“Patchy Patriarchy” and the Shifting Fortunes of the CCP's Promise of Gender Equality since 1921

Evans, Harriet 2021. “Patchy Patriarchy” and the Shifting Fortunes of the CCP's Promise of Gender Equality since 1921. The China Quarterly. 248 (S1), pp. 95 - 115. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305741021000709

Title“Patchy Patriarchy” and the Shifting Fortunes of the CCP's Promise of Gender Equality since 1921
TypeJournal article
AuthorsEvans, Harriet
Abstract

The CCP's commitment to gender equality since 1921 has produced vast gains in employment and education for countless women while overlooking established gender hierarchies in family life. Long-term research in Beijing reveals that crossing class, sectoral and generational differences, there is an apparent paradox between women's increasing access to education and employment and their abiding attachment to ideas and practices associated with their roles as wives, mothers and daughters-in-law. A reconfigured “patchy” form of patriarchy is sustained by a dominant discourse of gender difference that naturalizes women's association with the domestic sphere. Unprecedented engagements with international feminism after 1995 introduced new approaches to gender equality. Recently, young feminists from diverse backgrounds have launched public protests targeting expectations of women in marriage and family life, marking a contestation of previous articulations of gender equality. Online platforms are flooded with exchanges about women's empowerment in a market environment that grants them considerable leverage to manage their marital and domestic relationships. The focus of this new generation of feminists on social reproduction signifies a radical departure from the classical Marxist principles underpinning earlier approaches to women's emancipation. Nevertheless, a “patchy patriarchy” continues to characterize widely held gender assumptions and expectations, spanning class and sectoral difference.

KeywordsChina
Beijing
Dashalar
gender equality
patriarchy
feminism
JournalThe China Quarterly
Journal citation248 (S1), pp. 95 - 115
ISSN0305-7410 (Print), 1468-2648 (Online)
Year2021
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305741021000709
Publication dates
Published online11 Aug 2021

Related outputs

Patriarchal investments: expectations of male authority and support in a poor Beijing neighborhood
Evans, H. 2017. Patriarchal investments: expectations of male authority and support in a poor Beijing neighborhood. in: Santos, G. and Harrell, S. (ed.) Transforming Patriarchy: Chinese Families in the 21st Century Seattle, USA University of Washington Press. pp. 182-199

Ambiguities of address: Cultural Revolution posters and their post-Mao appeal
Evans, H. 2016. Ambiguities of address: Cultural Revolution posters and their post-Mao appeal. in: Li, Jie and Zhang, E. (ed.) Red Legacies in China: Cultural Afterlives of the Communist Revolution Harvard University, Asia Center. pp. 87-114

Reconceptualising heritage: museums, development and shifting dynamics of power
Evans, H. and Rowlands, M. 2015. Reconceptualising heritage: museums, development and shifting dynamics of power. in: Basu, P. and Modest, W. (ed.) Museums, heritage and international development London Routledge. pp. 272-294

Neglect of a neighbourhood: oral accounts of life in ‘old Beijing’ since the eve of the People's Republic
Evans, H. 2014. Neglect of a neighbourhood: oral accounts of life in ‘old Beijing’ since the eve of the People's Republic. Urban History. 41 (4), pp. 686-704. https://doi.org/10.1017/S096392681300076X

The intimate individual: perspectives from the mother-daughter relationship in urban China
Evans, H. 2012. The intimate individual: perspectives from the mother-daughter relationship in urban China. in: Kipnis, A.B. (ed.) Chinese modernity and the individual psyche Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 119-148

Guo Yuhua: narratives of the "sufferer" as historical testimony
Evans, H. 2012. Guo Yuhua: narratives of the "sufferer" as historical testimony. in: Dirlik, A., Li, G. and Yen, H.P. (ed.) Sociology and anthropology in twentieth-century China: between universalism and indigenism Hong Kong Chinese University Press.

The gender of communication: changing expectations of mothers and daughters in urban China
Evans, H. 2010. The gender of communication: changing expectations of mothers and daughters in urban China. China Quarterly. 204, pp. 980-999. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305741010001050

Sexuality
Evans, H. 2009. Sexuality. in: Pong, D. (ed.) Encyclopedia of modern China New York Charles Scribner's Sons.

Lens on loss of a neighbourhood: a photographer's record of the transformation of 'old Beijing'
Evans, H. 2009. Lens on loss of a neighbourhood: a photographer's record of the transformation of 'old Beijing'. Uncertain Futures: Planning, Temporality and Globalisation. Edinburgh University March 2009

Introduction: discourses of sexuality since 1949
Evans, H. 2009. Introduction: discourses of sexuality since 1949. in: Edwards, L. and Roces, M. (ed.) Women in Asia, Vol 1: women and polictical power London Routledge. pp. 76-110

Sexed bodies, sexualised identities, and the limits of gender
Evans, H. 2008. Sexed bodies, sexualised identities, and the limits of gender. China Information. 22 (2), pp. 361-386. https://doi.org/10.1177/0920203X08091550

Gender in modern Chinese culture
Evans, H. 2008. Gender in modern Chinese culture. in: Louie, K. (ed.) Cambridge companion to modern Chinese culture Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press. pp. 68-90

Conflicted times, conflicted places: an oral history of social change in 'old Beijing'
Evans, H. 2008. Conflicted times, conflicted places: an oral history of social change in 'old Beijing'. Research Councils UK/Zhongshan University Advanced Summer School in Historical Anthropology. Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, PRC July 2008

"Bitter Labour": demolition and development in 'south Beijing'
Evans, H. 2008. "Bitter Labour": demolition and development in 'south Beijing'. SOAS Politics Department Seminar Series. SOAS Feb 2008

The impossibility of gender in narratives of China's modernity
Evans, H. 2007. The impossibility of gender in narratives of China's modernity. Radical Philosophy. 146, pp. 27-39.

The subject of gender: daughters and mothers in urban China
Evans, H. 2007. The subject of gender: daughters and mothers in urban China. Lanham, MD, USA Rowman & Littlefield.

Fashion and feminine consumption
Evans, H. 2006. Fashion and feminine consumption. in: Latham, K., Thompson, S. and Klein, J. (ed.) Consuming China: approaches to cultural change in contemporary China London, UK Routledge.

The language of liberation: gender and jiefang in early Chinese Communist Party discourse
Evans, H. 2003. The language of liberation: gender and jiefang in early Chinese Communist Party discourse. in: Wasserstrom, J.N. (ed.) Twentieth-century China: new approaches London, UK Routledge. pp. 193-220

Sex and the open market
Evans, H. 2002. Sex and the open market. in: Weeks, J., Holland, J. and Waites, M. (ed.) Sexualities and society: a reader Cambridge, UK Polity Press. pp. 216-226

Past, perfect or imperfect: changing images of the ideal wife
Evans, H. 2002. Past, perfect or imperfect: changing images of the ideal wife. in: Brownell, S. and Wasserstrom, J.N. (ed.) Chinese femininities/Chinese masculinities: a reader Berkeley, USA University of California Press.

What colour is beautiful hair? Subjective interventions and global fashions in the cultural production of gender in urban China
Evans, H. 2001. What colour is beautiful hair? Subjective interventions and global fashions in the cultural production of gender in urban China. Figurationen: gender - literatur - kultur. 2/01, pp. 117-132.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/vx508/-patchy-patriarchy-and-the-shifting-fortunes-of-the-ccp-s-promise-of-gender-equality-since-1921


Share this

Usage statistics

13 total views
2 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.