The health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence

Ruxton, C.H.S., Reed, S.C., Simpson, K. and Millington, J. 2004. The health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 17 (5), pp. 449-459.

TitleThe health benefits of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: a review of the evidence
AuthorsRuxton, C.H.S., Reed, S.C., Simpson, K. and Millington, J.
Abstract

The UK dietary guidelines for cardiovascular disease acknowledge the importance of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) – a component of fish oils – in reducing heart disease risk. At the time, it was recommended that the average n-3 PUFA intake should be increased from 0.1 to 0.2 g day−1. However, since the publication of these guidelines, a plethora of evidence relating to the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs, in areas other than heart disease, has emerged. The majority of intervention studies, which found associations between various conditions and the intake of fish oils or their derivatives, used n-3 intakes well above the 0.2 g day−1 recommended by Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (COMA). Furthermore, in 2004, the Food Standards Agency changed its advice on oil-rich fish creating a discrepancy between the levels of n-3 PUFA implied by the new advice and the 1994 COMA guideline. This review will examine published evidence from observational and intervention studies relating to the health effects of n-3 PUFAs, and discuss whether the current UK recommendation for long-chain n-3 PUFA needs to be revisited.

JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal citation17 (5), pp. 449-459
ISSN0952-3871
YearOct 2004
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00552.x
Publication dates
PublishedOct 2004

Related outputs

The impact of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on human health
Ruxton, C.H.S., Calder, P.C., Reed, S.C. and Simpson, J.A. 2005. The impact of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on human health. Nutrition Research Reviews. 18 (1), pp. 113-129.

Therapeutic approaches to raising plasma HDL-cholesterol levels
Thompson, M., Reed, S.C. and Cockerill, G. 2004. Therapeutic approaches to raising plasma HDL-cholesterol levels. Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine. 1 (2), pp. 84-89.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/92z82/the-health-benefits-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-a-review-of-the-evidence


Share this
Tweet
Email