|Title||Churchill as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1924–9) and the return to the gold standard|
The general election of 29 October 1924 saw Winston Churchill return to Parliament as Constitutionalist MP for Epping after two years in the political wilderness. It also saw Stanley Baldwin swept back to Number 10 on a Conservative landslide. Speculation about whether Baldwin would cement Churchill’s drift from the Liberal fold by offering him office surfaced during the election campaign. Churchill nevertheless thought ‘it very unlikely that I shall be invited to join the Government, as owing to the size of the majority it will probably be composed only of impeccable Conservatives’. [ 1 ] Because of his anti-socialist credentials, his ability to reassure wavering Liberals through his opposition to protectionism – dropped by Baldwin after its rejection in the 1923 general election – and concern he could prove a rallying point for backbench malcontents, there was however much to commend giving Churchill a post. To his surprise, Baldwin offered Churchill the long-coveted office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, briefly held by his father before his ill-conceived resignation in 1887. Having arranged a meeting with his Labour predecessor, Philip Snowden, about outstanding business the new Chancellor set to work. Marking his political transition, a few days later Churchill resigned from the National Liberal Club.
|Keywords||Sir Winston Churchill, British naval policy, British economic policy, Gold Standard|
|Accepted author manuscript||Chancellor of the Exchequer and Return to the Gold Standard.docx|
|Supplementary data or files||other material re Chancellor and Gold Standard.docx|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.churchillarchive.com/education-resources/higher-education.html?id=churchill_as_chancellor&summary|