Children’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action

Shaw, B., Bicket, M., Elliott, B., Fagan-Watson, B., Mocca, E., Hillman, M. and Fagan-Watson, B. 2015. Children’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action. London Policy Studies Institute.

TitleChildren’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action
AuthorsShaw, B., Bicket, M., Elliott, B., Fagan-Watson, B., Mocca, E., Hillman, M. and Fagan-Watson, B.
TypeProject report
Abstract

This report is the latest in a series looking at the personal mobility and travel patterns of children. The first was published in 1971, looking at children’s mobility in England. A follow-up study, published in 1990, expanded the survey to look at children in what was then West Germany. A third study looking at childhood mobility was published in 2010, providing a unique set of longitudinal data, stretching over four decades. The changes in children’s independent mobility have been striking. For example, in 1971 in England, 55 per cent of children under 10 were allowed to travel alone to places other than school that were within walking distance; by 2010, almost no children under 10 were allowed to do so.

This report expands the available data geographically, covering 16 countries: Australia, Brazil, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Sweden. The children involved were aged from seven to 15.

FilePSI_Finalreport_2015.pdf
KeywordsChildren
Independence
Mobility
Transport
Well-being
Year2015
PublisherPolicy Studies Institute
Place of publicationLondon
Page range88
Web address (URL)http://www.psi.org.uk/children_mobility

Related outputs

UK Sustainability Development Research Network: Bridging the Sustainability Science / Policy Divide
Shaw, B. and Steward, F. 2017. UK Sustainability Development Research Network: Bridging the Sustainability Science / Policy Divide. in: Filho, W. L. (ed.) Sustainable Development Research at Universities in the United Kingdom: Approaches, Methods and Projects New York Springer. pp. 279-294

Urban Heat: developing the role of community groups in local climate resilience
Burchell, K., Fagan-Watson, B. and Watson, T. 2017. Urban Heat: developing the role of community groups in local climate resilience. London Policy Studies Institute.

Cycling provision separated from motor traffic: a systematic review exploring whether stated preferences vary by gender and age
Aldred, R., Elliott, B., Woodcock, J. and Goodman, A. 2017. Cycling provision separated from motor traffic: a systematic review exploring whether stated preferences vary by gender and age. Transport Reviews. 37 (1), pp. 29-55. doi:10.1080/01441647.2016.1200156

Baker Street Wonderpass: evaluation of improvement works
Fagan-Watson, B., Elliott, B., Mcenery-west, N., Watson, T., Azmon, C. and Grosholz, H. 2016. Baker Street Wonderpass: evaluation of improvement works. Policy Studies Institute.

Heatwave planning: the role of the community in co-producing resilience
Fagan-Watson, B. and Burchell, K. 2016. Heatwave planning: the role of the community in co-producing resilience . Building Research and Information. 44 (7), pp. 754-763. doi:10.1080/09613218.2016.1209626

An overview of top-down vs. bottom-up models for informal settlement upgrading in South Africa
Georgiadou, M.C., Loggia, C., Nunez Ferrera, I. and Fagan-Watson, B. 2016. An overview of top-down vs. bottom-up models for informal settlement upgrading in South Africa. Ledwon, S. and Perry, G. (ed.) 52nd International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) Congress. Durban, South Africa 12 - 16 Sep 2016 ISOCARP (The Hague).

The role of paradigm analysis in the development of policies for a resource efficient economy
Vanner, R. and Bicket, M. 2016. The role of paradigm analysis in the development of policies for a resource efficient economy. Sustainability. 8 (7). doi:10.3390/su8070645

Development of DYNAMIX Policy Mixes - Deliverable 4.2, revised version, of the DYNAMIX project
Ekvall, T., Elander, M., Umpfenbach, K., Hirschnitz-Garbers, M., Hudson, C., Wunder, S., Nesbit, M., Keenleyside, C., Mazza, L., Russi, D., Tucker, G., Underwood, E., Withana, S., Bicket, M., Vanner, R., Kong, M.A., Tan, A., Bigano, A., Eboli, F., Gaska, J. and Sniegocki, A. 2016. Development of DYNAMIX Policy Mixes - Deliverable 4.2, revised version, of the DYNAMIX project. Gothenburg, Sweden IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.

Policy mixes for resource efficiency – conceptual issues, design and assessment challenges
Montevecchi, F., Hirschnitz-Garbers, M., Ekvall, T., Bicket, M. and ten Brink, P. 2016. Policy mixes for resource efficiency – conceptual issues, design and assessment challenges. MDPI.

Designing Policy Mixes for Resource Efficiency: The Role of Public Acceptability
Bicket, M. and Vanner, R. 2016. Designing Policy Mixes for Resource Efficiency: The Role of Public Acceptability. Sustainability. 8 (4), p. 366. doi:10.3390/su8040366

What does community resilience look like in practice? How institutions see the role of communities in responding to heatwaves in the UK
Fagan-Watson, B. and Burchell, K. 2015. What does community resilience look like in practice? How institutions see the role of communities in responding to heatwaves in the UK. Architecture and Resilience on a Human Scale. University of Sheffield, UK 10 - 12 Sep 2015 The School of Architecture, University of Sheffield.

Comfort: How much is too much? The Challenge for Environmental Policy
Shaw, Ben 2015. Comfort: How much is too much? The Challenge for Environmental Policy. World Architecture Magazine (China).

Spatially uneven development and low carbon transitions: Insights from urban and regional planning
Balta-Ozkan, N., Watson, T. and Mocca, E. 2015. Spatially uneven development and low carbon transitions: Insights from urban and regional planning. Energy Policy. 85, pp. 500-510. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2015.05.013

Breaking down barriers to a circular economy
Shaw, B. and Bicket, M. 2015. Breaking down barriers to a circular economy. The ENDS Report. 480, pp. 14-15.

How Much Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts? Evaluating Interactions Between Complex Policies
Bicket, M. How Much Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts? Evaluating Interactions Between Complex Policies. The 8th Annual Dupont Summit 2015 on Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy. The Historic Whittemore House, Washington DC, USA 04 - 04 Dec 2015

Lobbying by Trade Associations on EU Climate Policy
Fagan-Watson, B., Elliott, B. and Watson, T. 2015. Lobbying by Trade Associations on EU Climate Policy. London University of Westminster.

What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems?
Fagan-Watson, B., Watson, T., Elliott, B., Vanner, R., Shaw, Ben and Morris, S. 2014. What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems? A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Policy Studies Institute. Defra, London.

Scoping study to identify potential circular economy actions, priority sectors, material flows and value chains
Bicket, M., Guilcher, S., Hestin, M., Hudson, C., Razzini, P., Tan, A., ten Brink, P., van Dijl, E., Vanner, R. and Watkins, E. 2014. Scoping study to identify potential circular economy actions, priority sectors, material flows and value chains. Luxembourg Publications Office of the European Union. doi:10.2779/29525

Social barriers to the adoption of smart homes
Balta-Ozkan, N., Davidson, R., Bicket, M. and Whitmarsh, L. 2013. Social barriers to the adoption of smart homes. Energy Policy. 63, pp. 363-374. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.08.043

The development of smart homes market in the UK
Balta-Ozkan, N., Davidson, R., Bicket, M. and Whitmarsh, L. 2013. The development of smart homes market in the UK. Energy. 60, pp. 361-372. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2013.08.004

Provider-led Pathways to Work: Net impacts on employment and benefits, Working Paper No 113
Knight, G., Salis, S., Francavilla, F., Radu, D., Hevenstone, D., Mocca, E. and Tousley, B. 2013. Provider-led Pathways to Work: Net impacts on employment and benefits, Working Paper No 113. London A report of research carried out by Policy Studies Institute on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions.

Scoping the remit and feasibility of a policy evaluation centre for Defra: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Policy Studies Institute. Defra, London
Shaw, B., Phillips, R., Vowden, K., Husain, F. and Morris, S. 2013. Scoping the remit and feasibility of a policy evaluation centre for Defra: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Policy Studies Institute. Defra, London. London Defra.

Green Fiscal Commissions in Europe
Shaw, B. and Ekins, P. 2013. Green Fiscal Commissions in Europe. in: Mori, A., Ekins, P., Speck, S., Lee, S. and Ueta, K. (ed.) Green Fiscal Mechanism and Reform for Low Carbon Development: East Asia and Europe Routledge.

Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010)
Shaw, B., Fagan-Watson, B., Frauendienst, B., Redecker, A., Jones, T. and Hillman, M. 2013. Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010). London Policy Studies Institute.

Food Loop: a technical research report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
McGeevor, K., Fagan-Watson, B., Brass, C. and Bowden, F. 2013. Food Loop: a technical research report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. London Policy Studies Institute.

Guide for responsible corporate engagement in climate policy
Karbassi, L., Huusko, H., Silveira, F.C., VanVoore, M., Haeussling, S., Metzger, E., Dagnet, Y., Putt del Pino, S., Morgan, J., Jenkinson, K., Fagan-Watson, B., Carnac, T., Pineda, A.C., Henningsson, S., Spitzer, M., Pierce, L., Kelly, A., Walker, J. and Ryan, D. 2013. Guide for responsible corporate engagement in climate policy. A Caring for Climate Report by the United Nations Global Compact (UN Global Compact), the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in cooperation with the World Resources.

A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia
Carver, A., Fagan-Watson, B., Shaw, B. and Hillman, M. 2013. A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia. Children's Geographies. 11 (4), pp. 461-475. doi:10.1080/14733285.2013.812303

Expanding the evidence base for the design of policy influencing consumer choice for products and services with environmental impacts: final report
Shaw, Ben, Mudgal, S., Bain, J., Kong, M.A., Muehmel, K., Shaw, Ben, McGeevor, K., Vanner, R. and Gruenig, M. 2011. Expanding the evidence base for the design of policy influencing consumer choice for products and services with environmental impacts: final report. European Commission, DG Environment.

Expanding the evidence base for the design of policy influencing consumer choice for products and services with environmental impacts: policy briefing
Mudgal, S., Bain, J., Kong, M.A., Muehmel, K., Shaw, Ben, McGeevor, K., Vanner, R. and Gruenig, M. 2011. Expanding the evidence base for the design of policy influencing consumer choice for products and services with environmental impacts: policy briefing. European Commission, DG Environment.

Real world approaches to assessing the impact of environmental research on policy
Bell, S., Shaw, B. and Boaz, A. 2011. Real world approaches to assessing the impact of environmental research on policy. Research Evaluation. 20 (3), pp. 227-237. doi:10.3152/095820211X13118583635792

More daylight, better health: why we shouldn't be putting the clocks back this weekend
Hillman, M. 2010. More daylight, better health: why we shouldn't be putting the clocks back this weekend. British Medical Journal. 341, p. c5964. doi:10.1136/bmj.c5964

A new basis for aviation taxation: a briefing on the introduction of an aviation tax based on a per-plane duty
Dresner, S. and Shaw, B. 2010. A new basis for aviation taxation: a briefing on the introduction of an aviation tax based on a per-plane duty. London Policy Studies Institute.

How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: literature review
Shaw, B. and Bell, S. 2010. How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: literature review. SKEP Network.

How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: guidelines and supporting information
Shaw, B. and Bell, S. 2010. How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: guidelines and supporting information. SKEP Network.

How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: final report
Shaw, B. and Bell, S. 2010. How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: final report. SKEP Network.

How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: case studies
Shaw, B. and Bell, S. 2010. How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: case studies. SKEP Network.

How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: a seven step guide
Shaw, B. and Bell, S. 2010. How to evaluate the impact of research on environmental policy: a seven step guide. SKEP Network.

Briefing on aviation taxation
Dresner, S. and Shaw, B. 2010. Briefing on aviation taxation. London Policy Studies Institute.

Assessing the impact of research on policy: a literature review
Boaz, A., Fitzpatrick, S. and Shaw, B. 2009. Assessing the impact of research on policy: a literature review. Science and Public Policy. 36 (4), pp. 255-270. doi:10.3152/030234209X436545

Household and economy wide impacts of changing environmental behaviours: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Shaw, B. 2009. Household and economy wide impacts of changing environmental behaviours: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

Bridging research and policy through outcome evaluation (Defra research report WR0808)
Shaw, B. 2009. Bridging research and policy through outcome evaluation (Defra research report WR0808). Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

The case for green fiscal reform: final report of the UK Green Fiscal Commission
Ekins, P., Dresner, S., Potter, S., Shaw, B. and Speck, S. 2009. The case for green fiscal reform: final report of the UK Green Fiscal Commission. London Green Fiscal Commission.

Measuring eco-innovation: framework and typology of indicators based on causal chains: final report of the ECODRIVE Project
Huppes, G., Kleijn, R., Huele, R., Ekins, P., Shaw, B., Esders, M. and Schaltegger, S. 2008. Measuring eco-innovation: framework and typology of indicators based on causal chains: final report of the ECODRIVE Project. Leiden, London, Lüneburg ECODRIVE Report to the European Commission.

Assessing the impact of research on policy: A review of the literature for a project on bridging research and policy through outcome evaluation
Boaz, A., Fitzpatrick, S. and Shaw, B. 2008. Assessing the impact of research on policy: A review of the literature for a project on bridging research and policy through outcome evaluation. London Kings College London & Policy Studies Institute.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/98xyq/children-s-independent-mobility-an-international-comparison-and-recommendations-for-action


Share this
Tweet
Email