Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds

Ballieux, H., Wass, S., Tomalski, P., Kushnerenko, E., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M.H. and Moore, D.G. 2016. Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 43, pp. 8-17.

TitleApplying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds
AuthorsBallieux, H., Wass, S., Tomalski, P., Kushnerenko, E., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M.H. and Moore, D.G.
Abstract

Even in infancy children from low-SES backgrounds differ in frontal cortex functioning and, by the start of preschool, they frequently show poor performance on executive functions including attention control. These
differences may causally mediate later difficulties in academic learning. Here, we present a study to assess the feasibility of using computerized paradigms to train attention control in infants, delivered weekly over five sessions in early intervention centres for low-SES families. Thirty-three 12-month-old infants were recruited, of whom 23 completed the training. Our results showed the feasibility of repeat-visit cognitive training within community settings. Training-related improvements were found, relative to active controls, on tasks assessing visual sustained attention, saccadic reaction time, and rule learning, whereas trend improvements were found on assessments of short-term memory. No significant improvements were found in task switching. These results warrant further investigation into the potential of this method for targeting ‘at-risk’ infants in community settings.

KeywordsCognitive Training
Attention Training
Early Development
Socioeconomic Status
Community Settings
Infant
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Journal citation43, pp. 8-17
ISSN0193-3973
Year2016
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscriptManuscript_Ref_JADP_D_15_00024R1.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2015.12.005
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2015.12.005
Publication dates
Published09 Jan 2016

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