Space-partitioning with cascade-connected ANN structures for positioning in mobile communication systems

Borenović, M. 2010. Space-partitioning with cascade-connected ANN structures for positioning in mobile communication systems. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Electronics and Computer Science

TitleSpace-partitioning with cascade-connected ANN structures for positioning in mobile communication systems
TypePhD thesis
AuthorsBorenović, M.
Abstract

The world around us is getting more connected with each day passing by – new portable

devices employing wireless connections to various networks wherever one might be. Locationaware

computing has become an important bit of telecommunication services and industry. For

this reason, the research efforts on new and improved localisation algorithms are constantly

being performed. Thus far, the satellite positioning systems have achieved highest popularity

and penetration regarding the global position estimation. In spite the numerous investigations

aimed at enabling these systems to equally procure the position in both indoor and outdoor

environments, this is still a task to be completed.

This research work presented herein aimed at improving the state-of-the-art positioning

techniques through the use of two highly popular mobile communication systems: WLAN and

public land mobile networks. These systems already have widely deployed network structures

(coverage) and a vast number of (inexpensive) mobile clients, so using them for additional,

positioning purposes is rational and logical.

First, the positioning in WLAN systems was analysed and elaborated. The indoor test-bed,

used for verifying the models’ performances, covered almost 10,000m2 area. It has been chosen

carefully so that the positioning could be thoroughly explored. The measurement campaigns

performed therein covered the whole of test-bed environment and gave insight into location

dependent parameters available in WLAN networks. Further analysis of the data lead to

developing of positioning models based on ANNs.

The best single ANN model obtained 9.26m average distance error and 7.75m median distance

error. The novel positioning model structure, consisting of cascade-connected ANNs, improved

those results to 8.14m and 4.57m, respectively. To adequately compare the proposed

techniques with other, well-known research techniques, the environment positioning error

parameter was introduced. This parameter enables to take the size of the test environment into

account when comparing the accuracy of the indoor positioning techniques.

Concerning the PLMN positioning, in-depth analysis of available system parameters and

signalling protocols produced a positioning algorithm, capable of fusing the system received

signal strength parameters received from multiple systems and multiple operators. Knowing

that most of the areas are covered by signals from more than one network operator and even

more than one system from one operator, it becomes easy to note the great practical value of

this novel algorithm. On the other hand, an extensive drive-test measurement campaign,

covering more than 600km in the central areas of Belgrade, was performed. Using this algorithm and applying the single ANN models to the recorded measurements, a 59m average

distance error and 50m median distance error were obtained. Moreover, the positioning in

indoor environment was verified and the degradation of performances, due to the crossenvironment

model use, was reported: 105m average distance error and 101m median distance

error.

When applying the new, cascade-connected ANN structure model, distance errors were

reduced to 26m and 2m, for the average and median distance errors, respectively.

The obtained positioning accuracy was shown to be good enough for the implementation of a

broad scope of location based services by using the existing and deployed, commonly

available, infrastructure.

Year2010
FileMilos_BORENOVIC.pdf
Publication dates
Completed2010

Related outputs

Multi-system-multi-operator localization in PLMN using neural networks
Borenović, M., Neskovic, A. and Budimir, D. 2012. Multi-system-multi-operator localization in PLMN using neural networks. International Journal of Communication Systems. 25 (2), pp. 67-83.

Space partitioning strategies for indoor WLAN positioning with cascade-connected ANN structures
Borenović, M., Neskovic, A. and Budimir, D. 2011. Space partitioning strategies for indoor WLAN positioning with cascade-connected ANN structures. International Journal of Neural Systems. 21 (1), pp. 1-15.

Cross-system localization in PLMN using neural networks
Borenović, M., Neskovic, A. and Budimir, D. 2010. Cross-system localization in PLMN using neural networks. in: IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS 2010), 10-14, January 2010, Sheraton hotel, New Orleans, LA IEEE . pp. 168-171

Cascade-connected ANN structures for indoor WLAN positioning
Borenović, M., Neskovic, A. and Budimir, D. 2009. Cascade-connected ANN structures for indoor WLAN positioning. in: Corchado, E. and Yin, H. (ed.) Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning - IDEAL 2009: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, Burgos, Spain, September 23-26, 2009 Springer.

Utilizing artificial neural networks for WLAN positioning
Borenović, M., Neskovic, A., Budimir, D. and Zezelj, L. 2008. Utilizing artificial neural networks for WLAN positioning. IEEE 19th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC'08). Cannes, France 15 - 18 Sep 2008 IEEE .

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/904w7/space-partitioning-with-cascade-connected-ann-structures-for-positioning-in-mobile-communication-systems


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