The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children

Barton, J., Sandercock, G., Pretty, J. and Wood, C. 2014. The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 25 (2), pp. 196-206. doi:10.1080/09603123.2014.915020

TitleThe effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children
AuthorsBarton, J., Sandercock, G., Pretty, J. and Wood, C.
Abstract

School playtime provides opportunities for children to engage in physical activity (PA). Playground playtime interventions designed to increase PA have produced differing results. However, nature can also promote PA, through the provision of large open spaces for activity. The purpose of this study is to determine which playtime interventions are most effective at increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and if this varies by school location. Fifty-two children from an urban and rural school participated in a playground sports (PS) and nature-based orienteering intervention during playtime for one week. MVPA was assessed the day before and on the final day of the interventions using accelerometers. Intervention type (p < 0.05) and school location (p < 0.001) significantly influenced MVPA; with PS increasing MVPA more than nature-based orienteering. Urban children seemed to respond to the interventions more positively; however, differences in baseline MVPA might influence these changes. There was a positive correlation for fitness and MVPA during PS (r = 0.32; p < 0.05), but not nature-based orienteering (p > 0.05). The provision of PS influences PA the most; however, a variety of interventions are required to engage less fit children in PA.

Keywordsphysical activity
playtime
rural
urban
nature
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Journal citation25 (2), pp. 196-206
ISSN0960-3123
Year2014
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscriptPlaytime intervention Dec 2013- Main document not for review.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/09603123.2014.915020
Publication dates
Published12 May 2014

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