The Significance of Deaf Identity for Psychological Well-Being

Chapman, M. and Dammeyer, J. 2017. The Significance of Deaf Identity for Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 22 (2), pp. 187-194. doi:10.1093/deafed/enw073

TitleThe Significance of Deaf Identity for Psychological Well-Being
AuthorsChapman, M. and Dammeyer, J.
Abstract

Research has paid attention to how deaf identity affects life outcomes such as psychological well-being. However, studies are often carried out with small samples and without controlling for other variables. This study examined how different forms of identity—deaf, hearing, bicultural (deaf and hearing), and marginal (neither deaf nor hearing)—were associated with levels of psychological well-being and a number of other variables. The sample was 742 adults with hearing loss in Denmark. The study found that those with a deaf, hearing or bicultural identity had significantly higher levels of psychological well-being than those with a marginal identity. Further, it found that additional disability, educational level, and feeling discriminated against significantly and independently explained the degree of psychological well-being. Results are discussed here with respect to social identity theory and current deaf identity themes.

KeywordsDeaf identity
hearing loss
psychological well-being
social identity theory
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Journal citation22 (2), pp. 187-194
ISSN1081-4159
Year2017
PublisherOxford University Press
Accepted author manuscriptDeaf identity and well-being_accepted manu.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1093/deafed/enw073
Publication dates
Published in print01 Apr 2017
Published online23 Nov 2016
Published23 Nov 2016

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