"The past is still right here in the present": second-generation Bajan-Brit transnational migrants' views on issues relating to race and colour class

Potter, R.B. and Phillips, J. 2008. "The past is still right here in the present": second-generation Bajan-Brit transnational migrants' views on issues relating to race and colour class. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 26 (1), pp. 123-145.

Title"The past is still right here in the present": second-generation Bajan-Brit transnational migrants' views on issues relating to race and colour class
AuthorsPotter, R.B. and Phillips, J.
Abstract

This paper deals with second-generation Barbadians or 'Bajan-Brits', who have decided to 'return' to the birthplace of their parents, focusing on their reactions to matters relating to race relations and racialised identities. The importance of race and the operation of the 'colour-class' system in the Caribbean are established at the outset. Based on fifty-two qualitative in-depth interviews, the paper initially considers the positive things that the second-generation migrants report about living in a majority black country and the salience of such racial affirmation as part of their migration process. The paper then presents an analysis of the narratives provided by the Bajan-Brits concerning their reactions to issues relating to race relations in Barbadian society. The impressions of the young returnees provide clear commentaries on what are regarded as (i) the 'acceptance of white hegemony' within Barbadian society, (ii) the occurrence of de facto 'racial segregation', (iii) perceptions of the 'existence of apartheid', and (iv) 'the continuation of slavery'. The account then turns to the contemporary operation of the colour-class system. It is concluded that, despite academic arguments that the colour-class dimension has to be put to one side as the principal dimension of social stratification in the contemporary Caribbean, the second-generation migrants are acutely aware of the continued existence and salience of such gradations within society. Thus, the analysis not only serves to emphasise the continued importance of racial-based stratification in the contemporary Caribbean, but also speaks of the 'hybrid' and 'in-between' racialised identities of the second-generation migrants.

JournalEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space
Journal citation26 (1), pp. 123-145
ISSN0263-7758
Year2008
PublisherPion
Web address (URL)http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=d80j
Publication dates
Published2008

Related outputs

Impact of BIG funding of community enterprise overseas
Smeaton, D., Hudson, M., Deraniyagala, S., Francavilla, F., Ng, M., Phillips, J. and Salis, S. 2011. Impact of BIG funding of community enterprise overseas. Policy Studies Institute and School of Oriental and African Studies.

Breaking the low-pay, no-pay cycle: Final evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration, DWP Research Report No 765
Hendra, R., Riccio, J.A., Dorsett, R., Greenberg, D., Knight, G., Phillips, J., Robins, P.K., Vegeris, S., Walter, J., Hill, A., Ray, K. and Smith, J. 2011. Breaking the low-pay, no-pay cycle: Final evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration, DWP Research Report No 765. London Department for Work and Pensions.

Migrant workers’ interactions with welfare benefits: a review of recent evidence and its relevance for the tax credits system
Radu, D., Hudson, M. and Phillips, J. 2011. Migrant workers’ interactions with welfare benefits: a review of recent evidence and its relevance for the tax credits system. HM Revenue and Customs.

European migrant workers’ understanding and experience of the tax credits system
Hudson, M., Radu, D. and Phillips, J. 2011. European migrant workers’ understanding and experience of the tax credits system. HM Revenue and Customs.

Breaking the low-pay, no-pay cycle: Final evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration
Hendra, R., Riccio, J.A., Dorsett, R., Greenberg, D., Knight, G., Phillips, J., Robins, P.K., Vegeris, S., Walter, J., Hill, A., Ray, K. and Smith, J. 2011. Breaking the low-pay, no-pay cycle: Final evidence from the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration. Sheffield Department for Work and Pensions.

The influence of outcome-based contracting on Provider-ledPathways to Work
Hudson, M., Phillips, J., Ray, K., Vegeris, S. and Davidson, R. 2010. The influence of outcome-based contracting on Provider-ledPathways to Work. Norwich Department for Work and Pensions.

Quality of life issues and second-generation migration: the case of 'Bajan-Brit returnees'
Phillips, J. and Potter, R.B. 2009. Quality of life issues and second-generation migration: the case of 'Bajan-Brit returnees'. Journal of Population, Space and Place. 15 (3), pp. 239-251.

Questions of friendship and degrees of transnationality among second-generation return migrants to Barbados
Phillips, J. and Potter, R.B. 2009. Questions of friendship and degrees of transnationality among second-generation return migrants to Barbados. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 35 (4), pp. 669-688.

'Rubbing along with the neighbours': everyday interactions in a diverse neighbourhood in the North of England
Hudson, M., Phillips, J. and Ray, K. 2009. 'Rubbing along with the neighbours': everyday interactions in a diverse neighbourhood in the North of England. in: Wise, A. and Velayutham, S. (ed.) Everyday multiculturalism Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 199-215

Belonging and entitlement: shifting discourses of difference in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods in the UK
Ray, K., Hudson, M. and Phillips, J. 2008. Belonging and entitlement: shifting discourses of difference in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods in the UK. in: Petersson, B. and Tyler, K. (ed.) Majority cultures and everyday politics of ethnic difference: whose house is this? Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan.

Female sex tourism In Barbados: a postcolonial perspective
Phillips, J. 2008. Female sex tourism In Barbados: a postcolonial perspective. Brown Journal of World Affairs. 14 (2), pp. 1-12.

Social cohesion in diverse communities
Hudson, M., Phillips, J., Ray, K. and Barnes, H. 2007. Social cohesion in diverse communities. York, UK Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Implementation and first-year impacts of the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration
Dorsett, R., Campbell-Barr, V., Hamilton, G., Hoggart, L., Marsh, A., Miller, C., Phillips, J., Ray, K., Riccio, J.A., Rich, S. and Vegeris, S. 2007. Implementation and first-year impacts of the UK Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) demonstration. Leeds, UK Corporate Document Services.

Ethnic minority perceptions and experiences of Jobcentre Plus
Hudson, M., Barnes, H., Ray, K. and Phillips, J. 2006. Ethnic minority perceptions and experiences of Jobcentre Plus. Leeds, UK Corporate Document Services.

The Employment Retention and Advancement scheme - the early months of implementation: summary and conclusions
Hall, N., Hoggart, L., Marsh, A., Phillips, J., Ray, K. and Vegeris, S. 2005. The Employment Retention and Advancement scheme - the early months of implementation: summary and conclusions. Leeds, UK Corporate Document Services.

The rejuvenation of tourism in Barbados 1993-2003: reflection on the Butler model
Phillips, J. and Potter, R.B. 2004. The rejuvenation of tourism in Barbados 1993-2003: reflection on the Butler model. Geography. 89 (3), pp. 240-247.

Social dynamics of 'foreign born' and 'young' returning nationals to the caribbean: a review of the literature
Phillips, J. and Potter, R.B. 2003. Social dynamics of 'foreign born' and 'young' returning nationals to the caribbean: a review of the literature. University of Reading.

Social dynamics of 'foreign-born' and 'young' returning nationals to the Caribbean: outline of a research project
Phillips, J. and Potter, R.B. 2002. Social dynamics of 'foreign-born' and 'young' returning nationals to the Caribbean: outline of a research project. London, UK Royal Holloway, University of London.

The beach boy of Barbados: the post-colonial entrepreneur
Phillips, J. 2002. The beach boy of Barbados: the post-colonial entrepreneur. in: Thorbek, S. and Pattanaik, B. (ed.) Transnational prostitution: changing patterns in a global context London, UK Zed Books. pp. 42-56

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/917q5/-the-past-is-still-right-here-in-the-present-second-generation-bajan-brit-transnational-migrants-views-on-issues-relating-to-race-and-colour-class


Share this
Tweet
Email