|Chapter title||Juvenile Homicide in Belgium|
Research on juvenile homicide in Belgium is scarce, which is partly due to the difficulty in accessing reliable data and cases. The Belgian juvenile justice system is based on a protective model in which those under 18 are viewed as not criminally responsible; each case is considered at a medical psychosocial level to assess the most appropriate judicial measure for the child. Educative and protection measures are favored if found more appropriate than a tougher punishment, such as a placement in a public youth institution. This chapter describes some of the methodological issues in terms of definitions in this area of research, as well as the lack of coherence and consistency across Belgian databases. The incidence and the characteristics of juvenile homicide in Belgium are highlighted, followed by some explanations regarding how the penal law is applied to these young people and how they are handled in the youth justice system and the adult justice system if transferred. Finally, this chapter discusses reentry and recidivism and concludes with a summary of key points.
|Book title||The Routledge International Handbook of Juvenile Homicide|
|Published||22 Dec 2023|
|Published in print||2024|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003242833-10|
|Web address (URL)||https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003242833-10|