Internal divisions and security cultures: the impact of Turkish membership on the European Union's foreign and security policies

Sandrin, P. 2013. Internal divisions and security cultures: the impact of Turkish membership on the European Union's foreign and security policies. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages

TitleInternal divisions and security cultures: the impact of Turkish membership on the European Union's foreign and security policies
TypePhD thesis
AuthorsSandrin, P.
Abstract

This thesis aims to assess, with the help of the concept of security

culture, the impact that Turkish membership will have on the European Union’s

foreign and security policies. It argues that any analysis of the impact of Turkey on the EU’s role as an international actor needs to take into account existing

divisions within Europe and within Turkey in terms of security culture. Neither

the EU nor Turkey is a monolithic actor when it comes to security

understandings and preferences. This thesis argues that, due to the existence

of a plurality of security cultures within Europe, EU member states can be

grouped according to those supporting the project of a Global Power Europe,

Humanitarian Power Europe and Minimum Power Europe. For its part, Turkey

has two security cultures, which I have called “Republican” and “neo-

Ottomanist”. This thesis argues that an assessment of Turkey’s impact on the

role of the EU in the world stage must take into account the three existing

normative approaches for the future of the EU (Global, Humanitarian, and

Minimum Power Europe) and the characteristics of Turkey’s Republican and

Neo-Ottomanist security cultures. After locating where Turkey’s security

cultures sit in the broader picture of European security landscape, this thesis

concludes that Turkish membership is unlikely to significantly alter the EU’s role in the international system. With or without Turkey, the EU will probably

continue to resemble a Humanitarian Power in the world stage. This finding

makes an important contribution to the literature by challenging the binary logic that pervades the discussion about Turkish membership in the areas of foreign

and security policies and has important implications for EU policy towards

Turkey.

Year2013
FilePaula_SANDRIN.pdf
Publication dates
Completed2013

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