The Effect of Bilingualism on Executive Functioning Found in Young Adults: an eye-tracking study

Pshonkovskaya, Polina and Ballieux, Haiko 2021. The Effect of Bilingualism on Executive Functioning Found in Young Adults: an eye-tracking study. New Psychological Research. 1 (4), pp. 47-70. https://doi.org/10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_04_03

TitleThe Effect of Bilingualism on Executive Functioning Found in Young Adults: an eye-tracking study
TypeJournal article
AuthorsPshonkovskaya, Polina and Ballieux, Haiko
Abstract

The effect of bilingualism on executive functioning (EF) has long been a topic of discussion across the psycholinguistic field. It was previously assumed that acquiring two languages simultaneously may have an effect on the child’s cognitive development. This claim was later rejected and opposed by researchers who found that being fluent in two languages provides more cognitive benefits, than being fluent just in one language. Furthermore, neural processing in a bilingual brain influences several cognitive domains that were introduced by Miyake and Friedman’s framework, which explains the high inter-connectivity between specific executive functioning domains, such as inhibiting, monitoring, and updating. Aims and Methods: The current paper focused on establishing whether being bilingual aids executive functioning in a young adult population. Both monolingual (N = 16) and bilingual (N = 14) participants were tested on a number of cognitive tests. An eye-tracker was used to test inhibitory control, using pro- and anti-saccade conditions. Further, a multitasking and visuospatial working memory capacity task were completed using the press-pad. It was hypothesized that bilinguals will make less errors and initiate a faster response in comparison with monolinguals. However, no significant bilingual cognitive advantage was found in the three EFs components. However, bilinguals did initiate a saccade response faster in the inhibitory control task, while maintaining the same level of accuracy as the monolingual group. Future research should focus on improving the current paper design flaws as well as to include questionnaires for SES and IQ.

JournalNew Psychological Research
Journal citation1 (4), pp. 47-70
ISSN2782-2184
Year2021
PublisherCognition and Experience, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.51217/npsyresearch_2021_01_04_03
Web address (URL)http://newpsyresearches.ru/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/npr_2021_4_pshonkovskaya-p._ballieux-h..pdf
Publication dates
Published28 Dec 2021

Related outputs

The precision of the human hand: variability in pinch strength and manual dexterity
Bardo, A., Town, K., Kivell, T.L., Donati, G., Ballieux, H., Stamate, C., Edington, T. and Forrester, G.S. 2022. The precision of the human hand: variability in pinch strength and manual dexterity . Symmetry. 14 (1), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010071

The Precision of the Human Hand: Variability in Pinch Strength and Manual Dexterity
Bardo, A., Town, Katie, Kivell, Tracy L., Donati, Georgina, Ballieux, H., Stamate, C., Edginton, T. and Forrester, Gillian S. 2022. The Precision of the Human Hand: Variability in Pinch Strength and Manual Dexterity. Symmetry. 14 (1) e71. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym14010071

Get a grip: variation in human hand grip strength and implications for human evolution
Bardo, A., Kivell, T.L., Town, K., Ballieux, H., Donati, G., Stamate, C., Edginton, T. and Forrester, G.S. 2021. Get a grip: variation in human hand grip strength and implications for human evolution. Symmetry. 13 (7) 1142. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13071142

Efficiency of scanning and attention to faces in infancy independently predict language development in a multiethnic and bilingual sample of 2-year-olds
Lopez Perez, D., Tomalski, P., Radkowska, A., Ballieux, H., Moore, D.G., Kushnerenko, E., Birtles, D., Johnson, M.H. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. 2021. Efficiency of scanning and attention to faces in infancy independently predict language development in a multiethnic and bilingual sample of 2-year-olds. First Language. 41 (2), pp. 218-239. https://doi.org/10.1177/0142723720966815

Beyond fixation durations: Recurrence quantification analysis reveals spatiotemporal dynamics of infant visual scanning
Lopez Perez, D., Radkowska, A., Raczaszek-Leonardi, J., Tomalski, P., Ballieux, H., Kushnerenko, E., Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Birtles, D. and Moore, D.G. 2018. Beyond fixation durations: Recurrence quantification analysis reveals spatiotemporal dynamics of infant visual scanning. Journal of Vision. 18 (13), pp. 1-17 5. https://doi.org/10.1167/18.13.5

Separating the effects of ethnicity and socio-economic status on sleep practices of 6- to 7-month-old infants
Tomalski, P., Moore, D.G., Ballieux, H., Kushnerenko, E., Johnson, M.H. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. 2016. Separating the effects of ethnicity and socio-economic status on sleep practices of 6- to 7-month-old infants. Learning & Individual Differences. 46, pp. 64-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.12.028

Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds
Ballieux, H., Wass, S., Tomalski, P., Kushnerenko, E., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M.H. and Moore, D.G. 2016. Applying gaze-contingent training within community settings to infants from diverse SES backgrounds. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 43, pp. 8-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2015.12.005

Feasibility of undertaking off-site infant eye-tracking assessments of neuro-cognitive functioning in early-intervention centres
Ballieux, H., Haiko, Tomalski, P., Kushnerenko, E., Johnson, M.H., Karmiloff-Smith, A. and Moore, D.G. 2016. Feasibility of undertaking off-site infant eye-tracking assessments of neuro-cognitive functioning in early-intervention centres . Infant and Child Development. 25 (1), pp. 95-113. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.1914

Brain responses to audiovisual speech mismatch in infants are associated with individual differences in looking behaviour
Kushnerenko, E., Tomalski, P., Ballieux, H., Ribeiro, H., Potton, A., Axelsson, E.L., Murphy, E. and Moore, D.G. 2013. Brain responses to audiovisual speech mismatch in infants are associated with individual differences in looking behaviour. European Journal of Neuroscience. 38 (9), pp. 3363-3369. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.12317

Exploring early developmental changes in face scanning patterns during the perception of audiovisual mismatch of speech cues
Tomalski, P., Ribeiro, H., Ballieux, H., Axelsson, E.L., Murphy, E., Moore, D.G. and Kushnerenko, E. 2013. Exploring early developmental changes in face scanning patterns during the perception of audiovisual mismatch of speech cues. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 10 (5), pp. 611-624. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2012.728076

Brain responses and looking behavior during audiovisual speech integration in infants predict auditory speech comprehension in the second year of life
Kushnerenko, E., Tomalski, P., Ballieux, H., Potton, A., Birtles, D., Frostick, C. and Moore, D.G. 2013. Brain responses and looking behavior during audiovisual speech integration in infants predict auditory speech comprehension in the second year of life. Frontiers in Psychology. 4 432. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00432

Water consumption, not expectancies about water consumption, affects cognitive performance in adults
Edmonds, C.J., Crombie, R., Ballieux, H., Gardner, M. and Dawkins, L. 2013. Water consumption, not expectancies about water consumption, affects cognitive performance in adults. Appetite. 60, pp. 148-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2012.10.016

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/vwxy6/the-effect-of-bilingualism-on-executive-functioning-found-in-young-adults-an-eye-tracking-study


Share this

Usage statistics

8 total views
0 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.