Brexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading

Frantziou, E. and Eeckhout, P. 2017. Brexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading. Common Market Law Review. 54 (2017), pp. 695-734.

TitleBrexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading
AuthorsFrantziou, E. and Eeckhout, P.
Abstract

This article considers the constitutional requirements and implications of Article 50 TEU for the EU. It argues that it is essential to read Article 50 in light of the features of the Treaty of which it forms part together with its drafting context, that of the Convention on the Future of Europe, as well as the substantive protections of EU constitutional law. The article demonstrates that important constitutional constraints are in place in EU law, which can affect the most significant debates in the withdrawal process, namely: the manner in which notification to withdraw from the Union is given; the revocability of a decision to withdraw; and the legal basis and content of the withdrawal agreement. Most importantly, a reading of Article 50 informed by key constitutional features of the EU legal order stipulates clear duties for the EU to respect the UK’s constitutional requirements and to protect, in any eventual agreement, acquired rights for EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the EU, by emphasizing the illegality of a non-compliant withdrawal agreement from the EU perspective.

KeywordsBrexit, EU, European law, EU law, fundamental rights
JournalCommon Market Law Review
Journal citation54 (2017), pp. 695-734
ISSN0165-0750
Year2017
PublisherKluwer Law International
Accepted author manuscriptEeckhout Frantziou ARTICLE 50 TEU.pdf
Web address (URL)https://www.kluwerlawonline.com/abstract.php?area=Journals&id=COLA2017058
Publication dates
Published01 May 2017

Related outputs

Constitutional Reasoning in the European Union and the Charter of Fundamental Rights: In Search of Public Justification
Frantziou, E. 2019. Constitutional Reasoning in the European Union and the Charter of Fundamental Rights: In Search of Public Justification. European Public Law. 25 (2).

Brexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading
Eeckhout, P. and Frantziou, E. 2016. Brexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading. London UCL European Institute.

A ‘right to have rights’ in the EU public sphere? An Arendtian justification for the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
Frantziou, E. 2016. A ‘right to have rights’ in the EU public sphere? An Arendtian justification for the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. University of Birmingham.

The Horizontal Effect of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: Rediscovering the Reasons for Horizontality
Frantziou, E. 2015. The Horizontal Effect of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: Rediscovering the Reasons for Horizontality. European Law Journal. 21 (5), pp. 657-679. doi:10.1111/eulj.12137

‘Further developments in the right to be forgotten: The European Court’s judgment in Case C-131/12, Google Spain, SL, Google Inc v Agencia Espanola de Proteccion de Datos’
Frantziou, E. 2014. ‘Further developments in the right to be forgotten: The European Court’s judgment in Case C-131/12, Google Spain, SL, Google Inc v Agencia Espanola de Proteccion de Datos’. Human Rights Law Review. 14 (4), pp. 761-777. doi:10.1093/hrlr/ngu033

Case C-176/12 Association de Médiation Sociale v Hichem Laboubi – Some Reflections on the Horizontal Effect of the Charter and the Reach of Fundamental Employment Rights in the European Union
Frantziou, E. 2014. Case C-176/12 Association de Médiation Sociale v Hichem Laboubi – Some Reflections on the Horizontal Effect of the Charter and the Reach of Fundamental Employment Rights in the European Union. European Constitutional Law Review (EuConst). 10 (2), pp. 332-348. doi:10.1017/S1574019614001205

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/q1135/brexit-and-article-50-teu-a-constitutionalist-reading


Share this
Tweet
Email