Partial heat acclimation of athletes with spinal cord lesion

Castle, P.C., Pasan Kularatne, B., Brewer, J., Mauger, A.R., Austen, R.A., Tuttle, J.A., Sculthorpe, N., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S. and Webborn, A.D.J. 2013. Partial heat acclimation of athletes with spinal cord lesion. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113 (1), pp. 109-115.

TitlePartial heat acclimation of athletes with spinal cord lesion
AuthorsCastle, P.C., Pasan Kularatne, B., Brewer, J., Mauger, A.R., Austen, R.A., Tuttle, J.A., Sculthorpe, N., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S. and Webborn, A.D.J.
Abstract

Heat acclimation (HA) can improve thermoregulatory stability in able-bodied athletes in part by an enhanced sweat response. Athletes with spinal cord lesion are unable to sweat below the lesion and it is unknown if they can HA. Five paralympic shooting athletes with spinal cord lesion completed seven consecutive days HA in hot conditions (33.4 ± 0.6 °C, 64.8 ± 3.7 %rh). Each HA session consisted of 20 min arm crank exercise at 50 % VO2peak followed by 40 min rest, or simulated shooting. Aural temperature (T aur) was recorded throughout. Body mass was assessed before and after each session and a sweat collection swab was fixed to T12 of the spine. Fingertip whole blood was sampled at rest on days 1 and 7 for estimation of the change in plasma volume. Resting T aur declined from 36.3 ± 0.2 °C on day 1 to 36.0 ± 0.2 °C by day 6 (P < 0.05). During the HA sessions mean, T aur declined from 37.2 ± 0.2 °C on day 1, to 36.7 ± 0.3 °C on day 7 (P < 0.05). Plasma volume increased from day 1 by 1.5 ± 0.6 % on day 7 (P < 0.05). No sweat secretion was detected or changes in body mass observed from any participant. Repeated hyperthermia combined with limited evaporative heat loss was sufficient to increase plasma volume, probably by alterations in fluid regulatory hormones. In conclusion, we found that although no sweat response was observed, athletes with spinal cord lesion could partially HA.

JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Journal citation113 (1), pp. 109-115
ISSN1439-6319
YearJan 2013
PublisherSpringer
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s00421-012-2417-6
Publication dates
PublishedJan 2013

Related outputs

High intensity exercise decreases IP6K1 muscle content & improves insulin sensitivity in glucose intolerant individuals
Naufahu, J., Elliott, B., Markiv, A., Dunning-Foreman, P., McGrady, M., Howard, D., Watt, P.W. and Mackenzie, R.W.A. 2018. High intensity exercise decreases IP6K1 muscle content & improves insulin sensitivity in glucose intolerant individuals. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 103 (4), pp. 1479-1490.

Akt/PKB activation and insulin signaling: a novel insulin signaling pathway in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A. and Elliott, B.T. 2014. Akt/PKB activation and insulin signaling: a novel insulin signaling pathway in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 7, pp. 55-64.

Attenuation of plasma annexin A1 in human obesity
Kosicka, A., Cunliffe, A., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Gulrez Zariwala, M., Perretti, M., Flower, R.J. and Renshaw, D. 2013. Attenuation of plasma annexin A1 in human obesity. FASEB Journal. 27 (1), pp. 368-378.

Concurrent resistance and aerobic exercise stimulates both myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis in sedentary middle-aged men
Donges, C.E., Burd, N.A., Duffield, R., Smith, G.C., West, D.D.W., Short, M.J., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Plank, L.D., Shepherd, P.R., Phillips, S.M. and Edge, J.A. 2012. Concurrent resistance and aerobic exercise stimulates both myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis in sedentary middle-aged men. Journal of Applied Physiology. 112 (12), pp. 1992-2001.

The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
MacKenzie, R., Elliott, B., Maxwell, N.S., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2012. The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 97 (1), pp. 155-62.

Intermittent Exercise with and without Hypoxia Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
MacKenzie, R., Maxwell, N.S., Castle, P.C., Elliot, B., Brickley, G., Watt, P.W. and Elliott, B. 2012. Intermittent Exercise with and without Hypoxia Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 97 (4), pp. 46-55.

Intermittent exercise with and without hypoxia improves insulin sensitivity in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S., Castle, P.C., Elliott, B.T., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2012. Intermittent exercise with and without hypoxia improves insulin sensitivity in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (4), pp. E546-E555.

The central role of myostatin in skeletal muscle and whole body homeostasis
Elliott, B.T., Renshaw, D., Getting, S.J. and Mackenzie, R.W.A. 2012. The central role of myostatin in skeletal muscle and whole body homeostasis. Acta Physiologica. 205 (3), pp. 324-340.

The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Elliott, B.T., Maxwell, N.S., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2012. The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (1), pp. 155-162.

Heat acclimation improves intermittent sprinting in the heat but additional pre-cooling offers no further ergogenic effect
Castle, P.C., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S., Webborn, A.D.J. and Watt, P.W. 2011. Heat acclimation improves intermittent sprinting in the heat but additional pre-cooling offers no further ergogenic effect. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29 (11), pp. 1125-1134.

Acute hypoxia and exercise improve insulin sensitivity (S(I) (2) *) in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S., Castle, P.C., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2011. Acute hypoxia and exercise improve insulin sensitivity (S(I) (2) *) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes - Metabolism: Research and Reviews. 27 (1), pp. 94-101.

Acute hypoxia improves insulin sensitivity (SI2*) and β cell function in individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Elliott, B.T., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2010. Acute hypoxia improves insulin sensitivity (SI2*) and β cell function in individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. The Physiological Society. University of Manchester

Influence of hypohydration on intermittent sprint performance in the heat
Maxwell, N.S., Mackenzie, R.W.A. and Bishop, D. 2009. Influence of hypohydration on intermittent sprint performance in the heat. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 4 (1), pp. 54-67.

Intermittent exercise decreases insulin resistance in the 48 hrs following exercise in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A. and Watt, P.W. 2009. Intermittent exercise decreases insulin resistance in the 48 hrs following exercise in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Endocrine Society 91st Annual Meeting. Washington, DC 10 - 13 Jun 2009

Exercise and acute hypoxia improve insulin sensitivity (SI2*) in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A. and Watt, P.W. 2009. Exercise and acute hypoxia improve insulin sensitivity (SI2*) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Society for Endocrinology BES 2009. Harrogate 16 - 19 Mar 2009

Heat acclimation improves intermittent sprint performance in the heat, but additional pre-cooling is not further ergogenic
Castle, P.C., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Maxwell, N.S., Webborn, A.D.J. and Watt, P.W. 2009. Heat acclimation improves intermittent sprint performance in the heat, but additional pre-cooling is not further ergogenic. BASES Annual Conference. Leeds Metropolitan University 01 - 03 Sep 2009

Acute normobaric hypoxia stimulates erythropoietin release
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Watt, P.W. and Maxwell, N.S. 2008. Acute normobaric hypoxia stimulates erythropoietin release. High Altitude Medicine and Biology. 9 (1), pp. 28-37.

Acute hypoxia alters glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes
Mackenzie, R.W.A., Hammond, E. and Watt, P.W. 2007. Acute hypoxia alters glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes. The Endocrine Society 89th Annual Meeting. Toronto, Canada 02 - 05 Jun 2007

Increased carbon dioxide expiration in recovery from maximal exercise in children with cystic fibrosis
Brickley, G., Adams, A., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Lenton, J. and Seddon, P. 2006. Increased carbon dioxide expiration in recovery from maximal exercise in children with cystic fibrosis. American Thoracic Society International Conference. San Diego 19 - 24 May 2006

Physical activity and fitness in children with Cystic Fibrosis
Adams, A., Mackenzie, R.W.A., Lenton, J., Brickley, G. and Seddon, P. 2006. Physical activity and fitness in children with Cystic Fibrosis. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis. 5 (sup. 1), p. S80.

Physical activity and fitness in children with cystic fibrosis
Adams, A., Lenton, J., Brickley, G., Mackenzie, R.W.A. and Seddon, P. 2006. Physical activity and fitness in children with cystic fibrosis. 29th European Cystic Fibrosis Conference. Copenhagen, Denmark 15 - 18 Jun 2006

Invited Response – Levine, B D & Stray-Gundersen, J (2005). Comments on Point: Counterpoint "Positive effects of intermittent hypoxia (live high:train low) on exercise performance are/are not mediated primarily by augmented red cell volume"
Mackenzie, R.W.A. 2005. Invited Response – Levine, B D & Stray-Gundersen, J (2005). Comments on Point: Counterpoint "Positive effects of intermittent hypoxia (live high:train low) on exercise performance are/are not mediated primarily by augmented red cell volume". Journal of Applied Physiology. 99 (6), pp. 2453-2462.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/8yxy3/partial-heat-acclimation-of-athletes-with-spinal-cord-lesion


Share this
Tweet
Email