Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress

Wood, C., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Law, R. and Smyth, N. 2018. Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 31 (2), pp. 135-145. doi:10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083

TitlePhysical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress
TypeJournal article
AuthorsWood, C., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Law, R. and Smyth, N.
Abstract

Background: Evidence linking fitness and decreased psychosocial stress comes from studies of athletes and typically relies upon self-report measures. Furthermore, there is little evidence regarding the impact of physical activity (PA) prior to a stressor. The aims of this study were to determine whether fitness and prior PA influence cortisol concentrations during psychosocial stress.

Methods: Seventy-five non-athletic participants took part in a submaximal walk prior to the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G). During the walk, fitness was assessed using heart rate (HR). A further 89 participants took part in the TSST-G without the walk. Stress responsiveness was assessed using salivary cortisol collected at 10-min intervals on seven occasions.

Results: Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that average walking HR accounted for 9% of the variance in cortisol secretion (P = .016), where a higher HR was associated with higher cortisol secretion. Between-subjects ANCOVA revealed that the walking group had a significantly lower cortisol secretion than the non-walking group (P = .009).

Conclusions: These findings indicate that fitter individuals have reduced cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress. They also indicate that prior PA can reduce cortisol concentrations during psychosocial stress and are suggestive of a role of PA in reducing the impact of stress on health.

Keywords Fitness, psychosocial stress, physical activity, cortisol, health
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Journal citation31 (2), pp. 135-145
ISSN1061-5806
Year2018
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscriptAccepted Pdf.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083
Web address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083
Publication dates
Published16 Oct 2017

Related outputs

Endurance exercise reduces cortisol in Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment
Smyth, N., Skender, E., David, F.J., Munoz, M.J., Fantozzi, G., Clow, A., Goldman, J.G. and Corcos, D.M. 2019. Endurance exercise reduces cortisol in Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment. Movement Disorders. 34 (8), pp. 1238-1239. doi:10.1002/mds.27719

The Psychology of the Paranormal
Groome, D., Eysenck, M. and Law, R. 2019. The Psychology of the Paranormal. Routledge.

The health impact of nature exposure and green exercise across the life course: a pilot study
Wood, C. and Smyth, N. 2019. The health impact of nature exposure and green exercise across the life course: a pilot study. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. pp. 1-10. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1080/09603123.2019.1593327

Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control
Smyth, N., Flynn, M., Rajcani, J., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L., Wood, C., Golding, J.F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2019. Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 104, pp. 185-190. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.02.028

Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control
Smyth, N., Flynn, M., Rajcani, J., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L., Wood, C., Golding, J., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2019. Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control . Psychoneuroendocrinology. 104, pp. 185-190. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.02.028

Salience versus magnitude in the measurement of the cortisol awakening response
Evans, P., Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2019. Salience versus magnitude in the measurement of the cortisol awakening response. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 103, pp. 249-258. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.01.023

Repressors exhibit lower cortisol reactivity to group psychosocial stress
Oskis, A., Smyth, N., Flynn, M. and Clow, A. 2019. Repressors exhibit lower cortisol reactivity to group psychosocial stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 103, pp. 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.12.220

The roles of social media, clean eating and self-esteem in the risk of disordered eating: A pilot study of self-reported healthy eaters
Fivian, E. and Wood, C. 2019. The roles of social media, clean eating and self-esteem in the risk of disordered eating: A pilot study of self-reported healthy eaters. International Journal of Food, Nutrition and Public Health. 10 (1), pp. 28-39.

Physical Activity in Natural Environments
Wood, C., Richardson, M. and Barton, J. 2018. Physical Activity in Natural Environments. in: Draper, N. and Stratton, G. (ed.) Physical Activity: A Multidisciplinary Introduction Routledge. pp. 307-321

Hormonal measurement in psychobiological research
Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Smyth, N. 2018. Hormonal measurement in psychobiological research. in: Murphy, P.N. (ed.) The Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology London Routledge. pp. 95-108

Enhancing well-being and resilience in people living with cancer. Part 1
Booth, S., Ryan, R., Clow, A., Smyth, N., Sharpe, S. and Spathis, A. 2018. Enhancing well-being and resilience in people living with cancer. Part 1. Cancer Nursing Practice. 17 (5). doi:10.7748/cnp.2018.e1484

The Effect of Omega-3 Supplementation on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage
Kyriakidou, Y., Wood, C., Elliott, B. and Dolci, A. 2018. The Effect of Omega-3 Supplementation on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Europhysiology 2018. London 14 - 16 Sep 2018 The Physiological Society.

Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress
Wood, C., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Law, R. and Smyth, N. 2018. Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 31 (2), pp. 135-145. doi:10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083

The effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment therapy issued interactively through an Ipad device: a non-inferiority study
Griffin, M., Bentley, J., Shanks, J. and Wood, C. 2018. The effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment therapy issued interactively through an Ipad device: a non-inferiority study. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 24 (3), pp. 209-215. doi:10.1177/1357633X17691865

The cortisol awakening response: neuropsychological correlates and implications for function in healthy humans
Law, R. 2017. The cortisol awakening response: neuropsychological correlates and implications for function in healthy humans. PhD thesis University of Westminster Social Sciences

Salivary diurnal cortisol profiles in patients suffering from chronic breathlessness receiving supportive and palliative care services: a cross-sectional study
Ryan, R., Clow, A., Spathis, A., Smyth, N., Barclay, S., Fallon, M. and Booth, S. 2017. Salivary diurnal cortisol profiles in patients suffering from chronic breathlessness receiving supportive and palliative care services: a cross-sectional study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 79, pp. 134-145. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.01.025

Cognition and Belief
Groome, D. and Law, R. 2016. Cognition and Belief. in: Groome, D. and Roberts, R. (ed.) Parapsychology: The Science of Unusual Experience (Second Edition) Psychology Press. pp. 191-198

Biological Cycles and Cognition
Law, R. and Maguire, M. 2016. Biological Cycles and Cognition. in: Groome, D. and Eysenck, M. (ed.) An Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology (Second Edition) Psychology Press. pp. 253-286

Memory Improvement
Law, R. and Groome, D. 2016. Memory Improvement. in: Groome, D. and Eysenck , M.W. (ed.) An Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology (Second Edition) Psychology Press. pp. 125-151

Assessment of the cortisol awakening response: Expert consensus guidelines
Stadler, T., Kirschbaum, C., Kudielka, B.M., Adam, E.K., Jens C. Pruessner, Wüst, S., Dockray, S., Smyth, N., Evans, P., Hellhammer, D.H., Miller, R., Wetherell, M.A., Lupien, S. and Clow, A. 2016. Assessment of the cortisol awakening response: Expert consensus guidelines. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 63, p. 414. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.10.010

Putting the stress on conspiracy theories: examing associations between psychosocial stress, anxiety, and belief in conspiracy theories
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Smyth, N., Weis, L., Ley, A. and Clow, A. 2016. Putting the stress on conspiracy theories: examing associations between psychosocial stress, anxiety, and belief in conspiracy theories. Personality and Individual Differences . 99, pp. 72-76. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.084

Assessment of the cortisol awakening response: Real-time analysis and curvilinear effects of sample timing inaccuracy
Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 2016. Assessment of the cortisol awakening response: Real-time analysis and curvilinear effects of sample timing inaccuracy. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 74, pp. 380-386. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.09.026

Relationship between post-awakening salivary cortisol and melatonin secretion in healthy participants
Ramachandran, N., Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Eardley, A.F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2016. Relationship between post-awakening salivary cortisol and melatonin secretion in healthy participants. Stress. 19 (2), pp. 260-263. doi:10.3109/10253890.2016.1146671

Hair cortisol concentrations in relation to ill-being and well-being in healthy young and old females
Smyth, N., Bianchin, M., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Kirschbaum, C., Stalder, T. and Clow, A. 2016. Hair cortisol concentrations in relation to ill-being and well-being in healthy young and old females. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 102, pp. 12-17. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.03.001

The Wilderness Expedition: An effective life course intervention to improve young peoples well-being and connectedness to nature
Barton, J., Bragg, R., Pretty, J., Roberts, J. and Wood, C. 2016. The Wilderness Expedition: An effective life course intervention to improve young peoples well-being and connectedness to nature. Journal of Experiential Education. 39 (1), pp. 59-72. doi:10.1177/1053825915626933

Improving health and wellbeing independently of GDP: dividends of greener and prosoical economies
Pretty, J., Barton, J., Bharucha, Z., Bragg, R., Pencheon, D., Wood, C. and Depledge, M.H. 2016. Improving health and wellbeing independently of GDP: dividends of greener and prosoical economies. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 26 (1), pp. 11-36. doi:10.1080/09603123.2015.1007841

Detailed time course of the cortisol awakening response in healthy participants
Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2015. Detailed time course of the cortisol awakening response in healthy participants. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 62, pp. 200-203. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.08.011

Post awakening salivary cortisol secretion and trait well-being: The importance of sample timing accuracy
Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2015. Post awakening salivary cortisol secretion and trait well-being: The importance of sample timing accuracy. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 58, pp. 141-151. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.04.019

Anxious attachment style predicts an enhanced cortisol response to group psychosocial stress
Smyth, N., Thorn, L., Oskis, A., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2015. Anxious attachment style predicts an enhanced cortisol response to group psychosocial stress. Stress. 18 (2), pp. 143-148. doi:10.3109/10253890.2015.1021676

The cortisol awakening response predicts same morning executive function: results from a 50-day case study
Law, R., Evans, P., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2015. The cortisol awakening response predicts same morning executive function: results from a 50-day case study. Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress. 18 (6), pp. 616-621. doi:10.3109/10253890.2015.1076789

Physical Education or Playtime: which is more effective at promoting physical activity in primary school children?
Wood, C. and Hall, K. 2015. Physical Education or Playtime: which is more effective at promoting physical activity in primary school children? BMC Research Notes. 8 (12). doi:10.1186/s13104-015-0979-1

A case-control study of the health and wellbeing benefits of allotment gardening
Wood, C., Pretty, J. and Griffin, M. 2015. A case-control study of the health and wellbeing benefits of allotment gardening. Journal of Public Health. 38 (3), pp. e336-e344. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdv146

Day differences in the cortisol awakening response predict day differences in synaptic plasticity in the brain
Clow, A., Law, R., Evans, P., Vallence, A.M., Hodyl, N.A., Goldsworthy, M.R., Rothwell, J.R. and Ridding, M.C. 2014. Day differences in the cortisol awakening response predict day differences in synaptic plasticity in the brain. Stress. 17 (3), pp. 219-223. doi:10.3109/10253890.2014.905533

The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children
Barton, J., Sandercock, G., Pretty, J. and Wood, C. 2014. The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 25 (2), pp. 196-206. doi:10.1080/09603123.2014.915020

Interactions between physical activity and the environment to improve adolescent psychological wellbeing: a randomised controlled trial
Wood, C., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2014. Interactions between physical activity and the environment to improve adolescent psychological wellbeing: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Environment and Health. 7 (2), pp. 144-155. doi:10.1504/IJENVH.2014.067359

A repeated measures experiment of school playing environment to increase physical activity and enhance self esteem in UK school children
Wood, C., Gladwell, V. and Barton, J. 2014. A repeated measures experiment of school playing environment to increase physical activity and enhance self esteem in UK school children. PLoS ONE. 9 (9). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108701

Salivary cortisol as a biomarker in social science research
Thorn, L., Smyth, N., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2013. Salivary cortisol as a biomarker in social science research. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 7 (9), pp. 605-625. doi:10.1111/spc3.12057

Delays of 5–15 min between awakening and the start of saliva sampling matter in assessment of the cortisol awakening response
Smyth, N., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F. and Evans, P. 2013. Delays of 5–15 min between awakening and the start of saliva sampling matter in assessment of the cortisol awakening response. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38 (9), pp. 1476-1483. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2012.12.013

State variation in the cortisol awakening response
Law, R., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2013. State variation in the cortisol awakening response. Stress. 16 (5), pp. 483-492. doi:10.3109/10253890.2013.817552

Nature for rehabilitating offenders and facilitating therapeutic outcomes for youth at risk
Pretty, J., Wood, C., Hine, R. and Barton, J. 2013. Nature for rehabilitating offenders and facilitating therapeutic outcomes for youth at risk. in: South, N. and Brisman, A. (ed.) Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology Routledge. pp. 184-196

A randomised control trial of physical activity in a perceived environment on self-esteem and mood in UK adolescents
Wood, C., Angus, C., Pretty, J., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2013. A randomised control trial of physical activity in a perceived environment on self-esteem and mood in UK adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 23 (4), pp. 311-320. doi:10.1080/09603123.2012.733935

The great outdoors: how a green exercise environment can benefit all
Gladwell, V., Brown, D., Wood, C., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2013. The great outdoors: how a green exercise environment can benefit all. Extreme Physiology and Medicine. 2 (3). doi:10.1186/2046-7648-2-3

A repeated measures experiment of green exercise to improve self-esteem in UK school children
Reed, K., Wood, C., Barton, J., Cohen, D. and Sandercock, G. 2013. A repeated measures experiment of green exercise to improve self-esteem in UK school children. PLoS ONE. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069176

Cortisol secretion in saliva and hair: methodological considerations and relationships with state and trait well-being
Smyth, N. 2013. Cortisol secretion in saliva and hair: methodological considerations and relationships with state and trait well-being. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages

Knowledge of lung cancer symptoms and risk factors in the UK: development of a measure and results from a population-based survey
Simon, A.E., Juszczyk, D., Smyth, N., Power, E., Hiom, S., Peake, M.D. and Wardle, J. 2012. Knowledge of lung cancer symptoms and risk factors in the UK: development of a measure and results from a population-based survey. Thorax. 67 (5), pp. 426-432. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200898

The reliability of retrieval-induced forgetting
Potts, R., Law, R., Golding, J.F. and Groome, D.H. 2012. The reliability of retrieval-induced forgetting. European Psychologist. 17 (1), pp. 1-10. doi:10.1027/1016-9040/a000040

The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality
Law, R., Groome, D.H., Thorn, L., Potts, R. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 25 (6), pp. 711-718. doi:10.1080/10615806.2011.630070

Health Values from Ecosystems
Pretty, J., Barton, J., Colbeck, I., Hine, R., Mourato, S., Mackerron, G. and Wood, C. 2011. Health Values from Ecosystems. in: UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Technical Report Cambridge UK National Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP-WCMC. pp. 1153-1181

Practice Nurses' views of their role in the management of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalagic Encephalitis: a qualitative study
Chew-Graham, C., Dixon, R., Shaw, J.W., Smyth, N., Lovell, K. and Peters, S. 2009. Practice Nurses' views of their role in the management of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalagic Encephalitis: a qualitative study. BMC Nursing. 8 (2). doi:10.1186/1472-6955-8-2

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q935w/physical-fitness-and-prior-physical-activity-are-both-associated-with-less-cortisol-secretion-during-psychosocial-stress


Share this
Tweet
Email