Exploration of crime‐scene characteristics in juvenile homicide in the French‐speaking part of Belgium

Gerard, F.J., Whitfield, K. and Browne, K. 2020. Exploration of crime‐scene characteristics in juvenile homicide in the French‐speaking part of Belgium. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 35 (13-14), pp. 2399-2421. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517702489

TitleExploration of crime‐scene characteristics in juvenile homicide in the French‐speaking part of Belgium
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGerard, F.J., Whitfield, K. and Browne, K.
Abstract

This study explores modeling crime-scene characteristics of juvenile homicide in the French-speaking part of Belgium. Multidimensional scaling analysis was carried out on crime-scene characteristics derived from the court files of 67 individuals under 22 years old, who had been charged with murder or attempted murder (1995-2009). Three thematic regions (Expressive: multiple offenders; Instrumental: theft; Instrumental: sex/forensic awareness) distinguished types of aggression displayed during the offense. These themes reaffirm that the expressive–instrumental differentiation found in general homicide studies is valuable when attempting to discriminate juvenile homicides. The proposed framework was found useful to classify the offenses, as 84% of homicides were assigned to a dominant theme. Additionally, associations between crime-scene characteristics and offenders’ characteristics were analyzed, but no associations were found, therefore failing to provide empirical support for the homology assumption. Cultural comparisons, as well as the influence of age on the thematic structure are discussed.

Keywordshomicide
crime-scene analysis
juvenile homicide
profiling
classification
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Journal citation35 (13-14), pp. 2399-2421
ISSN0886-2605
Year2020
PublisherSage
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517702489
Publication dates
Published online13 Apr 2017
Published in print01 Jul 2020

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