An overview of top-down vs. bottom-up models for informal settlement upgrading in South Africa

Georgiadou, M.C., Loggia, C., Nunez Ferrera, I. and Fagan-Watson, B. 2016. An overview of top-down vs. bottom-up models for informal settlement upgrading in South Africa. Ledwon, S. and Perry, G. (ed.) 52nd International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) Congress. Durban, South Africa 12 - 16 Sep 2016 ISOCARP (The Hague).

TitleAn overview of top-down vs. bottom-up models for informal settlement upgrading in South Africa
AuthorsGeorgiadou, M.C., Loggia, C., Nunez Ferrera, I. and Fagan-Watson, B.
EditorsLedwon, S. and Perry, G.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

The paper explores informal settlement upgrading approaches in South Africa and presents a review of top-down vs. bottom-up models, using experience and lessons learned from the Durban metropolitan area. Reflections on past upgrading efforts suggest that top-down policies in South Africa have not been successful to date. By contrast, participatory techniques, such as planning activism, can be used to enhance community empowerment and a sense of local ownership. This paper reveals that although the notion of ‘bottom-up’, participatory methods for community improvement is often discussed in international development discourses, the tools, processes and new knowledge needed to ensure a successful upgrade are under-utilised. Participation and collaboration can mean various things for informal housing upgrading and often the involvement of local communities is limited to providing feedback in already agreed development decisions from local authorities and construction companies. The paper concludes by suggesting directions for ‘co-producing’ knowledge with communities through participatory, action-research methods and integrating these insights into upgrading mechanisms and policies for housing and infrastructure provision. The cumulative impacts emerging from these approaches could aggregate into local, regional, and national environmental, social and economic benefits able to successfully transform urban areas and ensure self-reliance for local populations.

Year2016
Conference52nd International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) Congress
PublisherISOCARP (The Hague)
Accepted author manuscriptGeorgiadou_Overview of informal settlement upgrading in South Africa_2016.pdf
ISBN9789490354473

Related outputs

Project Management and Skills Enhancement in Informal Settlements Upgrading in Durban, South Africa
Georgiadou, M.C. and Loggia, C. 2017. Project Management and Skills Enhancement in Informal Settlements Upgrading in Durban, South Africa. Architecture, Media, Politics and Society (AMPS) Conference: Cities, Communities and Homes: Is the Urban Future Liveable?. Derby 21 - 23 Jun 2017 UCL Press.

Future-Proofed Design of Low-Energy Housing Developments: Case studies from the UK and Sweden
Georgiadou, M.C. 2017. Future-Proofed Design of Low-Energy Housing Developments: Case studies from the UK and Sweden. in: Bishop, J. (ed.) Building Sustainable Cities of the Future, Green Energy and Technology Switzerland Springer. pp. 29-56

Urban Heat: developing the role of community groups in local climate resilience
Burchell, K., Fagan-Watson, B. and Watson, T. 2017. Urban Heat: developing the role of community groups in local climate resilience. London Policy Studies Institute.

Baker Street Wonderpass: evaluation of improvement works
Fagan-Watson, B., Elliott, B., Mcenery-west, N., Watson, T., Azmon, C. and Grosholz, H. 2016. Baker Street Wonderpass: evaluation of improvement works. Policy Studies Institute.

'Normal' Informal living spaces in low-income human settlements in South Africa
Ojo-Aromokudu, Loggia, C and Georgiadou, M.C. 2016. 'Normal' Informal living spaces in low-income human settlements in South Africa. Perry, G. and Ledwon, S. (ed.) 52nd International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP) Congress. Durban 12 - 16 Sep 2016 ISOCARP.

Heatwave planning: the role of the community in co-producing resilience
Fagan-Watson, B. and Burchell, K. 2016. Heatwave planning: the role of the community in co-producing resilience . Building Research and Information. 44 (7), pp. 754-763. doi:10.1080/09613218.2016.1209626

Community-led upgrading for self-reliance in informal settlements in South Africa: a review
Georgiadou, M.C. and Loggia, C. 2016. Community-led upgrading for self-reliance in informal settlements in South Africa: a review. RICS COBRA 2016. Toronto, Canada 19 - 22 Sep 2016 RICS.

Building Information Modelling in UK Construction Projects: A State of the Art Review
Georgiadou, M.C. 2016. Building Information Modelling in UK Construction Projects: A State of the Art Review. RICS COBRA 2016. Toronto, Canada 19 - 22 Sep 2016 RICS.

What does community resilience look like in practice? How institutions see the role of communities in responding to heatwaves in the UK
Fagan-Watson, B. and Burchell, K. 2015. What does community resilience look like in practice? How institutions see the role of communities in responding to heatwaves in the UK. Architecture and Resilience on a Human Scale. University of Sheffield, UK 10 - 12 Sep 2015 The School of Architecture, University of Sheffield.

Lobbying by Trade Associations on EU Climate Policy
Fagan-Watson, B., Elliott, B. and Watson, T. 2015. Lobbying by Trade Associations on EU Climate Policy. London University of Westminster.

Children’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action
Shaw, B., Bicket, M., Elliott, B., Fagan-Watson, B., Mocca, E., Hillman, M. and Fagan-Watson, B. 2015. Children’s Independent Mobility: an international comparison and recommendations for action. London Policy Studies Institute.

What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems?
Fagan-Watson, B., Watson, T., Elliott, B., Vanner, R., Shaw, Ben and Morris, S. 2014. What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems? A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Policy Studies Institute. Defra, London.

Future-Proofed Energy Design Approaches for Achieving Low-Energy Homes: Enhancing the Code for Sustainable Homes
Georgiadou, M.C. 2014. Future-Proofed Energy Design Approaches for Achieving Low-Energy Homes: Enhancing the Code for Sustainable Homes. Buildings. 4 (3), pp. 488-519. doi:10.3390/buildings4030488

Territories of scarcity and creativity: a critical view of informal settlements and emerging tactics under conditions of scarcity in Nairobi, Kenya and Quito, Ecuador
Ferrera Nunez, Isis and Nunez Ferrera, I. 2014. Territories of scarcity and creativity: a critical view of informal settlements and emerging tactics under conditions of scarcity in Nairobi, Kenya and Quito, Ecuador. PhD thesis University of Westminster Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment

Future-Proofed Energy Design for Dwellings: Case studies from England and Application to the Code for Sustainable Homes
Georgiadou, M.C, Hacking, T. and Guthrie, P. 2013. Future-Proofed Energy Design for Dwellings: Case studies from England and Application to the Code for Sustainable Homes. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology. 34 (1), pp. 9-22. doi:10.1177/0143624412463016

Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010)
Shaw, B., Fagan-Watson, B., Frauendienst, B., Redecker, A., Jones, T. and Hillman, M. 2013. Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010). London Policy Studies Institute.

Food Loop: a technical research report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
McGeevor, K., Fagan-Watson, B., Brass, C. and Bowden, F. 2013. Food Loop: a technical research report for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. London Policy Studies Institute.

Guide for responsible corporate engagement in climate policy
Karbassi, L., Huusko, H., Silveira, F.C., VanVoore, M., Haeussling, S., Metzger, E., Dagnet, Y., Putt del Pino, S., Morgan, J., Jenkinson, K., Fagan-Watson, B., Carnac, T., Pineda, A.C., Henningsson, S., Spitzer, M., Pierce, L., Kelly, A., Walker, J. and Ryan, D. 2013. Guide for responsible corporate engagement in climate policy. A Caring for Climate Report by the United Nations Global Compact (UN Global Compact), the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in cooperation with the World Resources.

A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia
Carver, A., Fagan-Watson, B., Shaw, B. and Hillman, M. 2013. A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia. Children's Geographies. 11 (4), pp. 461-475. doi:10.1080/14733285.2013.812303

Strategies and Techniques to Future-Proof the Energy Performance of Housing Developments
Georgiadou, M.C. and Hacking, T. 2012. Strategies and Techniques to Future-Proof the Energy Performance of Housing Developments. International Journal of Energy Sector Management. 6 (2), pp. 160-174. doi:10.1108/17506221211242040

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/9x187/an-overview-of-top-down-vs-bottom-up-models-for-informal-settlement-upgrading-in-south-africa


Share this
Tweet
Email