Collective Culpability in Costa Rica: The Case of Quince Duncan’s Kimbo

Harvey-Kattou, L. 2019. Collective Culpability in Costa Rica: The Case of Quince Duncan’s Kimbo . in: Crime Fiction in Latin America Peter Lang.

Chapter titleCollective Culpability in Costa Rica: The Case of Quince Duncan’s Kimbo
AuthorsHarvey-Kattou, L.
Abstract

Despite Costa Rica’s peaceful rhetoric, Quince Duncan’s 1989 novel, Kimbo, portrays civil society as so corrupt it would rather condemn and kill an innocent man than admit to individual faults. This article therefore considers the nation as a crime scene in Kimbo, whereby the State and its deputies are the perpetrators of several crimes. Using Antonio Gramsci’s and Louis Althusser’s concepts of the State, civil society and subaltern to discuss the idea of a nationwide, collective culpability, it analyses the roles played by the ‘voices’ versus the ‘voiceless’ in the novel. It argues that the former group incorporates Repressive State Apparatus and Ideological State Apparatus, such as the police, judiciary and the Catholic Church, while the latter comprises marginalized groups such as Afro–Costa Ricans, women and the poor.

KeywordsCosta Rica; Central American crime fiction; Quince Duncan; Kimbo; Antonio Gramsci; Louis Althusser.
Book titleCrime Fiction in Latin America
Year2019
PublisherPeter Lang

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