|Title||Parliamentary Influence Ten Years after Lisbon: EU Trade Negotiations with Japan|
|Authors||Frennhoff Larsen, M.|
The Lisbon Treaty altered the way EU trade negotiations are conducted by providing significant new powers to the European Parliament. Using the EU-Japan trade negotiations, which led to the biggest free trade agreement either side had ever concluded, and which was the first EU trade negotiations where the whole process – from scoping to finalising – took place post Lisbon, this article explores how the new parliamentary powers have translated into actual influence. Adopting an embedded two-level game approach, the article demonstrates how the European Parliament has transformed into an influential actor, with an impact on both substantial and procedural matters. It was involved in the domestic intra-EU negotiations, where it exercised control and influence over the Commission negotiators, and in the international negotiations, where it engaged in cross-table negotiations with the Japanese negotiators and their domestic constituents, to ensure its interests were reflected in the final agreement. In addition, the EU-Japan negotiations were embedded in a network of past, parallel and future trade negotiations, which shaped the position and strategies of the European Parliament, and the nature and progress of the negotiations overall.
|Keywords||European Union, European Parliament, Trade, Negotiations, Japan, Two-Level Game|
|Journal||Journal of Common Market Studies|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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