What interventions increase active travel?

Eleanor Roaf, Emma R. Lawlor and Harriet Larrington-Spencer 2024. What interventions increase active travel? in: Mindell, J.S. and Watkins, S.J. (ed.) Health on the Move 3: The Reviews Elsevier. pp. 89-143

Chapter titleWhat interventions increase active travel?
AuthorsEleanor Roaf, Emma R. Lawlor and Harriet Larrington-Spencer
EditorsMindell, J.S. and Watkins, S.J.
Abstract

This is a systematic literature review of recent evidence for a broad range of interventions aiming to increase active travel, such as infrastructure or environmental changes, provision of cycles, social/behavioural interventions, or a combination of these. For inclusion, studies had to include data collected in or after 2013 and be published in peer-reviewed papers between January 2013 and May 2023. Sixty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies had a medium or high risk of bias, often due to small sample sizes or high participant loss at follow-up. Many had short follow-up periods, which may under- or over-estimate long-term impact. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) were under-represented, as were people with disabilities. The review found interventions aimed at changing behaviour without any associated environmental or infrastructure changes had little impact and that such behavioural interventions needed to be repeated for any impact to be maintained. Interventions combining infrastructure change with social/behavioural programmes had more impact, as did interventions involving e-bikes, and potentially cycle-sharing schemes. Interventions involving pedal cycles alone were positive in increasing cycling amongst people on low incomes with limited alternative transport options.

Therefore, policy makers and planners should stop designing or funding interventions that only address behavioural or social aspects of active travel. Instead, environmental and infrastructure changes are required to make walking, cycling and wheeling feel safer and more pleasant. These should include road space reallocation. Future research should focus on how to develop public and political support for such interventions.

Book titleHealth on the Move 3: The Reviews
Page range89-143
Year2024
PublisherElsevier
Publication dates
Published online11 May 2024
SeriesAdvances in Transport Policy and Planning
ISBN9780443237263
ISSN2543-0009
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.atpp.2023.11.004
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.atpp.2023.11.004
JournalAdvances in Transport Policy and Planning

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