.L. 2016. Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies. PLoS ONE. 11 (9).

Exercise Training Reduces Liver Fat and Increases Rates of VLDL Clearance, but not VLDL Production in NAFLD
Shojaee-Moradie, F., Cuthbertson, D.J., Barrett, M., Jackson, N.C., Herring, R, Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Kemp, G.J., Wright, J. and Umpleby, A.M. 2016. Exercise Training Reduces Liver Fat and Increases Rates of VLDL Clearance, but not VLDL Production in NAFLD. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 101 (11), pp. 4219-4228.

Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study
Jadoon, K.A., Ratcliffe, S.H., Barrett, D.A., Thomas, E.L., Stott, C., Bell, J.D., O’Sullivan S.E. and Tan, G.D. 2016. Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study. Diabetes Care. 39 (10), pp. 1777-1786.

Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition
Uthaya, S.N., Liu, X., Babalis, D., Doré, C.J., Caroline, J., Warwick, J., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Ashby, D., Durighel, G., Ederies, A., Yanez-Lopez, M. and Modi, N. 2016. Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 106 (3), pp. 1443-1452.

Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial
Uthaya, S.N., Liu, X., Babalis, D., Doré, C.J., Warwick, J., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Ashby, D., Durighel, G., Ederies, A., Yanez-Lopez, M. and Modi, N. 2016. Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial. Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation. 3 (2).

Reprogramming of hepatic fat accumulation and 'browning' of adipose tissue by the short-chain fatty acid acetate
Sahuri Arisoylu, M., Brody, L., Parkinson, J., Parkes, H.G., Navaratnam, N., Miller, A.D., Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2016. Reprogramming of hepatic fat accumulation and 'browning' of adipose tissue by the short-chain fatty acid acetate. International Journal of Obesity.

Liver fat in adults with GH deficiency: comparison to matched controls and the effect of GH replacement
Meienberg, F., Yee, M., Johnston, D.G., Cox, J., Robinson, S., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Godsland, I.F. 2016. Liver fat in adults with GH deficiency: comparison to matched controls and the effect of GH replacement. Clinical Endocrinology. 85 (1), pp. 76-84.

Body fat MRS
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2015. Body fat MRS. eMagRes. 4 (3), pp. 663-672.

A randomized controlled trial: the effect of inulin on weight management and ectopic fat in subjects with prediabetes.
Guess, N.D., Dornhorst, A., Oliver, N., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L. and Frost, G.S. 2015. A randomized controlled trial: the effect of inulin on weight management and ectopic fat in subjects with prediabetes. Nutrition & Metabolism. 12 (36).

Validation of a fast method for quantification of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue for large-scale human studies
Borga, M., Thomas, E.L., Romu, T., Rosander, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Leinhard, O.D., Bell, J.D. and Borger Magnus 2015. Validation of a fast method for quantification of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue for large-scale human studies. NMR in Biomedicine. 28 (12), pp. 1747-1753.

Dissociation between exercise-induced reduction in liver fat and changes in hepatic and peripheral glucose homeostasis in obese patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Cuthbertson, D.J., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Sprung, V.S., Jones, H., Pugh, C.J., Richardson, P., Kemp, G.J., Barrett, M., Jackson, N.C., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Umpleby, A.M. 2015. Dissociation between exercise-induced reduction in liver fat and changes in hepatic and peripheral glucose homeostasis in obese patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Clinical Science. 130 (2), pp. 93-104.

Effects of targeted delivery of propionate to the human colon on appetite regulation, body weight maintenance and adiposity in overweight adults.
Chambers, E.S., Viardot, A., Psichas, A., Morrison, D.J., Murphy, K.G., Zac-Varghese, S.E., MacDougall, K., Preston, T., Tedford, C., Finlayson, G.S., Blundell, J.E., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Mt-Isa, S., Ashby, D., Gibson, G.R., Kolida, S., Dhillo, W.S., Bloom, S.R., Morley, W., Clegg, S., Frost, G.S. and Sagen E K Zac-Varghese 2015. Effects of targeted delivery of propionate to the human colon on appetite regulation, body weight maintenance and adiposity in overweight adults. Gut. 64 (11), pp. 1744-54.

Circulating pancreatic polypeptide concentrations predict visceral and liver fat content
Sam Amir, H., Sleeth Michelle, L., Thomas, E.L., Daud Norlida, M., Chambers Edward, Shojaee-Moradie Fariba, Umpleby, A.M., le Roux, C.W., Bech Paul, Busbridge Mark, Laurie Rosemary Cuthbertson Daniel, J., Buckley Adam Ghatei Mohammad, A., Bloom, S.R., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Murphy, K.G., Ismail Nurhafzan, Shoajee-Moradie Fariba, Goldstone, A.P., Cuthbertson, D.J. and Ghatei, M.A. 2015. Circulating pancreatic polypeptide concentrations predict visceral and liver fat content. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 100 (3), pp. 1048-1052.

Sexual dimorphism in relation to adipose tissue and intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in early infancy
Gale, C., Jeffries, Suzan, Santhakumaran, S., Uthaya, S.N., Durighel, G., Alavi, Afshin, Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Logan, Karen M., Parkinson, J.R.C. and Bell, J.D. 2015. Sexual dimorphism in relation to adipose tissue and intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in early infancy. International Journal of Obesity. 39 (4), pp. 629-32.

Preterm nutritional intake and MRI phenotype at term age: a prospective observational study
Vasu, V., Durighel, G., Malamateniou, C., Rutherford, M.A., Modi, N., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2014. Preterm nutritional intake and MRI phenotype at term age: a prospective observational study. BMJ Open. 4 (5).

Body Fat: our own Janus
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2014. Body Fat: our own Janus. Physiology News. 96, pp. 24-27.

The association between objectively measured sitting and standing with body composition: a pilot study using magnetic resonance imaging
Smith, L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Hamer, M. 2014. The association between objectively measured sitting and standing with body composition: a pilot study using magnetic resonance imaging. BMJ Open. 4 (6), p. e005476.

External validation of the fatty liver index and lipid accumulation product indices, using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, to identify hepatic steatosis in healthy controls and obese, insulin-resistant individuals
Cuthbertson, D.J., Weickert, M.O., Lythgoe, D., Sprung, V.S., Dobson, R., Shoajee-Moradie Fariba, Umpleby, A.M., Pfeiffer, A.F.H., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Jones, H. and Kemp, G.J. 2014. External validation of the fatty liver index and lipid accumulation product indices, using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, to identify hepatic steatosis in healthy controls and obese, insulin-resistant individuals. European Journal of Endocrinology. 171 (5), pp. 561-569.

Efficacy of increased resistant starch consumption in human type 2 diabetes
Bodinham, C.L., Smith, L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Swann Jonathan, Costabile, A., Russell-Jones, D., Umpleby, A.M. and Robertson, M.D. 2014. Efficacy of increased resistant starch consumption in human type 2 diabetes. Endocrine Connections. 3 (2), pp. 75-84.

The short-chain fatty acid acetate reduces appetite via a central homeostatic mechanism
Frost, G.S., Sahuri-Arisoylu Meliz, Lizarbe Blanca, Cerdan Sebastian, Brody Leigh, Anastasovska, J., Ghourab Samar, Hankir, M., Zhang Shuai, Carling David Swann Jonathan, R., Gibson, G.R., Viardot, A., Morrison Douglas Thomas E Louise, Bell, J.D., Sleeth Michelle, L., Swann Jonathan and Thomas, E.L. 2014. The short-chain fatty acid acetate reduces appetite via a central homeostatic mechanism. Nature Communications. 5.

Adiposity and hepatic lipid in healthy full-term, breastfed, and formula-fed human infants: a prospective short-term longitudinal cohort study
Gale, C., Thomas, E.L., Jeffries, Suzan, Durighel, G., Logan, Karen M., Parkinson, J.R.C., Uthaya, S.N., Santhakumaran, S., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2014. Adiposity and hepatic lipid in healthy full-term, breastfed, and formula-fed human infants: a prospective short-term longitudinal cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutition. 99 (5), pp. 1034-1040.

The impact of oligofructose on stimulation of gut hormones, appetite regulation and adiposity
Daud Norlida, M., Ismail Nurhafzan, Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Swann Jonathan, Costabile, A., Pedersen, C., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Childs, C.E. and Goldstone, A.P. 2014. The impact of oligofructose on stimulation of gut hormones, appetite regulation and adiposity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 22 (6), pp. 1430-1438.

A history of previous gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse changes in insulin secretion and VLDL metabolism independently of increased intrahepatocellular lipid
Forbes, S., Godsland, I.F., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Patel, N., Hamilton, G., Parker, K.H., Marshall, I., Gray, C.D., Bedford, D.C., Caslake, M., Walker, B.R. and Johnston, D.G. 2013. A history of previous gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse changes in insulin secretion and VLDL metabolism independently of increased intrahepatocellular lipid. Diabetologia. 56 (9), pp. 2021-2033.

Whole body fat: content and distribution
Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Malik, S.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2013. Whole body fat: content and distribution. Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. 73, pp. 56-80.

Early nutritional determinants of intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in preterm infants at term age
Vasu, V., Thomas, E.L., Durighel, G., Hyde, M.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2013. Early nutritional determinants of intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in preterm infants at term age. International Journal of Obesity. 37 (4), pp. 500-504.

Metabolic syndrome, overweight and fatty liver
Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2013. Metabolic syndrome, overweight and fatty liver. in: Berdanier, C.D., Dwyer, J.T. and Heber, D. (ed.) Handbook of nutrition and food, 3rd edition Boca Raton CRC Press. pp. 763-768

Polycystic ovary syndrome with hyperandrogenism is characterized by an increased risk of hepatic steatosis compared to nonhyperandrogenic PCOS phenotypes and healthy controls, independent of obesity and insulin resistance
Jones, H., Sprung, V.S., Pugh, C.J.A., Daousi, C., Irwin, A., Aziz, N., Adams, V.L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Kemp, G.J. and Cuthbertson, D.J. 2012. Polycystic ovary syndrome with hyperandrogenism is characterized by an increased risk of hepatic steatosis compared to nonhyperandrogenic PCOS phenotypes and healthy controls, independent of obesity and insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (10), pp. 3709-3716.

Fatty acid flux and oxidation are increased by rimonabant in obese women
Backhouse, K., Sarac, I., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Stolinski, M., Robertson, M.D., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Wright, J., Russell-Jones, D. and Umpleby, A.M. 2012. Fatty acid flux and oxidation are increased by rimonabant in obese women. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental. 61 (9), pp. 1220-1223.

Gender differences in VLDL1 and VLDL2 triglyceride kinetics and fatty acid kinetics in obese postmenopausal women and obese men
Sarac, I., Backhouse, K., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Stolinski, M., Robertson, M.D., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Hovorka, R., Wright, J. and Umpleby, A.M. 2012. Gender differences in VLDL1 and VLDL2 triglyceride kinetics and fatty acid kinetics in obese postmenopausal women and obese men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (7), pp. 2475-2481.

Excess body fat in obese and normal weight subjects
Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Excess body fat in obese and normal weight subjects. Nutrition Research Reviews. 25 (1), pp. 150-161.

The effect of preterm birth on adiposity and metabolic pathways and the implications for later life
Thomas, E.L., Al Saud, N.B., Durighel, G., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2012. The effect of preterm birth on adiposity and metabolic pathways and the implications for later life. Clinical Lipidology. 7 (3), pp. 275-288.

Intrahepatic insulin exposure, intrahepatocellular lipid and regional body fat in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Mehta, S.R., Godsland, I.F., Thomas, E.L., Pavitt, D.V., Morin, S.H.X., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Johnston, D.G. 2012. Intrahepatic insulin exposure, intrahepatocellular lipid and regional body fat in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (6), pp. 2151-2159.

Hepatic steatosis, GH deficiency and the effects of GH replacement: a Liverpool magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Gardner, C.J., Irwin, A., Daousi, C., McFarlane, I.A., Joseph, F., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Adams, V.L., Kemp, G.J. and Cuthbertson, D.J. 2012. Hepatic steatosis, GH deficiency and the effects of GH replacement: a Liverpool magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. European Journal of Endocrinology. 166, pp. 993-1002.

Fermentable carbohydrate alters hypothalamic neuronal activity and protects against the obesogenic environment
Anastasovska, J., Arora, T., Sanchez-Canon, G.J., Parkinson, J.R.C., Touhy, K., Gibson, G.R., Nadkarni, N., So, P.W., Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Hankir, M., Van Loo, J., Modi, N., Bell, J.D. and Frost, G.S. 2012. Fermentable carbohydrate alters hypothalamic neuronal activity and protects against the obesogenic environment. Obesity. 20 (5), pp. 1016-1023.

Relation between trunk fat volume and reduction of total lung capacity in obese men
Watson, R.A., Pride, N.B., Thomas, E.L., Ind, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Relation between trunk fat volume and reduction of total lung capacity in obese men. Journal of Applied Physiology. 112 (1), pp. 118-126.

The missing risk: MRI and MRS phenotyping of abdominal adiposity and ectopic fat
Thomas, E.L., Parkinson, J.R.C., Frost, G.S., Goldstone, A.P., Doré, C.J., McCarthy, J., Collins, A.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2012. The missing risk: MRI and MRS phenotyping of abdominal adiposity and ectopic fat. Obesity. 20 (1), pp. 76-87.

Aberrant adiposity and ectopic lipid deposition characterize the adult phenotype of the preterm infant
Thomas, E.L., Parkinson, J.R.C., Hyde, M.J., Yap, I.K.S., Holmes, E., Doré, C.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2011. Aberrant adiposity and ectopic lipid deposition characterize the adult phenotype of the preterm infant. Paediatric Research. 70 (5), pp. 507-512.

Pragmatic study of orlistat 60 mg on abdominal obesity
Thomas, E.L., Makwana, A., Newbould, R., Rao, A.W., Gambarota, G., Frost, G.S., Delafont, B., Mishra, R.G., Matthews, P.M., Berk, E.S., Schwartz, S.M., Bell, J.D. and Beaver, J.D. 2011. Pragmatic study of orlistat 60 mg on abdominal obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 65, pp. 1256-1262.

The influence of maternal body mass index on infant adiposity and hepatic lipid content
Modi, N., Murgasova, D., Ruager-Martin, R., Thomas, E.L., Hyde, M.J., Gale, C., Santhakumaran, S., Doré, C.J., Alavi, Afshin and Bell, J.D. 2011. The influence of maternal body mass index on infant adiposity and hepatic lipid content. Paediatric Research. 70 (3), pp. 287-291.

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ultrasound for hepatic fat quantification
Mehta, S.R., Thomas, E.L., Patel, N., Crofton, M.E., McCarthy, J., Eliahoo, J., Morin, S.H.X., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Goldstone, A.P., Johnston, D.G., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2010. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ultrasound for hepatic fat quantification. Hepatology Research. 40 (4), pp. 399-406.

Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome
Johnston, K.L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S. and Robertson, M.D. 2010. Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome. Diabetic Medicine. 27 (4), pp. 391-397.

Reduction of total lung capacity in obese men: comparison of total intrathoracic and gas volumes
Watson, R.A., Pride, N.B., Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., McCarthy, J., Morin, S.H.X., Ind, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Reduction of total lung capacity in obese men: comparison of total intrathoracic and gas volumes. Journal of Applied Physiology. 108 (6), pp. 1605-1612.

Estimation of abdominal fat compartments by bioelectrical impedance: the validity of the ViScan measurement system in comparison with MRI
Thomas, E.L., Collins, A.L., McCarthy, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Goldstone, A.P. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Estimation of abdominal fat compartments by bioelectrical impedance: the validity of the ViScan measurement system in comparison with MRI. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 64, pp. 525-533.

Incidental findings in healthy control research subjects using whole-body MRI
Morin, S.H.X., Cobbold, J.F.L., Lim, A.K.P., Eliahoo, J., Thomas, E.L., Mehta, S.R., Durighel, G., Fitzpatrick, J., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2009. Incidental findings in healthy control research subjects using whole-body MRI. European Journal of Radiology. 72 (3), pp. 529-533.

Obesity, diabetes and longevity in the Gulf: is there a Gulf metabolic syndrome?
Guy, G.W., Nunn, A.V.W., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Obesity, diabetes and longevity in the Gulf: is there a Gulf metabolic syndrome? International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. 1 (1), pp. 43-54.

Fat distribution in men of different waist girth, fitness level and exercise habit
O'Donovan, G., Thomas, E.L., McCarthy, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Mehta, S.R., Morin, S.H.X., Goldstone, A.P. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Fat distribution in men of different waist girth, fitness level and exercise habit. International Journal of Obesity. 33 (12), pp. 1356-1362.

Whole body magnetic resonance imaging of healthy newborn infants demonstrates increased central adiposity in Asian Indians
Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Uthaya, S.N., Umranikar, S., Bell, J.D. and Yajnik, C. 2009. Whole body magnetic resonance imaging of healthy newborn infants demonstrates increased central adiposity in Asian Indians. Paediatric Research. 65 (5), pp. 584-587.

Neonatal intrahepatocellular lipid
Thomas, E.L., Uthaya, S.N., Vasu, V., McCarthy, J., McEwan, P., Hamilton, G., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2008. Neonatal intrahepatocellular lipid. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 93 (5), pp. F382-F383.

Non-invasive means of measuring hepatic fat content
Mehta, S.R., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Johnston, D.G. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2008. Non-invasive means of measuring hepatic fat content. World Journal of Gastroenterology. 14 (22), pp. 3476-3483.

Pioglitazone added to conventional lipid lowering treatment in familial combined hyperlipidaemia improves parameters of metabolic control: relation to liver, muscle and regional body fat content
Thomas, E.L., Potter, E., Tosi, I., Fitzpatrick, J., Hamilton, G., Amber, V., Hughs, R., North, C., Holvoet, P., Seed, M., Betteridge, D.J., Bell, J.D. and Naoumova, R.P. 2007. Pioglitazone added to conventional lipid lowering treatment in familial combined hyperlipidaemia improves parameters of metabolic control: relation to liver, muscle and regional body fat content. Atherosclerosis. 195 (1), pp. e181-e190.

You have free access to this content Creatine supplements in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies who are clinically weak after conventional pharmacologic treatment: Six-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial
Chung, Y.L., Alexanderson, H., Pipitone, N., Morrison, C., Dastmalchi, M., Ståhl-Hallengren, C., Richards, S., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Bell, J.D., Lundberg, I.E. and Scott, D.L. 2007. You have free access to this content Creatine supplements in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies who are clinically weak after conventional pharmacologic treatment: Six-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 57 (4), pp. 694-702.

Exercise training reduces fatty acid availability and improves the insulin sensitivity of glucose metabolism
Shojaee-Moradie, F., Baynes, K.C.R., Pentecost, C., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Jackson, N.C., Stolinski, M., Whyte, M., Lovell, D., Bowes, S.B., Gibney, J., Jones, R.H. and Umpleby, A.M. 2007. Exercise training reduces fatty acid availability and improves the insulin sensitivity of glucose metabolism. Diabetologia. 50 (2), pp. 404-413.

Determinants of adiposity during preweaning postnatal growth in appropriately grown and growth-restricted term infants
Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Harrington, T.A.M., Uthaya, S.N., Doré, C.J. and Bell, J.D. 2006. Determinants of adiposity during preweaning postnatal growth in appropriately grown and growth-restricted term infants. Pediatric Research. 60 (3), pp. 345-348.

Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation
Batterham, R.L., Heffron, H., Kapoor, S., Chivers, J.E., Chandarana, K., Herzog, H., le Roux, C.W., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Withers, D.J. 2006. Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation. Cell Metabolism. 4 (3), pp. 223-233.

Effect of nutritional counselling on hepatic, muscle and adipose tissue fat content and distribution in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Hamilton, G., Patel, N., Spong, A., Goldin, R.D., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2006. Effect of nutritional counselling on hepatic, muscle and adipose tissue fat content and distribution in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. World Journal of Gastroenterology. 12 (36), pp. 5813-5819.

Intra-cellular fat accumulation: mechanisms and implications for health
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2006. Intra-cellular fat accumulation: mechanisms and implications for health. International Journal of Body Composition Research. 4 (1), pp. 27-37.

Excess visceral and hepatic adipose tissue in Turner syndrome determined by magnetic resonance imaging: estrogen deficiency associated with hepatic adipose content
Ostberg, J.E., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Attar, M.J.H., Bell, J.D. and Conway, G.S. 2005. Excess visceral and hepatic adipose tissue in Turner syndrome determined by magnetic resonance imaging: estrogen deficiency associated with hepatic adipose content. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 90 (5), pp. 2631-2635.

Altered adiposity after extremely preterm birth
Uthaya, S.N., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Doré, C.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2005. Altered adiposity after extremely preterm birth. Pediatric Research. 57 (2), pp. 211-215.

Hepatic triglyceride content and its relation to body adiposity: a magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Patel, N., O'Dwyer, R., Doré, C.J., Goldin, R.D., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2005. Hepatic triglyceride content and its relation to body adiposity: a magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Gut. 54 (1), pp. 122-127.

Links Familial partial lipodystrophy associated with compound heterozygosity for novel mutations in the LMNA gene
Savage, D.B., McFarlane, I.A., Barroso, I., Soos, M.A., Powlson, A., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Scobie, I., Belchetz, P.E., Kelly, W.F., Halsall, D.J., Schafer, A.J. and O’Rahilly, S. 2004. Links Familial partial lipodystrophy associated with compound heterozygosity for novel mutations in the LMNA gene. Diabetologia. 47 (4), pp. 753-756.

Elevated fasting plasma ghrelin in Prader-Willi Syndrome adults is not solely explained by their reduced visceral adiposity and insulin resistance
Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Castroman, G., Edwards, R., Ghatei, M.A., Frost, G.S., Holland, A., Grossman, A.B., Korbonits, M., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2004. Elevated fasting plasma ghrelin in Prader-Willi Syndrome adults is not solely explained by their reduced visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 89 (4), pp. 1718-1726.

Distribution of adipose tissue in the newborn
Harrington, T.A.M., Thomas, E.L., Modi, N., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2004. Distribution of adipose tissue in the newborn. Pediatric Research. 55 (3), pp. 437-441.

Human metabolic syndrome resulting from dominant-negative mutations in the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ
Savage, D.B., Tan, G.D., Acerini, C.L., Jebb, S.A., Agostini, M., Gurnell, M., Williams, R.L., Umpleby, A.M., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Dixon, A.K., Dunne, F., Boiani, R., Cinti, S., Vidal-Puig, A., Karpe, F., Chatterjee, V.K.K. and O'Rahilly, S. 2003. Human metabolic syndrome resulting from dominant-negative mutations in the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ. Diabetes. 52 (4), p. 910.

Carbohydrate-induced manipulation of insulin sensitivity independently of intramyocellular lipids
Goff, L.M., Frost, G.S., Hamilton, G., Thomas, E.L., Dhillo, W.S., Dornhorst, A. and Bell, J.D. 2003. Carbohydrate-induced manipulation of insulin sensitivity independently of intramyocellular lipids. British Journal of Nutrition. 89 (3), pp. 365-375.

Influence of undersampling on magnetic resonance imaging measurements of intra-abdominal adipose tissue
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2003. Influence of undersampling on magnetic resonance imaging measurements of intra-abdominal adipose tissue. International Journal of Obesity. 27 (2), pp. 211-218.

Hypothalamic neuropeptides and regulation of fat mass in Prader-Willi syndrome
Goldstone, A.P., Unmehopa, U.A., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Ghatei, M.A., Holland, A., Bloom, S.R. and Swaab, D.F. 2003. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and regulation of fat mass in Prader-Willi syndrome. in: Eiholzer, U., l’Allemand, D. and Zipf, W.B. (ed.) Prader-Willi syndrome as a model for obesity: international symposium, Zurich, October 18-19, 2002 Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers. pp. 31-43

Letter: Digenic inheritance of severe insulin resistance in a human pedigree
Savage, D.B., Agostini, M., Barroso, I., Gurnell, M., Luan, J.A., Meirhaeghe, A., Harding, A.H., Ihrke, G., Rajanayagam, O., Soos, M.A., George, S., Birger, D., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Meera, K., Ross, R.J., Vidal-Puig, A., Wareham, N.J., O'Rahilly, S., Chatterjee, V.K.K. and Schafer, A.J. 2002. Letter: Digenic inheritance of severe insulin resistance in a human pedigree. Nature Genetics. 31 (4), pp. 379-384.

Resting metabolic rate, plasma leptin concentrations, leptin receptor expression, and adipose tissue measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in women with Prader-Willi syndrome
Goldstone, A.P., Brynes, A.E., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Holland, A., Ghatei, M.A. and Bloom, S.R. 2002. Resting metabolic rate, plasma leptin concentrations, leptin receptor expression, and adipose tissue measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in women with Prader-Willi syndrome. American Journal of Clinical Nutition. 75 (3), pp. 468-475.

Fast and reproducible method for the direct quantitation of adipose tissue in newborn infants
Harrington, T.A.M., Thomas, E.L., Modi, N., Frost, G.S., Coutts, G.A. and Bell, J.D. 2002. Fast and reproducible method for the direct quantitation of adipose tissue in newborn infants. Lipids. 37 (1), pp. 95-100.

Visceral adipose tissue and metabolic complications of obesity are reduced in Prader-Willi syndrome female adults: evidence for novel influences on body fat distribution
Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Saeed, N., Hajnal, J.V., Howard, J.K., Holland, A. and Bloom, S.R. 2001. Visceral adipose tissue and metabolic complications of obesity are reduced in Prader-Willi syndrome female adults: evidence for novel influences on body fat distribution. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 86 (9), pp. 4330-4338.

In vivo evaluation of the effects of continuous exercise on skeletal muscle triglycerides in trained humans
Rico-Sanz, J., Moosavi, M., Thomas, E.L., McCarthy, J., Coutts, G.A., Saeed, N. and Bell, J.D. 2000. In vivo evaluation of the effects of continuous exercise on skeletal muscle triglycerides in trained humans. Lipids. 35 (12), pp. 1313-1315.

Preferential loss of visceral fat following aerobic exercise, measured by magnetic resonance imaging
Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., McCarthy, J., Goldstone, A.P., Hajnal, J.V., Saeed, N., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2000. Preferential loss of visceral fat following aerobic exercise, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Lipids. 35 (7), pp. 769-776.

Relation of triglyceride stores in skeletal muscle cells to central obesity and insulin sensitivity in European and South Asian men
Forouhi, N.G., Jenkinson, G., Thomas, E.L., Mullick, S., Mierisová, Ŝ., Bhonsle, U., McKeigue, P.M. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Relation of triglyceride stores in skeletal muscle cells to central obesity and insulin sensitivity in European and South Asian men. Diabetologia. 42 (8), pp. 932-935.

Angiotensin-converting-enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and response to physical training
Montgomery, H., Clarkson, P., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Brynes, A.E., Hajnal, J.V., Hemingway, H., Mercer, D., Jarman, P., Marshall, R., Prasad, K., Rayson, M., Saeed, N., Thomas, E.L., Jubb, M., World, M., Dollery, C., Talmud, P. and Humphries, S.E. 1999. Angiotensin-converting-enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and response to physical training. The Lancet. 353 (9152), pp. 541-545.

Body fat metabolism: observation by MR imaging and spectroscopy
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Body fat metabolism: observation by MR imaging and spectroscopy. in: Young, I.R. (ed.) Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy in medicine and biology Wiley.

Diversity in levels of intracellular total creatine and triglycerides in human skeletal muscles observed by 1H-MRS
Rico-Sanz, J., Thomas, E.L., Jenkinson, G., Mierisová, Ŝ., Iles, R.A. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Diversity in levels of intracellular total creatine and triglycerides in human skeletal muscles observed by 1H-MRS. Journal of Applied Physiology. 87 (6), pp. 2068-2072.

Magnetic resonance: in-vivo NMR, applications – other nuclei
Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L. and Changani, K.K. 1999. Magnetic resonance: in-vivo NMR, applications – other nuclei. in: Lindon, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of spectroscopy and spectrometry London Academic Press.

Critical assessment of in vivo13C NMR spectroscopy and gas–liquid chromatography in the study of adipose tissue composition
Thomas, E.L., Cunnane, S.C. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Critical assessment of in vivo13C NMR spectroscopy and gas–liquid chromatography in the study of adipose tissue composition. NMR in Biomedicine. 11 (6), pp. 290-296.

Intracellular and extracellular skeletal muscle triglyceride metabolism during alternating intensity exercise in humans
Rico-Sanz, J., Hajnal, J.V., Thomas, E.L., Mierisová, Ŝ., Ala-Korpela, M. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Intracellular and extracellular skeletal muscle triglyceride metabolism during alternating intensity exercise in humans. Journal of Physiology. 510 (2), pp. 615-622.

Human gene for physical performance
Montgomery, H., Marshall, R., Hemingway, H., Myerson, S., Clarkson, P., Dollery, C., Hayward, M., Holliman, D.E., Jubb, M., World, M., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Saeed, N., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Prasad, K., Rayson, M., Talmud, P. and Humphries, S.E. 1998. Human gene for physical performance. Nature. 393 (6682), pp. 221-222.

Magnetic resonance imaging of total body fat
Thomas, E.L., Saeed, N., Hajnal, J.V., Brynes, A.E., Goldstone, A.P., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Magnetic resonance imaging of total body fat. Journal of Applied Physiology. 85 (5), pp. 1778-1785.

In vivo assessment of metabolic perturbations following alanine and glucagon administration using 31P-MRS in the rat
Changani, K.K., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Williams, S.C.R., Bloom, S.R. and Iles, R.A. 1997. In vivo assessment of metabolic perturbations following alanine and glucagon administration using 31P-MRS in the rat. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: general subjects. 1335 (3), pp. 290-304.

Noninvasive characterization of neonatal adipose tissue by 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Thomas, E.L., Hanrahan, J.D., Ala-Korpela, M., Jenkinson, G., Azzopardi, D., Iles, R.A. and Bell, J.D. 1997. Noninvasive characterization of neonatal adipose tissue by 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Lipids. 32 (6), pp. 645-651.

Changes in adipose tissue composition in malnourished patients before and after liver transplantation: A carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gas-liquid chromatography study
Thomas, E.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Barnard, M.L., Frost, G.S., Sargentoni, J., Davidson, B.R., Cunnane, S.C. and Bell, J.D. 1997. Changes in adipose tissue composition in malnourished patients before and after liver transplantation: A carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gas-liquid chromatography study. Hepatology. 25 (1), pp. 178-183.

Effects of n-3 fatty acids on the NMR profile of plasma lipoproteins
Bell, J.D., Barnard, M.L., Parkes, H.G., Thomas, E.L., Brennan, C.H., Cunnane, S.C. and Dagnelie, P.C. 1996. Effects of n-3 fatty acids on the NMR profile of plasma lipoproteins. The Journal of Lipid Research. 37 (8), pp. 1664-1674.

Automated feature extraction for the classification of human in vivo13C NMR spectra using statistical pattern recognition and wavelets
Tate, A.R., Watson, D., Eglen, S., Arvanitis, T.N., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Automated feature extraction for the classification of human in vivo13C NMR spectra using statistical pattern recognition and wavelets. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 35 (6), pp. 834-840.

Development of a rapid and efficient magnetic resonance imaging technique for analysis of body fat distribution
Barnard, M.L., Schwieso, J.E., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Saeed, N., Frost, G.S., Bloom, S.R. and Hajnal, J.V. 1996. Development of a rapid and efficient magnetic resonance imaging technique for analysis of body fat distribution. NMR in Biomedicine. 9 (4), pp. 156-164.

Anin vivo 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of the relationship between diet and adipose tissue composition
Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S., Barnard, M.L., Bryant, D.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Simbrunner, J., Coutts, G.A., Burl, M., Bloom, S.R., Sales, K.D. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Anin vivo 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of the relationship between diet and adipose tissue composition. Lipids. 31 (2), pp. 145-151.

Cirrhosis of the human liver: an in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Thomas, E.L., Sargentoni, J., Marcus, C.D., Davidson, B.R. and Bell, J.D. 1995. Cirrhosis of the human liver: an in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Molecular Basis of Disease. 1272 (2), pp. 113-118.