Managing frame diversity in environmental participatory processes: Example from Fogera woreda, Ethiopia

Hassenforder, E., Brugnach, M., Cullen, B., Ferrand, N., Barreteau, O., Daniell, K. and Pittock, J. 2016. Managing frame diversity in environmental participatory processes: Example from Fogera woreda, Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Management. 177, pp. 288 - 297. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.03.052

TitleManaging frame diversity in environmental participatory processes: Example from Fogera woreda, Ethiopia
AuthorsHassenforder, E., Brugnach, M., Cullen, B., Ferrand, N., Barreteau, O., Daniell, K. and Pittock, J.
Abstract

Many participatory processes fail to generate social change and collaborative outcomes. This failure can partly be explained by how divergent stakeholders' frames are handled. This paper builds on the framing and participation literature to explain how facilitators can manage frame diversity and foster collaborative outcomes. It suggests two pragmatic steps: identifying frames and managing frames. The two steps are applied to a participatory process for natural resource management in Fogera, Ethiopia. Effectiveness of facilitators’ strategies to manage frame diversity in the Fogera case is discussed. Two main elements challenging effectiveness are identified: counter-strategies used by facilitators and most-powerful stakeholders, and the constraining factors knowledge, champions and frame sponsorship. We argue that these elements need to be taken into account by participatory process facilitators when managing frame diversity.

KeywordsAfrica, Ambiguity, Collaborative processes, Framing, Meaning, Participation
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Journal citation177, pp. 288 - 297
ISSN0301-4797
Year2016
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.03.052
Publication dates
Published22 Apr 2016

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