The rise of global warming scepticism: exploring affective image associations over time

Smith, N. and Leiserowitz, A. 2012. The rise of global warming scepticism: exploring affective image associations over time. Risk Analysis. 32 (6), pp. 1021-1032. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01801.x

TitleThe rise of global warming scepticism: exploring affective image associations over time
AuthorsSmith, N. and Leiserowitz, A.
Abstract

This article explores how affective image associations to global warming have changed over time. Four nationally representative surveys of the American public were conducted between 2002 and 2010 to assess public global warming risk perceptions, policy preferences, and behavior. Affective images (positive or negative feelings and cognitive representations) were collected and content analyzed. The results demonstrate a large increase in “naysayer” associations, indicating extreme skepticism about the issue of climate change. Multiple regression analyses found that holistic affect and “naysayer” associations were more significant predictors of global warming risk perceptions than cultural worldviews or sociodemographic variables, including political party and ideology. The results demonstrate the important role affective imagery plays in judgment and decision-making processes, how these variables change over time, and how global warming is currently perceived by the American public.

JournalRisk Analysis
Journal citation32 (6), pp. 1021-1032
ISSN1539-6924
Year2012
PublisherWiley
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01801.x
Publication dates
Published04 Apr 2012

Related outputs

Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication
Leiserowitz, A. and Smith, N. 2017. Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication. in: Oxford Encyclopaedia of Climate Science Oxford Oxford University Press.

Catholics and Climate Change Skepticism
Vincentnathan, L., Vincentnathan, S.G. and Smith, N. 2016. Catholics and Climate Change Skepticism. Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology. 20 (2), pp. 125-149. doi:10.1163/15685357-02002005

City dweller aspirations for cities of the future: How do environmental and personal wellbeing feature?
Joffe, H. and Smith, N. 2016. City dweller aspirations for cities of the future: How do environmental and personal wellbeing feature? Cities. 59, pp. 102-112. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2016.06.006

Social Representations of Threatening Phenomena: The Self-Other Thema and Identity Protection
Smith, N., O'Connor, C. and Joffe, H. 2015. Social Representations of Threatening Phenomena: The Self-Other Thema and Identity Protection. Papers on Social Representations. 24 (2), pp. 1.1-1.23.

The Role of Emotion in Global Warming Policy Support and Opposition
Smith, N. and Leiserowitz, A. 2014. The Role of Emotion in Global Warming Policy Support and Opposition. Risk Analysis. 34 (5), p. 937–948. doi:10.1111/risa.12140

Climate change and visual imagery
O'Neill, S. and Smith, N. 2014. Climate change and visual imagery. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. 5 (1), pp. 73-87. doi:10.1002/wcc.249

American evangelicals and global warming
Smith, N. and Leiserowitz, A. 2013. American evangelicals and global warming. Global Environmental Change. 23 (5), p. 1009–1017. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.04.001

Climategate, Public Opinion, and the Loss of Trust
Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Smith, N. and Dawson, E. 2013. Climategate, Public Opinion, and the Loss of Trust. American Behavioral Scientist. 57 (6), pp. 818-837. doi:10.1177/0002764212458272

How the public engages in climate change: A social representations approach
Smith, N. and Joffe, H. 2013. How the public engages in climate change: A social representations approach. Public Understanding of Science. 22 (1), pp. 16-32. doi:10.1177/0963662512440913

Climate change in the British press: The role of the visual
Smith, N. and Joffe, H. 2009. Climate change in the British press: The role of the visual. Journal of Risk Research. 12 (5), pp. 647-663. doi:10.1080/13669870802586512

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/9vq03/the-rise-of-global-warming-scepticism-exploring-affective-image-associations-over-time


Share this
Tweet
Email