|Title||The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes|
|Authors||Mackenzie, R.W.A., Elliott, B.T., Maxwell, N.S., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W.|
Context:Hypoxia and muscle contraction stimulate glucose transport in vitro. We have previously demonstrated that exercise and hypoxia have an additive effect on insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetics.Objectives:Our objective was to examine the effects of three different hypoxic/exercise (Hy Ex) trials on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance in the 48 h after acute hypoxia in type 2 diabetics.Design, Participants, and Interventions:Eight male type 2 diabetics completed 60 min of hypoxic [mean (sem) O(2) = ∼14.7 (0.2)%] exercise at 90% of lactate threshold [Hy Ex(60); 49 (1) W]. Patients completed an additional two hypoxic trials of equal work, lasting 40 min [Hy Ex(40); 70 (1) W] and 20 min [Hy Ex(20); 140 (12) W].Main Outcome Measures:Glucose rate of appearance and rate of disappearance were determined using the one-compartment minimal model. Homeostasis models of insulin resistance (HOMA(IR)), fasting insulin resistance index and β-cell function (HOMA(β-cell)) were calculated at 24 and 48 h after trials.Results:Peak glucose rate of appearance was highest during Hy Ex(20) [8.89 (0.56) mg/kg · min, P < 0.05]. HOMA(IR) and fasting insulin resistance index were improved in the 24 and 48 h after Hy Ex(60) and Hy Ex(40) (P < 0.05). HOMA(IR) decreased 24 h after Hy Ex(20) (P < 0.05) and returned to baseline values at 48 h.Conclusions:Moderate-intensity exercise in hypoxia (Hy Ex(60) and Hy Ex(40)) stimulates acute- and moderate-term improvements in insulin sensitivity that were less apparent in Hy Ex(20). Results suggest that exercise duration and not total work completed has a greater influence on acute and moderate-term glucose control in type 2 diabetics.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Journal citation||97 (1), pp. 155-162|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-1843|