African Off-grid Housing (AOH)

Cascone, P., Schiano-Phan, R., Lau, B., Georgiadou, M. and Laddaga, M. 2022. African Off-grid Housing (AOH). 2nd International Conference on Evolving Cities. Southampton 22 - 24 Sep 2021 University of Southampton. https://doi.org/10.55066/proc-icec.2021.17

TitleAfrican Off-grid Housing (AOH)
AuthorsCascone, P., Schiano-Phan, R., Lau, B., Georgiadou, M. and Laddaga, M.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

Today, 600 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity and 900 million lack access to clean cooking facilities (International Energy Agency- 2019).

With this premise the paper will explain the research agenda of the African Off-grid Housing project on how to design and build off-grid and affordable housing solutions for the African Sub-Saharan context. The on-going project is developed at the School of Architecture and Cities of the University of Westminster with the support of the Global Challenge Research Fund. The research agenda is based on the idea of producing innovative knowledge able to bridge traditional and advanced design strategies as well as construction technologies in response to the urgent need of affordable housing in the African region. Therefore, the [AOH] research by design methodology is informed by the analytical study of the cause-effects relations between the architectural geometry, the material systems and the environmental performances of a set of pre-colonial and contemporary precedents in relation to their climatic context.

According to this analysis the most flexible and affordable vernacular genotype was selected, integrated and evolved according to a series of contemporary performative criteria through a design methodology based on a parametric approach.

Therefore, the form finding of this initial housing genotype was informed by the negotiation between the sitespecific climatic conditions, the spatial and energy needs of local users and the material systems available on-site. The performative criteria of the form finding included the question of self-sufficiency in relation to energy, water and food accessibility. The best negotiation between the different criteria, has been selected and developed as a paradigm to generate a design protocol and a construction kit open to possible variations in terms of scalability and incrementality.

KeywordsAfrican off-grid housing
sustainable construction
digital manufacturing
Year2022
Conference2nd International Conference on Evolving Cities
PublisherUniversity of Southampton
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Publication dates
Published31 Jan 2022
ISSN1747-0544
Book title2021: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Evolving Cities
Book editorBahaz, A.S.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.55066/proc-icec.2021.17

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