A digital life-cycle management framework for sustainable smart manufacturing in energy intensive industries

Kaniappan Chinnathai, M. and Alkan, B. 2023. A digital life-cycle management framework for sustainable smart manufacturing in energy intensive industries. Journal of Cleaner Production. 419 138259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138259

TitleA digital life-cycle management framework for sustainable smart manufacturing in energy intensive industries
TypeJournal article
AuthorsKaniappan Chinnathai, M. and Alkan, B.
Abstract

Energy intensive industries can be classified into those that process metal, glass, ceramics, paper, cement, and bulk chemicals. They are associated with significantly high proportions of carbon emissions, consume a lot of energy and raw materials, and cause energy wastage as a result of heat escaping from furnaces, reheating of products, and rejection of parts. In alignment with UN sustainable development goals of industry, innovation, infrastructure and responsible consumption and production, it is important to ensure that the energy consumption of EIIs are monitored and reduced such that their energy efficiency can be improved. Towards this aim, it is possible to employ the concepts of digitalization and smart manufacturing to identify the critical areas of improvement and establish enablers that can help improve the energy efficiency. The aim of this research is to review the current state of digitalisation in energy-intensive industries and propose a framework to support the realisation of sustainable smart manufacturing in Energy Intensive Industries (EIIs). The key objectives of the work are (i) the investigation of process mining and simulation modelling to support sustainability, (ii) embedding intelligence in EIIs to improve energy and material efficiency and (iii) proposing a framework to enable the digital transformation of EIIs. The proposed five-layer framework employs data acquisition, process management, simulation & modelling, artificial intelligence, and data visualisation to identify and forecast energy consumption. A detailed description of the various phases of the framework and how they can be used to support sustainability and smart manufacturing is demonstrated using business process data obtained from a machining industry. In the demonstrated case study, the process management layer utilises Disco for process mining, the simulation layer utilises Matlab SimEvent for discrete-event simulation, the artificial intelligence layer utilises Matlab for energy prediction and the visualisation layer utilises grafana to dashboard the e-KPIs. The findings of the research indicate that the proposed digital life-cycle framework helps EIIs realise sustainable smart manufacturing through better understanding of the energy-intensive processes. The study also provided a better understanding of the integration of process mining and simulation & modelling within the context of EIIs.

Article number138259
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Journal citation419
ISSN0959-6526
1879-1786
Year2023
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-NC 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138259
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.138259
Publication dates
Published online27 Jul 2023
Published in print20 Sep 2023

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