Recent progress in the understanding of B-cell functions in autoimmunity

Porakishvili, N., Mageed, R.A., Jamin, C., Pers, J.O., Kulikova, N., Renaudineau, Y., Lydyard, P.M. and Youinou, P.Y. 2001. Recent progress in the understanding of B-cell functions in autoimmunity. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 54 (1-2), pp. 30-38.

TitleRecent progress in the understanding of B-cell functions in autoimmunity
AuthorsPorakishvili, N., Mageed, R.A., Jamin, C., Pers, J.O., Kulikova, N., Renaudineau, Y., Lydyard, P.M. and Youinou, P.Y.
Abstract

Our early concepts of the normal role of B cells in immunity focused on their ability to produce antibodies (Ab) and in the case of autoimmune diseases autoAbs, some of which were pathogenic. Over the past 10 years, it has became apparent that B cells display a variety of characteristics, other than Ab production, which could contribute to autoimmunity. They normally play a role in the development of lymphoid architecture, regulating T-cell subsets and dendritic cell (DC) function through cytokine production, and in activation of T cells. Receptors editing is also important in B cells which aids in immunity to infection and, possibly, prevention of autoimmunity. Transgenic animal models have now shown that B cells are necessary for many autoimmune diseases although their Ab products are not required in some cases. Negative signalling by CD5 and other molecules, such as CD22, in maintaining tolerance through recruitment of src-homology two domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 has also been documented. In fact, we have now reached a new era whereby the B cell has returned as an important contributor to autoimmune disorders, so that the race is on to characterize signalling regulation via the B-cell receptor and coreceptors. Identification of such molecules and their potential defects should lead to effective ways of controlling the immune response and in particular preventing the development of autoimmune states. The classical view of B cells in the biology of immune responses to infectious and self-antigens (Ag) that they promote immunity primarily by producing Ab turns out to be rather naïve. Indeed, studies over the last few years indicate that this view is far from complete, and suggest that B lymphocytes have extraordinarily diverse functions within the immune system. Furthermore, it is becoming increasingly clear that the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases cannot solely be accounted for by T cells, and intrinsic abnormalities of B cells have been described in such conditions. In this brief review we highlight some recent observations in the context of B lymphocyte in pathophysiology, and focus on their revival as pivotal players the pathophysiology in autoimmune diseases. Yet, it remains difficult to provide a model of how important B cells are in immunity and autoimmunity.

JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Journal citation54 (1-2), pp. 30-38
ISSN0300-9475
YearJul 2001
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-3083.2001.00950.x
Publication dates
PublishedJul 2001

Related outputs

Investigation of factors influencing the immunogenicity of hCG as a potential cancer vaccine
Porakishvili, N., Roitt, I.M., Lund, T., Delves, P.J., Justesen, J., Martensen, P., Chikadze, N. and Kvirkvelia, N. 2018. Investigation of factors influencing the immunogenicity of hCG as a potential cancer vaccine. Clinical & Experimental Immunology. 193 (1), pp. 73-83.

Correlation between the expression of CD32 and CD180 receptors on CLL cells and MEC1 cell line
Tsertsvadze, T., Mitskevich, N., Ghirdaladze, D. and Porakishvili, N. 2015. Correlation between the expression of CD32 and CD180 receptors on CLL cells and MEC1 cell line. Georgian Medical News. 3 (240), pp. 56-59.

Rewiring of sIgM-mediated intracellular signaling through theCD180 Toll-like receptor
Porakishvili, N., Vispute, K., Rajakaruna, N., Kulikova, N., Tsertsvadze, T., Nathwani, A., Damle, R.N., Clark, E.A., Rai, K.R., Chiorazzi, N. and Lydyard, P.M. 2015. Rewiring of sIgM-mediated intracellular signaling through theCD180 Toll-like receptor. Molecular Medicine. 21, pp. 46-57.

Cells, tissues and organs of the immune system
Lydyard, P.M. and Porakishvili, N. 2012. Cells, tissues and organs of the immune system. in: Male, D., Brostoff, J., Roth, D.B. and Roitt, I.M. (ed.) Immunology (8th edition) Elsevier. pp. 17-50

CD180 functions in activation, survival and cycling of B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells
Porakishvili, N., Memon, A., Vispute, K., Kulikova, N., Clark, E.A., Rai, K.R., Nathwani, A., Damle, R.N., Chiorazzi, N. and Lydyard, P.M. 2011. CD180 functions in activation, survival and cycling of B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells. British Journal of Haematology. 153 (4), pp. 486-498.

Patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia have an expanded population of CD4(+) perforin expressing T cells enriched for human cytomegalovirus specificity and an effector-memory phenotype
Walton, J.A., Lydyard, P.M., Nathwani, A., Emery, V., Akbar, A., Glennie, M.J. and Porakishvili, N. 2010. Patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia have an expanded population of CD4(+) perforin expressing T cells enriched for human cytomegalovirus specificity and an effector-memory phenotype. British Journal of Haematology. 148 (2), pp. 274-284.

Antibodies against hCG in patients with gynecological tumors
Chikadze, N., Akhvlediani, L., Gachechiladze, N., Delves, P.J. and Porakishvili, N. 2010. Antibodies against hCG in patients with gynecological tumors. in: Rafael, Z.B. (ed.) Proceedings of the 13th World Congress on Controversies in Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility (COGI) November 4-7, 2010 – Berlin (Germany) Monduzzi. pp. 187-192

Association between seropositivity for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and CD4+ cytotoxic T cells expansions in patients with B-cell Chronic Lymphocyte Leukaemia (B-CLL) and healthy controls
Kulikova, N., Amaglobeli, N., Tsertsvadze, T., Tsagareishvili, P., Sereda, L., Tevzadze, M., Kardava, L., Ghirdaladze, M., Gachechiladze, N., Lukhumaidze, M. and Porakishvili, N. 2009. Association between seropositivity for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and CD4+ cytotoxic T cells expansions in patients with B-cell Chronic Lymphocyte Leukaemia (B-CLL) and healthy controls. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 7 (3-4), pp. 41-46.

Engagement of different Fc-gamma receptors in phagocytosis of immune complexes containing antibodies to mutated human chorionic gonadotropin β chain (hCG-beta) and native hCG molecule
Chikadze, N., Janikashvili, N., Gachechiladze, N., Lomishvili, N., Kvirkvelia, N., Delves, P.J. and Porakishvili, N. 2009. Engagement of different Fc-gamma receptors in phagocytosis of immune complexes containing antibodies to mutated human chorionic gonadotropin β chain (hCG-beta) and native hCG molecule. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 7 (1-2), pp. 39-46.

Differential expression of CD180 and IgM by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells using mutated and unmutated immunoglobulin VH genes
Porakishvili, N., Kulikova, N., Jewell, A.P., Youinou, P.Y., Yong, K.L., Nathwani, A., Heelan, B., Duke, V., Hamblin, T.J., Wallace, P., Ely, P., Clark, E.A. and Lydyard, P.M. 2005. Differential expression of CD180 and IgM by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells using mutated and unmutated immunoglobulin VH genes. British Journal of Haematology. 131 (3), pp. 313-319.

B cell response to surface IgM cross-linking identifies different prognostic groups of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients
Nedellec, S., Renaudineau, Y., Bordron, A., Berthou, C., Porakishvili, N., Lydyard, P.M., Pers, J.O. and Youinou, P.Y. 2005. B cell response to surface IgM cross-linking identifies different prognostic groups of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients. Journal of Immunology. 174 (6), pp. 3749-3756.

Cytotoxic CD4+ T cells in patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia kill via a perforin-mediated pathway
Porakishvili, N., Kardava, L., Jewell, A.P., Yong, K.L., Glennie, M.J., Akbar, A. and Lydyard, P.M. 2004. Cytotoxic CD4+ T cells in patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia kill via a perforin-mediated pathway. Haematologica. 89 (4), pp. 435-443.

Patterns of the expression of CD32 and CD64 on monocytes of patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Porakishvili, N. 2004. Patterns of the expression of CD32 and CD64 on monocytes of patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 2 (3-4), pp. 86-91.

The role of complement in the clearance of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) containing immune complexes
Janikashvili, N., Chikadze, N., Gabunia, K. and Porakishvili, N. 2004. The role of complement in the clearance of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) containing immune complexes. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 2 (3-4), pp. 92-96.

Impaired phagocytic function of monocytes in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Akhobadze, T., Amaglobeli, N., Sereda, L., Shelegia, K., Lomishvili, N., Burjanadze, L., Ghirdaladze, D., Iosava, G. and Porakishvili, N. 2004. Impaired phagocytic function of monocytes in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Bulletin of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 169 (3), pp. 619-622.

The role of antigen in the selection of the human V3-23 immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene
Mackworth-Young, C.G., Harmer, I. and Mageed, R.A. 2003. The role of antigen in the selection of the human V3-23 immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene. Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 134 (3), pp. 420-425.

The use of hepatitis B core antigen particles as a presentation scaffold for a peptide-based contraceptive vaccine
Kvirkvelia, N., Page, M., McBride, J.D., Porakishvili, N., Lund, T., Roitt, I.M. and Delves, P.J. 2003. The use of hepatitis B core antigen particles as a presentation scaffold for a peptide-based contraceptive vaccine. Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 58 (2), p. 138.

Activation of B-CLL cells by CD180 monoclonal antibodies: responders and non-responders
Porakishvili, N., Slovick, N., Jewell, A.P., Youinou, P.Y., Nathwani, A., Yong, K.L., Stevenson, F.K., Clark, E.A. and Lydyard, P.M. 2003. Activation of B-CLL cells by CD180 monoclonal antibodies: responders and non-responders. Blood. 102, p. 432a.

Preferential expression of CD180 by B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) cells using IgVh mutated than those using IgVh unmutated genes
Porakishvili, N., Kulikova, N., Jewell, A.P., Youinou, P.Y., Yong, K.L., Nathwani, C., Heelan, B., Duke, V., Stevenson, F.K., Hamblin, T.J., Wallace, P., Ely, P., Clark, E.A. and Lydyard, P.M. 2003. Preferential expression of CD180 by B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) cells using IgVh mutated than those using IgVh unmutated genes. Leukemia and Lymphoma. 44 (Supp. 2), p. S17.

Aberrant expression of Ccy-receptor (CD64) by monoclytes and neutrophils from patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Porakishvili, N., Akhobadze, T., Kapanadze, T. and Baloyan, D. 2003. Aberrant expression of Ccy-receptor (CD64) by monoclytes and neutrophils from patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Proceedings of the Georgain Academy of Sciences. 1 (1-2), pp. 39-42.

Assessment of in vitro phagocytosis of immune complexes containing native molecules of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and mutant sera
Chikadze, N., Janikashvili, N. and Porakishvili, N. 2003. Assessment of in vitro phagocytosis of immune complexes containing native molecules of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and mutant sera. Bulletin of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 168 (2), pp. 373-376.

Immunogenicity and cross-reactivity of a novel mutant recombinant hCGb-protein
Chikadze, N., Janikashvili, N., Delves, P.J. and Porakishvili, N. 2003. Immunogenicity and cross-reactivity of a novel mutant recombinant hCGb-protein. Bulletin of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 167 (3), pp. 558-562.

Elimination of luteinizing hormone cross-reactive epitopes from human chorionic gonadotropin
Porakishvili, N., Dalla Chiesa, M., Chikadze, N., Martensen, P., Justesen, J., Lund, T., Delves, P.J. and Roitt, I.M. 2002. Elimination of luteinizing hormone cross-reactive epitopes from human chorionic gonadotropin. Vaccine. 20 (16), pp. 2053-2059.

The role of IgE in the development of hypersensitivity in allergic and autoimmune conditions
Lomishvili, N., Mitskevichi, N., Amaglobeli, N. and Porakishvili, N. 2002. The role of IgE in the development of hypersensitivity in allergic and autoimmune conditions. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 28, pp. 349-353.

Phagocytosis and the regulation of apoptosis in B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Gabunia, K., Kardava, L., Kulikova, N., Jordania, T., Burjanadze, L., Sereda, L. and Porakishvili, N. 2002. Phagocytosis and the regulation of apoptosis in B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Bulletin of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 166 (1), pp. 153-157.

Expansion of CD4+ T cells with a cytotoxic phenotype in patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL)
Porakishvili, N., Roschupkina, T., Kalber, T., Jewell, A.P., Patterson, K., Yong, K.L. and Lydyard, P.M. 2001. Expansion of CD4+ T cells with a cytotoxic phenotype in patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL). Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 126 (1), pp. 29-36.

Refocusing of B-cell responses following a single amino acid substitution in an antigen
Dalla Chiesa, M., Martensen, P., Simmons, C., Porakishvili, N., Justesen, J., Dougan, G., Roitt, I.M., Delves, P.J. and Lund, T. 2001. Refocusing of B-cell responses following a single amino acid substitution in an antigen. Immunology. 103 (2), pp. 172-178.

The role of immune complexes in immunopathogenesis of extrinsic allergic alveolitis caused by the contact with organic dust
Mitskevichi, N., Machavarani, K., Khechinashvili, G. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. The role of immune complexes in immunopathogenesis of extrinsic allergic alveolitis caused by the contact with organic dust. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 27, pp. 391-396.

Serum factors and T cell phenotype in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), SLE-complicated with glomerulonephritis (SLE-GN) and in healthy controls
Lomishvili, N., Kalandadze, N. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. Serum factors and T cell phenotype in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), SLE-complicated with glomerulonephritis (SLE-GN) and in healthy controls. Bulletin of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 163 (3), pp. 233-236.

Autoantibodies to human chorionic gonadotropin in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and patients with tumours of the reproductive systems
Lomishvili, N., Akhvlediani, L., Chikadze, N. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. Autoantibodies to human chorionic gonadotropin in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and patients with tumours of the reproductive systems. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 27, pp. 235-238.

Induction of apoptosis by anti-CD5 monoclonal antibodies in B-CLL cells correlates with the level of CD79b expression
Kulikova, N., Lydyard, P.M. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. Induction of apoptosis by anti-CD5 monoclonal antibodies in B-CLL cells correlates with the level of CD79b expression. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 27, pp. 363-368.

Proliferation of B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemic cells in vitro in response to dihydroxycinnamate-derived polymers from symphytum asperum and symphytum caucasicum
Kardava, L., Tevzadze, M., Gabunia, K. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. Proliferation of B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemic cells in vitro in response to dihydroxycinnamate-derived polymers from symphytum asperum and symphytum caucasicum. Trans-Caucasian Journal of Immunology. 2, pp. 77-87.

The cell cycle progression of B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells in vitro
Kardava, L., Kulikova, N., Tevzadze, M. and Porakishvili, N. 2001. The cell cycle progression of B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells in vitro. Proceedings of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. 27, pp. 4-6.

CD5-induced apoptosis of B cells in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Pers, J.O., Berthou, C., Porakishvili, N., Burdjanadze, N., Le Calvez, G., Abgrall, J.F., Lydyard, P.M., Youinou, P.Y. and Jamin, C. 2001. CD5-induced apoptosis of B cells in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Leukemia. 16 (1), pp. 44-52.

Rearrangement of the human heavy chain variable region gene V3-23 in transgenic mice generates antibodies reactive with a range of antigens on the basis of VHCDR3 and residues intrinsic to the heavy chain variable region
Mageed, R.A., Harmer, I., Wynn, S.L., Moyes, S.P., Maziak, B.R., Bruggemann, M. and Mackworth-Young, C.G. 2001. Rearrangement of the human heavy chain variable region gene V3-23 in transgenic mice generates antibodies reactive with a range of antigens on the basis of VHCDR3 and residues intrinsic to the heavy chain variable region. Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 123 (1), pp. 1-8.

Impaired phagocytic function of polymorpho-nuclear neutrophils in B chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Gabunia, K., Gachechiladze, N., Burjanadze, L., Roschupkina, T., Baloyan, D., Kardava, L., Ghirdaladze, D., Iosava, G., Jewell, A.P., Lydyard, P.M. and Porakishvili, N. 2000. Impaired phagocytic function of polymorpho-nuclear neutrophils in B chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Haematologica. 85 (Supple), pp. 28-29.

Chimaeric monoclonal antibodies encoded by the human VH26 gene from naive transgenic mice display a wide range of antigen binding specificities
Harmer, I., Mageed, R.A., Kaminski, A., Charles, P., Bruggemann, M. and Mackworth-Young, C.G. 1996. Chimaeric monoclonal antibodies encoded by the human VH26 gene from naive transgenic mice display a wide range of antigen binding specificities. Immunology. 88 (2), pp. 174-182.

Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women
Hucklebridge, F., Smith, M.D., Clow, A., Evans, P., Glover, V., Taylor, A., Adams, D. and Lydyard, P.M. 1994. Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women. Biological Psychology. 37 (3), pp. 199-206.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/93z74/recent-progress-in-the-understanding-of-b-cell-functions-in-autoimmunity


Share this
Tweet
Email