Volumetric, relaxometric and diffusometric correlates of psychotic experiences in a non-clinical sample of young adults

Drakesmith, M., Dutt, A., Fonville, L., Zammit, S., Reichenberg, A., Evans, C.J., McGuire, P., Lewis, G., Jones, D.L. and David, A.S. 2016. Volumetric, relaxometric and diffusometric correlates of psychotic experiences in a non-clinical sample of young adults. Neuroimage: Clinical. 12, pp. 550-558. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2016.09.002

TitleVolumetric, relaxometric and diffusometric correlates of psychotic experiences in a non-clinical sample of young adults
AuthorsDrakesmith, M., Dutt, A., Fonville, L., Zammit, S., Reichenberg, A., Evans, C.J., McGuire, P., Lewis, G., Jones, D.L. and David, A.S.
Abstract

Background
Grey matter (GM) abnormalities are robust features of schizophrenia and of people at ultra high-risk for psychosis. However the extent to which neuroanatomical alterations are evident in non-clinical subjects with isolated psychotic experiences is less clear.

Methods
Individuals (mean age 20 years) with (n = 123) or without (n = 125) psychotic experiences (PEs) were identified from a population-based cohort. All underwent T1-weighted structural, diffusion and quantitative T1 relaxometry MRI, to characterise GM macrostructure, microstructure and myelination respectively. Differences in quantitative GM structure were assessed using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Binary and ordinal models of PEs were tested. Correlations between socioeconomic and other risk factors for psychosis with cortical GM measures were also computed.

Results
GM volume in the left supra-marginal gyrus was reduced in individuals with PEs relative to those with no PEs. The greater the severity of PEs, the greater the reduction in T1 relaxation rate (R1) across left temporoparietal and right pre-frontal cortices. In these regions, R1 was positively correlated with maternal education and inversely correlated with general psychopathology.

Conclusions
PEs in non-clinical subjects were associated with regional reductions in grey-matter volume reduction and T1 relaxation rate. The alterations in T1 relaxation rate were also linked to the level of general psychopathology. Follow up of these subjects should clarify whether these alterations predict the later development of an ultra high-risk state or a psychotic disorder.

KeywordsPsychotic experiences
Psychosis
MRI
JournalNeuroimage: Clinical
Journal citation12, pp. 550-558
ISSN2213-1582
Year2016
PublisherElsevier
Publisher's version
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2016.09.002
Publication dates
Published in printFeb 2016
Published online04 Sep 2016
Published04 Sep 2016
LicenseCC BY 4.0

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