The sharing of ballistics data across Europe and neighboring territories

Gerard, J., Crookes, R. L., Eliott, S., Hellenbach, M., Stamos, A., Poole, H. and Bowen, E. 2017. The sharing of ballistics data across Europe and neighboring territories. Science and Justice. 57 (5), pp. 384-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2017.04.010

TitleThe sharing of ballistics data across Europe and neighboring territories
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGerard, J.
Crookes, R. L.
Eliott, S.
Hellenbach, M.
Stamos, A.
Poole, H.
Bowen, E.
Abstract

The current study explored the use of ballistic examinations and cross-border information sharing across 14 European countries. The presented data were collected using a mixed methods technique consisting of semi-structured interviews and questionnaires that were completed by participants. The results painted a very heterogeneous picture of the use of automated ballistic systems across these countries, as well as how ballistic analyses are integrated in the fight against gun-enabled crime. Three super-ordinates themes emerged from the thematic analysis: use of automated ballistic systems; Ballistic evidence recovery and analysis; knowledge exchange and best practices. The ability to draw firm conclusions regarding the value of ballistics comparison systems, either on a national or cross-border basis, is hampered by inconsistencies regarding data recording practices and definitions. Therefore, key recommendations are suggested to establish better cross border cooperation between member states and develop a better understanding of data sharing procedures.

KeywordsFirearm; Ballistic evidence sharing; European ballistic database; Open case file; Cross-border comparison
JournalScience and Justice
Journal citation57 (5), pp. 384-393
ISSN1355-0306
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2017.04.010
Publication dates
Published01 May 2017
LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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