Economy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain

Saridakis, G., Mohammed, A.M., Garcia-Iglesias, J.M. and Muñoz Torres, R.I. 2018. Economy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain. Journal of Family and Economic Issues. 39 (3), pp. 422-435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-018-9575-6

TitleEconomy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain
TypeJournal article
AuthorsSaridakis, G., Mohammed, A.M., Garcia-Iglesias, J.M. and Muñoz Torres, R.I.
Abstract

The paper used time-series data and examined the effect of economic and social variables on the male and female self-employment rates in Spain. We also employed cointegration analysis (with and without) structural breaks. We thus find strong evidence that long run relationships exist among the variables. More precisely, we find that the unemployment rates and the ratio of self-employment to employees’ earnings have a positive effect on self-employment, whereas, economic development and divorce rates have a negative effect. Importantly, we find that the economic variables have equal or stronger long run impact on females than males, with both groups reacting to changes in family circumstances. Finally, we show that the short run family circumstances are better predictors of self-employment choices rather than economic factors, with self-employment being a means of adjustment to new personal circumstances and economic needs.

KeywordsSelf-employment, Economy, Divorce, Gender, Spain, Cointegration
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Journal citation39 (3), pp. 422-435
ISSN1058-0476
Year2018
PublisherSpringer
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-018-9575-6
Publication dates
Published online14 May 2018
Published14 May 2018
Published in printSep 2018

Related outputs

Impact of Covid-19 Policies on Women Self-employment Rates: An Integrated Conceptual Framework
Abubakar, Y. A., Saridakis, G., Litsardopoulos, N., Muñoz Torres, R.I., Sookram, S. and Hosein, R. 2023. Impact of Covid-19 Policies on Women Self-employment Rates: An Integrated Conceptual Framework. International Review of Entrepreneurship. 21 (1), pp. 1-34 1691.

From subsistence farming to agribusiness and nonfarm entrepreneurship: Does it improve economic conditions and well-being?
Saridakis, G., Georgellis, Y., Muñoz Torres, R.I., Mohammed, A-M. and Blackburn, R. 2021. From subsistence farming to agribusiness and nonfarm entrepreneurship: Does it improve economic conditions and well-being? Journal of Business Research. 136, pp. 567-579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.07.037

Do regional self-employment rates converge in the UK? Empirical evidence using club-clustering algorithm
Saridakis, G., Mendoza, M.A., Hand C. and Muñoz Torres, R.I. 2020. Do regional self-employment rates converge in the UK? Empirical evidence using club-clustering algorithm. The Annals of Regional Science. 65, pp. 179-192. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-020-00979-3

Exploring the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment: An instrumental variable approach
Saridakis, G., Lai, Y., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Gourlay, S. 2020. Exploring the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment: An instrumental variable approach. International Journal of Human Resource Management. 31 (13), pp. 1739-1769. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1423100

Monetary Policy Rules with PID Control Features: Evidence from the UK, USA and EU
Shepherd, D., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Saridakis, G. 2019. Monetary Policy Rules with PID Control Features: Evidence from the UK, USA and EU. International Review of Applied Economics. 33 (6), pp. 737-755 CIRA-2018-0245. https://doi.org/10.1080/02692171.2019.1585766

Do self-employment rates converge? Evidence from European OECD countries
Saridakis, G., Mendoza, M.A., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Hand, C. 2018. Do self-employment rates converge? Evidence from European OECD countries. Journal of Common Market Studies. 57 (3), pp. 551-562. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12834

Actual and Intended Growth in Family Firms and Non-Family Owned Firm: Are They Different?
Saridakis, G., Lai, Y., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Mohammed, A.M. 2018. Actual and Intended Growth in Family Firms and Non-Family Owned Firm: Are They Different? Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 5 (1), pp. 2-21 602747. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-04-2017-0033

Economic Growth and Regional Integration in Mexico
Shepherd, D., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Mendoza, M.A. 2017. Economic Growth and Regional Integration in Mexico. Economic Issues. 22 (1), pp. 89-110.

The Relationship between Self-employment and Unemployment in the Long-Run: A Panel Cointegration Approach Allowing For Breaks
Saridakis, G., Mendoza, M.A., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Glover, J. 2016. The Relationship between Self-employment and Unemployment in the Long-Run: A Panel Cointegration Approach Allowing For Breaks . Journal of Economic Studies. 43 (3), pp. 358-379. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-11-2013-0169

Regional Output Growth and the Impact of Macroeconomic Shocks in Mexico
Shepherd, D., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Mendoza, M.A. 2014. Regional Output Growth and the Impact of Macroeconomic Shocks in Mexico. International Review of Applied Economics . 28 (3), pp. 293-210. https://doi.org/10.1080/02692171.2013.872083

Inflation targeting and the consistency of monetary policy decisions in Mexico: an empirical analysis with discrete choice models
Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Shepherd, D. 2014. Inflation targeting and the consistency of monetary policy decisions in Mexico: an empirical analysis with discrete choice models. The Manchester School. 82 (S2), pp. 21-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/manc.12039

Do human resource practices enhance organizational commitment in SMEs with low employee satisfaction?
Saridakis, G., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Johnstone, S. 2013. Do human resource practices enhance organizational commitment in SMEs with low employee satisfaction? British Journal of Management. 24 (3), pp. 445-458. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8551.2012.00814.x

Did the Bank of Mexico follow a systematic behaviour in its transition to an inflation targeting regime?
Garcia-Iglesias, J.M., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Saridakis, G. 2013. Did the Bank of Mexico follow a systematic behaviour in its transition to an inflation targeting regime? Applied Financial Economics. 23 (14), pp. 1205-1213. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603107.2013.799755

The effect of the exchange rates on investment in Mexican manufacturing industry
Caglayan, M. and Muñoz Torres, R.I. 2011. The effect of the exchange rates on investment in Mexican manufacturing industry. Open Economies Review. 22 (4), pp. 669-683. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11079-010-9166-0

Economic growth and regional integration in Mexico
Shepherd, D., Muñoz Torres, R.I. and Mendoza, M.A. 2011. Economic growth and regional integration in Mexico. in: Muralidhar Rao, N.V. (ed.) Proceedings of the Annual International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Economics Research (QQE 2011) Singapore Global Science & Technology Forum. pp. Q31-Q37

Inflation Targeting in Emerging Economies: A Comparative Sacrifice Ratio Analysis
Muñoz Torres, R.I. 2005. Inflation Targeting in Emerging Economies: A Comparative Sacrifice Ratio Analysis. in: Motamen-Samadian, S. (ed.) Dynamic Models and Their Applications in Emerging and Global Markets Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 77-108

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q5823/economy-and-divorces-their-impact-over-time-on-the-self-employment-rates-in-spain


Share this

Usage statistics

130 total views
206 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.