|Title||Miniaturised bandpass filters for wireless communications|
The wireless industry has seen exceptional development over the past few decades due to years of sustained military and commercial enterprise. While the electromagnetic spectrum is becoming increasingly congested, there is a growing tendency to strive for higher bandwidths, faster throughputs, greater versatility, compatibility and interoperability in current and emerging wireless technologies. Consequently, an increasingly stringent specification is imposed upon the frequency utilization of wireless devices.
New challenges are constantly being discovered in the development and realization of RF and microwave filters, which have not only sustained but fuelled microwave filter research over the many years. These developments have encouraged new solutions and techniques for the realization of compact, low loss, highly selective RF and microwave bandpass filters. The theme of this dissertation is the realization of planar compact performance microwave and RF bandpass filters for wireless communication systems. The work may be broadly categorised into three sections as follows.
The first section presents a novel compact planar dual-mode resonator with several interesting and attractive features. Generally, planar microwave dual-mode resonators are known to half the filter footprint. However, it is found that the proposed resonator is capable of achieving further size reductions. In addition the resonator inherently possesses a relatively wide stopband as the lowest spurious harmonic resonance is observed at thrice the fundamental frequency. Properties of this resonator, such as these and more are explored in depth to arrive at an accurate electrical equivalent circuit, which is used as the basis for high order filter design.
The application of these resonators in the design of bandpass filters is the subject of the second section. A general filter design procedure based on the equivalent circuit is presented to assist the design of all-pole filters. Alternatively, it is shown that generalised Chebyshev filters with enhanced selectivity may be developed with cross coupled resonator topologies. The discussions are supplemented with detailed design examples which are accompanied by theoretical, simulated and experimental results in order to illustrate the filter development process and showcase practical filter performance.
The third section explores the possibility of employing these resonators in the development of frequency tunable bandpass filters. Preference is given to varactor diodes as the tuning element due to the numerous qualities of this device in contrast to other schemes. In particular, interest is paid to center frequency tuned filters with constant bandwidth. Tunable filters constructed with the dual-mode resonator are shown to have a relatively wide tuning range as well as significantly higher linearity in comparison to similar published works. In line with the previous section, experimental verification is presented to support and supplement the discussions.