Economy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain

Saridakis, G., Mohammed, A.M., Garcia-Iglesias, J.M. and Muñoz Torres, R.I. 2018. Economy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain. Journal of Family and Economic Issues. 39 (3), pp. 422-435. doi:10.1007/s10834-018-9575-6

TitleEconomy and Divorces: Their impact over time on the Self-Employment Rates in Spain
TypeJournal article
AuthorsSaridakis, G., Mohammed, A.M., Garcia-Iglesias, J.M. and Muñoz Torres, R.I.
Abstract

The paper used time-series data and examined the effect of economic and social variables on the male and female self-employment rates in Spain. We also employed cointegration analysis (with and without) structural breaks. We thus find strong evidence that long run relationships exist among the variables. More precisely, we find that the unemployment rates and the ratio of self-employment to employees’ earnings have a positive effect on self-employment, whereas, economic development and divorce rates have a negative effect. Importantly, we find that the economic variables have equal or stronger long run impact on females than males, with both groups reacting to changes in family circumstances. Finally, we show that the short run family circumstances are better predictors of self-employment choices rather than economic factors, with self-employment being a means of adjustment to new personal circumstances and economic needs.

KeywordsSelf-employment, Economy, Divorce, Gender, Spain, Cointegration
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Journal citation39 (3), pp. 422-435
ISSN1058-0476
Year2018
PublisherSpringer
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s10834-018-9575-6
Publication dates
Published online14 May 2018
Published14 May 2018
Published in printSep 2018

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