|Authors||Cobb, L.J., Salih, D.A., González, I., Tripathi, G., Carter, E.J., Lovett, F., Holding, C. and Pell, J.M.|
Igfbp5 is upregulated during the differentiation of several key cell lineages and in some tumours; the function of IGFBP-5 in these physiological and pathological situations is unknown. Since IGFBP-5 contains sequence motifs consistent with IGF-independent actions, the aim of these studies was to distinguish between IGF-dependent and -independent actions of IGFBP-5. Myc-tagged wild-type (termed wtIGFBP-5) and non-IGF binding mouse Igfbp5 (termed mutIGFBP-5) cDNAs were generated and used to transfect C2 myoblasts, a cell line that undergoes differentiation to myotubes in an IGF- and IGFBP-5-regulated manner. WtIGFBP-5, but not mutIGFBP-5, inhibited myogenesis, as assessed by cell morphology, MHC immunocytochemistry and caveolin 3 expression. However, both wt- and mutIGFBP-5 increased cell survival and decreased apoptosis, as indicated by decreased caspase-3 activity and cell surface annexin V binding. Further examination of apoptotic pathways revealed that wt- and mutIGFBP-5 ameliorated the increase in caspase-9 but not the modest increase in caspase-8 during myogenesis, suggesting that IGFBP-5 increased cell survival via inhibition of intrinsic cell death pathways in an IGF-independent manner. The relationship between IGF-II and IGFBP-5 was examined further by cotransfecting C2 myoblasts with antisense Igf2 (previously established to induce increased cell death) and Igfbp5; both wt- and mutIGFBP-5 conferred equivalent protection against the decreased cell survival and increased apoptosis. In conclusion, we have partitioned IGFBP-5 action in myogenesis into IGF-dependent inhibition of differentiation and IGF-independent cell survival. Our findings suggest that, by regulation of cell survival, IGFBP-5 has an autonomous role in the regulation of cell fate in development and in tumourigenesis.