Making an effort to feel positive: insecure attachment in infancy predicts the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation in adulthood

Moutsiana, C., Fearon, P., Murray, L., Cooper, P., Goodyer, I., Johnstone, T. and Halligan, S. 2014. Making an effort to feel positive: insecure attachment in infancy predicts the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation in adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 55 (9), pp. 999-1008. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12198

TitleMaking an effort to feel positive: insecure attachment in infancy predicts the neural underpinnings of emotion regulation in adulthood
TypeJournal article
AuthorsMoutsiana, C., Fearon, P., Murray, L., Cooper, P., Goodyer, I., Johnstone, T. and Halligan, S.
Abstract

Background

Animal research indicates that the neural substrates of emotion regulation may be persistently altered by early environmental exposures. If similar processes operate in human development then this is significant, as the capacity to regulate emotional states is fundamental to human adaptation.
Methods

We utilised a 22-year longitudinal study to examine the influence of early infant attachment to the mother, a key marker of early experience, on neural regulation of emotional states in young adults. Infant attachment status was measured via objective assessment at 18-months, and the neural underpinnings of the active regulation of affect were studied using fMRI at age 22 years.
Results

Infant attachment status at 18-months predicted neural responding during the regulation of positive affect 20-years later. Specifically, while attempting to up-regulate positive emotions, adults who had been insecurely versus securely attached as infants showed greater activation in prefrontal regions involved in cognitive control and reduced co-activation of nucleus accumbens with prefrontal cortex, consistent with relative inefficiency in the neural regulation of positive affect.
Conclusions

Disturbances in the mother–infant relationship may persistently alter the neural circuitry of emotion regulation, with potential implications for adjustment in adulthood.

JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Journal citation55 (9), pp. 999-1008
ISSN0021-9630
Year2014
PublisherWiley
Publisher's version
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/jcpp.12198
Publication dates
Published online08 Jan 2014
Published in printSep 2014
Published08 Jan 2014
LicenseCC BY 3.0

Related outputs

Social Conformity in Autism
Lazzaro, S.C., Weidinger, L., Cooper, R.A., Baron‑Cohen, S., Moutsiana, C. and Sharot, T. 2019. Social Conformity in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 49 (3), p. 1304–1315. doi:10.1007/s10803-018-3809-1

Unexplained progressive visual field loss in the presence of normal retinotopic maps
Moutsiana, C., Soliman, R., de Wit, L., James-Galton, M., Sereno, M.I., Plant, G.T. and Schwarzkopf, D.S. 2018. Unexplained progressive visual field loss in the presence of normal retinotopic maps. Frontiers in Psychology. 9, p. 1722. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01722

Amygdala volume and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity to social stress
Barry, T.J., Murray, L., Fearon, P., Moutsiana, C., Johnstone, T. and Halligan, S.L. 2017. Amygdala volume and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity to social stress . Psychoneuroendocrinology. 85, pp. 96-99. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.07.487

Intersession reliability of population receptive field estimates
van Dijk, J.A., de Haas, B., Moutsiana, C. and Schwarzkopf, D.S. 2017. Intersession reliability of population receptive field estimates. NeuroImage. 143, pp. 293-303. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.09.013

Altered engagement of autobiographical memory networks in adult offspring of postnatally depressed mothers
Macdonald, B., Murray, L., Moutsiana, C., Fearon, P., Cooper, P.J., Halligan, S.L. and Johnstone, T. 2016. Altered engagement of autobiographical memory networks in adult offspring of postnatally depressed mothers. Biological Psychology. 118, pp. 147-153. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.05.006

Cortical idiosyncrasies predict the perception of object size
Moutsiana, C., de Haas, B., Papageorgiou, A., van Dijk, J.A., Balraj, A., Greenwood, J.A. and Schwarzkopf, D.S. 2016. Cortical idiosyncrasies predict the perception of object size. Nature Communications . 7 (12210). doi:10.1038/ncomms12110

Maternal postnatal depression predicts altered offspring biological stress reactivity in adulthood
Barry, T.J., Murray, L., Pasco Fearon, R.M., Moutsiana, C., Cooper, P., Goodyer, I.M., Herbert, J. and Halligan, S.L. 2015. Maternal postnatal depression predicts altered offspring biological stress reactivity in adulthood. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 52, pp. 251-260. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.12.003

Insecure attachment during infancy predicts greater amygdala volumes in early adulthood
Moutsiana, C., Johnstone, T., Murray, L., Fearon, P., Cooper, P.J., Pliatsikas, C., Goodyer, I. and Halligan, S.L. 2015. Insecure attachment during infancy predicts greater amygdala volumes in early adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 56 (5). doi:10.1111/jcpp.12317

The effect of flavanol-rich cocoa on cerebral perfusion in healthy older adults during conscious resting state: a placebo controlled, crossover, acute trial
Lamport, D.J., Pal, D., Moutsiana, C., Field, D.T., Williams, C.M., Spencer, J.P.E. and Butler, L.T. 2015. The effect of flavanol-rich cocoa on cerebral perfusion in healthy older adults during conscious resting state: a placebo controlled, crossover, acute trial. Psychopharmacology. 232 (17), p. 3227–3234. doi:10.1007/s00213-015-3972-4

Human Frontal–Subcortical Circuit and Asymmetric Belief Updating
Moutsiana, C., Charpentier, C.J., Garrett, N., Cohen, M.X. and Sharot, T. 2015. Human Frontal–Subcortical Circuit and Asymmetric Belief Updating. Journal of Neuroscience. 35 (42), pp. 14077-14085. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1120-15.2015

The brain's temporal dynamics from a collective decision to individual action
Charpentier, C.J., Moutsiana, C., Garrett, N. and Sharot, T. 2014. The brain's temporal dynamics from a collective decision to individual action. Journal of Neuroscience. 34 (17), pp. 5816-5823. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4107-13.2014

Human development of the ability to learn from bad news
Moutsiana, C., Garrett, N., Clarke, R.C., Lotto, R.B., Blakemore, S.J. and Sharot, T. 2013. Human development of the ability to learn from bad news. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110 (41), pp. 16396-16401. doi:10.1073/pnas.1305631110

The neural basis of centre-surround interactions in visual motion processing
Moutsiana, C., Field, D.T. and Harris, J.P. 2011. The neural basis of centre-surround interactions in visual motion processing. PLoS ONE. 6 (7), p. e22902. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022902

Dissociating vision and visual attention in the human pulvinar
Smith, A.T., Cotton, P.L., Bruno, A. and Moutsiana, C. 2009. Dissociating vision and visual attention in the human pulvinar. Journal of Neurophysiology. 101 (2), pp. 917-925. doi:10.1152/jn.90963.2008

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q0y8z/making-an-effort-to-feel-positive-insecure-attachment-in-infancy-predicts-the-neural-underpinnings-of-emotion-regulation-in-adulthood


Share this
Tweet
Email

Usage statistics

23 total views
26 total downloads
1 views this month
0 downloads this month
These values are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created

Export as