I have a five-year master's degree in Law from the University of Messina (2012) and a PhD in Public International Law from the University of Rome ‘Sapienza’ (2016). I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. The Italian Ministry of University and Research awarded me the Italian National Scientific Habilitation as Associate Professor of International Law (2019-2028).
I am presently Reader in International Law at the School of Law of the University of Westminster. In 2023 I was a Visiting Professor on the international law of armed conflict at the University of Trento. In the past, I lectured on Public International Law, International Humanitarian Law, International Litigation before the ICJ, and EU Law at the University of Messina, for the Italian Ministry of Defence, and for the Italian Red Cross.
I have published widely in the field of public international law, including jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law, and international criminal law. My scholarship has been cited in official documents by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, the United Nations International Law Commission's Special Rapporteur on the Protection of the Environment in relation to Armed Conflicts, and international NGOs. My research has been cited by states litigating international disputes before the International Court of Justice and the UN Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
For my research, I have received the 2021 Paul Reuter Prize administered by the International Committee of the Red Cross, an Honorable Mention for the 2023 Lieber Prize awarded by the American Society of International Law, and the 2021 Italian Society of International and European Union Law Prize (Premio SIDI). I was also awarded the third places at the 2020 Rosalyn Higgins Prize and at the 2021 Junior Scholar Award of the Asian Society of International Law
My monograph on The Use of Armed Force in Occupied Territory was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. It has received critical acclaim by reviews appeared in the Journal of Conflict & Security Law, the Revue belge de droit international, the Military Law and the Law of War Review, the German Yearbook of International Law, the Edinburgh Law Review, and the Levan Alexidze Journal of International Law.
My articles appeared in important peer-reviewed journals, including The European Journal of International Law, The Asian Journal of International Law, The Journal of International Criminal Justice, The Journal of Conflict & Security Law, the Israel Law Review, the Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, The Texas International Law Journal, The Melbourne Journal of International Law, The Netherlands International Law Review, International Law Studies, the International Community Law Review, the Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, the Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, The German Yearbook of International Law, The Polish Yearbook of International Law, The Spanish Yearbook of International Law, the Rivista di diritto internazionale, the Anuario español de derecho internacional, the Wisconsin International Law Journal, as well as in several prestigious edited books.
I am the reviews editor of the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, and I sit in the advisory board of the International Community Law Review, in the editorial board of the Journal du Droit Transnational, and in the review board of Quaderni di SIDIBlog. I was guest editor of the International Criminal Law Review and I was a member of the editorial board of the Journal on the Use of Force in International Law.
I have presented my scholarship at a number of important international conferences and events hosted, inter alia, in Belgium, Brazil, France, Georgia, Germany, India, Italy, Israel, Netherlands, Palestine, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US.
I have organised several high-profile conferences and seminar series at the University of Westminster and the University of Messina.
I am a member of the Italian Society of International and EU Law, the European Society of International Law, the Asian Society of International Law, the International Institute of International Law of Sanremo, the Occupation Studies Research Network, and the International Law Association. I am also the faculty advisor of the ILSA at Westminster Chapter.
As a consultant, I advise UN bodies, NGOs, and companies on public international law, international criminal law, international human rights law, and international humanitarian law issues.
My research focuses on Public International Law, with specific interest in International Humanitarian Law/Law of Armed Conflict, International Criminal Law, International Human Rights Law, and Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes. I welcome PhD proposals in any of these areas.
At the moment, I am researching in the fields of the law of military occupation, sufficient gravity before the International Criminal Court, state responsibility, and the protection of community interests before the International Court of Justice.