Body image and personality: associations between the big five personality factors, actual-ideal weight discrepancy, and body appreciation

Swami, V., Tran, U.S., Hoffmann Brooks, L., Kanaan, L., Luesse, E.M., Nader, I.W., Pietschnig, J., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M. 2013. Body image and personality: associations between the big five personality factors, actual-ideal weight discrepancy, and body appreciation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 54 (2), pp. 146-151.

TitleBody image and personality: associations between the big five personality factors, actual-ideal weight discrepancy, and body appreciation
AuthorsSwami, V., Tran, U.S., Hoffmann Brooks, L., Kanaan, L., Luesse, E.M., Nader, I.W., Pietschnig, J., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M.
Abstract

Studies have suggested associations between personality dimensions and body image constructs, but these have not been conclusively established. In two studies, we examined direct associations between the Big Five dimensions and two body image constructs, actual-ideal weight discrepancy and body appreciation. In Study 1, 950 women completed measures of both body image constructs and a brief measure of the Big Five dimensions. In Study 2, 339 women completed measures of the body image constructs and a more reliable measure of the Big Five. Both studies showed that Neuroticism was significantly associated with actual-ideal weight discrepancy (positively) and body appreciation (negatively) once the effects of body mass index and social status had been accounted for. These results are consistent with the suggestion that Neuroticism is a trait of public health significance requiring attention by body image scholars.

JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Journal citation54 (2), pp. 146-151
ISSN0036-5564
YearApr 2013
PublisherWiley
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/sjop.12014
Publication dates
PublishedApr 2013

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Ahmetoglu, G. and Swami, V. 2012. Do women prefer “nice guys”? The effect of male dominance behavior on women’s ratings of sexual attractiveness. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 40 (4).

Perceptions and meta-perceptions of self and partner physical attractiveness
Swami, V., Waters, L. and Furnham, A. 2011. Perceptions and meta-perceptions of self and partner physical attractiveness. Personality and Individual Differences. 49 (7), pp. 811-814.

Further examination of the psychometric properties of the Malay Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
Swami, V. 2012. Further examination of the psychometric properties of the Malay Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. in: de Wals, S. and Meszaros, K. (ed.) Handbook on psychology of self-esteem Hauppauge, NY Nova Science Publishers. pp. 371-380

Examining mental health literacy and its correlates using the overclaiming technique
Swami, V., Papanicolaou, A. and Furnham, A. 2011. Examining mental health literacy and its correlates using the overclaiming technique. British Journal of Psychology. 102 (3), pp. 662-675.

The influence of practitioner nationality, experience, and sex in shaping patient preferences for dentists
Swami, V., McClelland, A., Bedi, R. and Furnham, A. 2011. The influence of practitioner nationality, experience, and sex in shaping patient preferences for dentists. International Dental Journal. 61 (4), pp. 193-198.

Preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the Psychiatric Scepticism Scale
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2011. Preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the Psychiatric Scepticism Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 52 (4), pp. 399-403.

Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: Evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories
Swami, V., Coles, R., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., Furnham, A., Rehim, S. and Voracek, M. 2011. Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: Evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories. British Journal of Psychology. 102 (3), pp. 443-463.

An assessment of positive illusions of the physical attractiveness of romantic partners
Barelds, D.P.H., Dijkstra, P., Koudenburg, N. and Swami, V. 2011. An assessment of positive illusions of the physical attractiveness of romantic partners. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 28 (5), pp. 706-719.

Alien psychology: associations between extraterrestrial beliefs and paranormal ideation, superstitious beliefs, schizotypy, and the Big Five personality factors
Swami, V., Pietschnig, J., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M. 2011. Alien psychology: associations between extraterrestrial beliefs and paranormal ideation, superstitious beliefs, schizotypy, and the Big Five personality factors. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 25 (4), pp. 647-653.

Factors influencing attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help among South Asian students in Britain
Soorkia, R., Snelgar, R.S. and Swami, V. 2011. Factors influencing attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help among South Asian students in Britain. Mental Health, Religion & Culture. 14 (6), pp. 613-623.

Marked for life? A prospective study of tattoos on appearance anxiety and dissatisfaction, perceptions of uniqueness, and self-esteem
Swami, V. 2011. Marked for life? A prospective study of tattoos on appearance anxiety and dissatisfaction, perceptions of uniqueness, and self-esteem. Body Image. 8 (3), pp. 237-244.

The recognition of mental health disorders and its association with psychiatric scepticism, knowledge of psychiatry, and the Big Five personality factors: an investigation using the overclaiming technique
Swami, V., Persaud, R. and Furnham, A. 2011. The recognition of mental health disorders and its association with psychiatric scepticism, knowledge of psychiatry, and the Big Five personality factors: an investigation using the overclaiming technique. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 46 (3), pp. 181-189.

Personality, individual difference, and demographic antecedents of household waste management behaviours
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Snelgar, R.S. and Furnham, A. 2011. Personality, individual difference, and demographic antecedents of household waste management behaviours. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 31 (1), pp. 21-26.

The Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale: initial examination of its factor structure and correlates among Brazilian adults
Swami, V., Campana, A.N.N.B., Ferreira, L., Barrett, S., Harris, A.S. and Tavares, M.D.C.G.C.F. 2011. The Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale: initial examination of its factor structure and correlates among Brazilian adults. Body Image. 8 (2), pp. 179-185.

Body dissatisfaction assessed by the Photographic Figure Rating Scale is associated with sociocultural, personality, and media influences
Swami, V., Taylor, R. and Carvalho, C. 2011. Body dissatisfaction assessed by the Photographic Figure Rating Scale is associated with sociocultural, personality, and media influences. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 52 (1), pp. 57-63.

The evolutionary psychology of human beauty
Swami, V. and Salem, N. 2011. The evolutionary psychology of human beauty. in: Swami, V. (ed.) Evolutionary psychology: a critical introduction Oxford Wiley. pp. 131-182

Celebrity worship among university students in Malaysia: a methodological contribution to the Celebrity Attitude Scale
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Mastor, K., Siran, F.H., Mohsein, M., Said, M., Jaafar, J.L., Sinniah, D. and Pillai, S.K. 2011. Celebrity worship among university students in Malaysia: a methodological contribution to the Celebrity Attitude Scale. European Psychologist. 16 (4), pp. 334-342.

Acceptance of cosmetic surgery among British female university students: are there ethnic differences?
Swami, V., Campana, A.N.N.B. and Coles, R. 2011. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery among British female university students: are there ethnic differences? European Psychologist. 17 (1), pp. 55-62.

British men’s hair color preferences: An assessment of courtship solicitation and stimulus ratings
Swami, V. and Barrett, S. 2011. British men’s hair color preferences: An assessment of courtship solicitation and stimulus ratings. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 52 (6), pp. 595-600.

Love at first sight? Individual differences and the psychology of initial romantic attraction
Swami, V. 2011. Love at first sight? Individual differences and the psychology of initial romantic attraction. in: Chamorro-Premuzic, T., von Stumm, S. and Furnham, A. (ed.) The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of individual differences Oxford Wiley. pp. 747-772

Evolutionary perspectives on human appearance and body image
Swami, V. 2011. Evolutionary perspectives on human appearance and body image. in: Cash, T.F. and Smolak, L. (ed.) Body image: a handbook of science, practice, and prevention. 2nd edition New York Guilford Press. pp. 20-28

A comparison of the trait emotional intelligence profiles of individuals with and without Asperger syndrome
Petrides, K.V., Hudry, K., Michalaria, G., Swami, V. and Sevdalis, N. 2011. A comparison of the trait emotional intelligence profiles of individuals with and without Asperger syndrome. Autism. 15 (6), pp. 671-682.

A cross-cultural investigation of men's judgements of female body weight in Britain and Indonesia
Swami, V., Henderson, G., Custance, D. and Tovee, M.J. 2011. A cross-cultural investigation of men's judgements of female body weight in Britain and Indonesia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 42 (1), pp. 140-145.

Religious beliefs, coping skills and responsibility to family as factors protecting against deliberate self-harm
Kannan, K., Pillai, S.K., Gill, J.S., Hui, K.O. and Swami, V. 2010. Religious beliefs, coping skills and responsibility to family as factors protecting against deliberate self-harm. South African Journal of Psychiatry. 16 (4), pp. 138-146.

Multi-method personality assessment of butchers and hunters: beliefs and reality
Voracek, M., Gabler, D., Kreutzer, C., Stieger, S., Swami, V. and Formann, A.K. 2010. Multi-method personality assessment of butchers and hunters: beliefs and reality. Personality and Individual Differences. 49 (7), pp. 819-822.

More than just skin deep? Personality information influences men's ratings of the attractiveness of women's body sizes
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Akbar, K., Gordon, N., Harris, T., Finch, J. and Tovee, M.J. 2010. More than just skin deep? Personality information influences men's ratings of the attractiveness of women's body sizes. Journal of Social Psychology. 150 (6), pp. 628-647.

What men really want: a qualitative investigation of men's health needs from the Halton and St Helens Primary Care Trust men's health promotion project
Coles, R., Watkins, F., Swami, V., Jones, S., Woolf, S. and Stanistreet, D. 2010. What men really want: a qualitative investigation of men's health needs from the Halton and St Helens Primary Care Trust men's health promotion project. British Journal of Health Psychology. 15 (4), pp. 921-939.

Personality predictors of artistic preferences as a function of the emotional valence and perceived complexity of paintings
Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Burke, C., Hsu, A. and Swami, V. 2010. Personality predictors of artistic preferences as a function of the emotional valence and perceived complexity of paintings. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. 4 (4), pp. 196-204.

Associations between trait emotional intelligence, actual–ideal weight discrepancy, and positive body image
Swami, V., Begum, S. and Petrides, K.V. 2010. Associations between trait emotional intelligence, actual–ideal weight discrepancy, and positive body image. Personality and Individual Differences. 49 (5), pp. 485-489.

The relationship between dimensions of love, personality, and relationship length
Ahmetoglu, G., Swami, V. and Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 2010. The relationship between dimensions of love, personality, and relationship length. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 39 (5), pp. 1181-1190.

Public knowledge and beliefs about depression among urban and rural Malays in Malaysia
Swami, V., Loo, P.W. and Furnham, A. 2010. Public knowledge and beliefs about depression among urban and rural Malays in Malaysia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 56 (5), pp. 480-496.

Oppressive beliefs at play: associations among beauty ideals and practices and individual differences in sexism, objectification of others, and media exposure
Swami, V., Coles, R., Wilson, E., Salem, N., Wyrozumska, K. and Furnham, A. 2010. Oppressive beliefs at play: associations among beauty ideals and practices and individual differences in sexism, objectification of others, and media exposure. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 34 (3), pp. 365-379.

Unanswered questions: A preliminary investigation of personality and individual difference predictors of 9/11 conspiracist beliefs
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. and Furnham, A. 2010. Unanswered questions: A preliminary investigation of personality and individual difference predictors of 9/11 conspiracist beliefs. Applied Cognitive Pschology. 24 (6), pp. 749-761.

Translation and validation of the Malay Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale
Swami, V. 2010. Translation and validation of the Malay Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale. Body Image. 7 (4), pp. 372-375.

The truth is out there: belief in conspiracy theories
Swami, V. and Coles, R. 2010. The truth is out there: belief in conspiracy theories. The Psychologist. 23 (7), pp. 560-563.

An investigation of weight bias against women and its associations with individual difference factors
Swami, V., Pietschnig, J., Stieger, S., Tovee, M.J. and Voracek, M. 2010. An investigation of weight bias against women and its associations with individual difference factors. Body Image. 7 (3), pp. 194-199.

Prevalence and acceptance of tattoos and piercings: a survey of adults from the Southern German-speaking area of Central Europe
Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., Kastner, C.K., Voracek, M. and Swami, V. 2010. Prevalence and acceptance of tattoos and piercings: a survey of adults from the Southern German-speaking area of Central Europe. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 110 (3C), pp. 1065-1074.

The disinterested play of thought: Individual differences and preference for surrealist motion pictures
Swami, V., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J. and Voracek, M. 2010. The disinterested play of thought: Individual differences and preference for surrealist motion pictures. Personality and Individual Differences. 48 (7), pp. 855-859.

Egoistic, altruistic, and biospheric environmental concerns: a path analytic investigation of their determinants.
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Snelgar, R.S. and Furnham, A. 2010. Egoistic, altruistic, and biospheric environmental concerns: a path analytic investigation of their determinants. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 51 (2), pp. 139-145.

Associations between femininity ideology and body appreciation among British female undergraduates
Swami, V. and Abbasnejad, A. 2010. Associations between femininity ideology and body appreciation among British female undergraduates. Personality and Individual Differences. 48 (5), pp. 685-687.

The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I
Swami, V., Frederick, D.A., Aavik, T., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Anderson, D., Andrianto, S., Arora, A., Brännström, Å., Cunningham, J., Danel, D., Doroszewicz, K., Forbes, G.B., Furnham, A., Greven, C.U., Halberstadt, J., Hao, S., Haubner, T., Hwang, C.S., Inman, M., Jaafar, J.L., Johansson, J., Jung, J., Keser, A., Kretzschmar, U., Lachenicht, L., Li, N.P., Locke, K., Lönnqvist, J.E., Lopez, C., Loutzenhiser, L., Maisel, N.C., McCabe, M.P., McCreary, D.R., McKibbin, W.F., Mussap, A., Neto, F., Nowell, C., Peña Alampay, L., Pillai, S.K., Pokrajac-Bulian, A., Proyer, R.T., Quintelier, K., Ricciardelli, L.A., Rozmus-Wrzesinska, M., Ruch, W., Russo, T., Schütz, A., Shackelford, T.K., Shashidharan, S., Simonetti, F., Sinniah, D., Swami, M., Vandermassen, G., van Duynslaeger, M., Verkasalo, M., Voracek, M., Yee, C.K., Zhang, E.X., Zhang, X. and Zivcic-Becirevic, I. 2010. The attractive female body weight and female body dissatisfaction in 26 countries across 10 world regions: results of the International Body Project I. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 36 (3), pp. 309-325.

Self-assessed intelligence: inter-ethnic, rural–urban, and sex differences in Malaysia
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2010. Self-assessed intelligence: inter-ethnic, rural–urban, and sex differences in Malaysia. Learning and Individual Differences. 20 (1), pp. 51-55.

Psychology in outerspace: personality, individual difference, and demographic predictors of beliefs about extraterrestrial life
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. and Shafi, M. 2010. Psychology in outerspace: personality, individual difference, and demographic predictors of beliefs about extraterrestrial life. European Psychologist. 15 (3), pp. 220-228.

The influence of the hijab (Islamic head-cover) on perceptions of women's attractiveness and intelligence
Mahmud, Y. and Swami, V. 2010. The influence of the hijab (Islamic head-cover) on perceptions of women's attractiveness and intelligence. Body Image. 7 (1), pp. 90-93.

The influence of social class salience on self-assessed intelligence
Kudrna, L., Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2010. The influence of social class salience on self-assessed intelligence. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 38, pp. 861-866.

The correspondence of public perceptions of graduates’ life chances and university departmental funding
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Haubner, T., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M. 2010. The correspondence of public perceptions of graduates’ life chances and university departmental funding. Higher Education. 59 (1), pp. 105-113.

Sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain: a replication and path analytic extension
Swami, V., Arteche, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. and Furnham, A. 2010. Sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain: a replication and path analytic extension. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 45 (1), pp. 57-65.

The influence of leg-to-body ratio (LBR) on judgments of female physical attractiveness: assessments of computer-generated images varying in LBR
Frederick, D.A., Hadji-Michael, M., Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2010. The influence of leg-to-body ratio (LBR) on judgments of female physical attractiveness: assessments of computer-generated images varying in LBR. Body Image. 7 (1), pp. 51-55.

An investigation into assessment centre validity, fairness, and selection drivers
Petrides, K.V., Weinstein, Y., Chou, J., Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2010. An investigation into assessment centre validity, fairness, and selection drivers. Australian Journal of Psychology. 62 (4), pp. 227-235.

Acceptance of cosmetic surgery and celebrity worship: evidence of associations among female undergraduates
Swami, V., Taylor, R. and Carvalho, C. 2009. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery and celebrity worship: evidence of associations among female undergraduates. Personality and Individual Differences. 47 (8), pp. 869-872.

A fair day's wage? Perceptions of public sector pay
Furnham, A., Stieger, S., Haubner, T., Voracek, M. and Swami, V. 2009. A fair day's wage? Perceptions of public sector pay. Psychological Reports. 105 (3), pp. 957-969.

Demographic correlates of just world and unjust beliefs in an Austian sample
Furnham, A., Swami, V., Voracek, M. and Stieger, S. 2009. Demographic correlates of just world and unjust beliefs in an Austian sample. Psychological Reports. 105 (3), pp. 989-994.

A comparison of body size ideals, body dissatisfaction, and media influence between female track athletes, martial artists, and non-athletes
Swami, V., Steadman, L. and Tovee, M.J. 2009. A comparison of body size ideals, body dissatisfaction, and media influence between female track athletes, martial artists, and non-athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 10 (6), pp. 609-614.

Estimates of self, parental, and partner multiple intelligence and their relationship with personality, values, and demographic variables: a study in Britain and France
Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Zilkha, S. 2009. Estimates of self, parental, and partner multiple intelligence and their relationship with personality, values, and demographic variables: a study in Britain and France. Spanish Journal of Psychology. 12 (2), pp. 528-539.

Faking it: personality and individual difference predictors of willingness to buy counterfeit goods
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. and Furnham, A. 2009. Faking it: personality and individual difference predictors of willingness to buy counterfeit goods. Journal of Socio-Economics. 38 (5), pp. 820-825.

A comparison of actual-ideal weight discrepancy, body appreciation, and media influence between street-dancers and non-dancers
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2009. A comparison of actual-ideal weight discrepancy, body appreciation, and media influence between street-dancers and non-dancers. Body Image. 6 (4), pp. 304-307.

Psychometric evaluation of the Tagalog and German subjective happiness scales and a cross-cultural comparison
Swami, V., Stieger, S., Voracek, M., Dressler, S.G., Eisma, L. and Furnham, A. 2009. Psychometric evaluation of the Tagalog and German subjective happiness scales and a cross-cultural comparison. Social Indicators Research. 93 (2), pp. 393-406.

Men's ratings of physical attractiveness, health, and partner suitability simultaneously versus separately: Does it matter whether within- or between-subjects designs are used?
Swami, V. and Hull, C. 2009. Men's ratings of physical attractiveness, health, and partner suitability simultaneously versus separately: Does it matter whether within- or between-subjects designs are used? Body Image. 6 (4), pp. 330-333.

Lay perceptions of current and future health, the causes of illness, and the nature of recovery: explaining health and illness in Malaysia
Swami, V., Arteche, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Maakip, I., Stanistreet, D. and Furnham, A. 2009. Lay perceptions of current and future health, the causes of illness, and the nature of recovery: explaining health and illness in Malaysia. British Journal of Health Psychology. 14 (3), pp. 519-540.

Body appreciation, media influence, and weight status predict consideration of cosmetic surgery among female undergraduates
Swami, V. 2009. Body appreciation, media influence, and weight status predict consideration of cosmetic surgery among female undergraduates. Body Image. 6 (4), pp. 315-317.

"How to spot a psychopath": lay theories of psychopathy
Furnham, A., Daoud, Y. and Swami, V. 2009. "How to spot a psychopath": lay theories of psychopathy. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 44 (6), pp. 464-472.

Men's preferences for women's profile waist-to-hip ratio, breast size, and ethnic group in Britain and South Africa
Swami, V., Jones, J., Einon, D. and Furnham, A. 2009. Men's preferences for women's profile waist-to-hip ratio, breast size, and ethnic group in Britain and South Africa. British Journal of Psychology. 100 (2), pp. 313-325.

Psychometric evaluation of the Malay satisfaction with life scale
Swami, V. and Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 2009. Psychometric evaluation of the Malay satisfaction with life scale. Social Indicators Research. 92 (1), pp. 25-33.

Big and beautiful: attractiveness and health ratings of the female body by male "fat admirers"
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2009. Big and beautiful: attractiveness and health ratings of the female body by male "fat admirers". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 38 (2), pp. 201-208.

An examination of the love-is-blind bias among gay men and lesbians
Swami, V. 2009. An examination of the love-is-blind bias among gay men and lesbians. Body Image. 6 (2), pp. 149-151.

An examination of the factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 in Malaysia
Swami, V. 2009. An examination of the factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 in Malaysia. Body Image. 6 (2), pp. 129 -132.

Patient preferences for dentists
Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2009. Patient preferences for dentists. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 14 (2), pp. 143-149.

The truth is out there: the structure of beliefs about extraterrestrial life among Austrian and British respondents
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Haubner, T., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M. 2009. The truth is out there: the structure of beliefs about extraterrestrial life among Austrian and British respondents. Journal of Social Psychology. 149 (1), pp. 29-43.

Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: personality and individual difference predictors.
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Bridges, S. and Furnham, A. 2009. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: personality and individual difference predictors. Body Image. 6 (1), pp. 7-13.

Evaluating the physical attractiveness of oneself and one's romantic partner
Swami, V., Stieger, S., Haubner, T., Voracek, M. and Furnham, A. 2009. Evaluating the physical attractiveness of oneself and one's romantic partner. Journal of Individual Differences. 30 (1), pp. 35-43.

Are there ethnic differences in positive body image among female British undergraduates?
Swami, V., Airs, N., Chouhan, B., Padilla Leon, M.A. and Towell, A. 2009. Are there ethnic differences in positive body image among female British undergraduates? European Psychologist. 14 (4), pp. 288-296.

The effect of shape and color symmetry on the aesthetic value of Dayak masks from Borneo
Swami, V. 2009. The effect of shape and color symmetry on the aesthetic value of Dayak masks from Borneo. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. 28 (3), pp. 283-294.

Psychometric analysis of the Malay version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) and a comparison of loneliness among sojourning and non-sojourning Malaysian students
Swami, V. 2009. Psychometric analysis of the Malay version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) and a comparison of loneliness among sojourning and non-sojourning Malaysian students. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. 2 (1), pp. 38-50.

Predictors of sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain
Swami, V. 2009. Predictors of sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain. International Journal of Psychology. 44 (4), pp. 266-273.

Abstract reasoning and Big Five personality correlates of creativity in a British occupational sample
Furnham, A., Crump, J. and Swami, V. 2009. Abstract reasoning and Big Five personality correlates of creativity in a British occupational sample. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. 28 (4), pp. 361-370.

Self and other estimates of multiple abilities in Britain and Turkey: a cross-cultural comparison of subjective ratings of intelligence
Furnham, A., Arteche, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Keser, A. and Swami, V. 2009. Self and other estimates of multiple abilities in Britain and Turkey: a cross-cultural comparison of subjective ratings of intelligence. International Journal of Psychology. 44 (6), pp. 434-442.

The effects of background auditory interference and extraversion on creative and cognitive task performance
Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Swami, V., Terrado, A. and Furnham, A. 2009. The effects of background auditory interference and extraversion on creative and cognitive task performance. International Journal of Psychological Studies. 1 (2), pp. 18-24.

The big five personality traits and uses of music: a replication in Malaysia using structural equation modelling
Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Maakip, I. 2009. The big five personality traits and uses of music: a replication in Malaysia using structural equation modelling. Journal of Individual Differences. 30 (1), pp. 20-27.

Big beautiful women: the body size preferences of male fat admirers
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2009. Big beautiful women: the body size preferences of male fat admirers. Journal of Sex Research. 46 (1), pp. 89-96.

Gender, health inequalities and welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of 13 European countries
Bambra, C., Pope, D., Swami, V., Stanistreet, D., Roskam, A., Kunst, A. and Scott-Samuel, A. 2009. Gender, health inequalities and welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of 13 European countries. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 63 (1), pp. 38-44.

The beliefs in the inheritance of risk factors for suicide ccale (BIRFSS): cross-cultural validation in Estonia, Malaysia, Romania, the United Kingdom, and the United States
Voracek, M., Loibl, L.M., Swami, V., Vintilă, M., Kõlves, K., Sinniah, D., Pillai, S.K., Ponnusamy, S., Sonneck, G., Furnham, A. and Lester, D. 2008. The beliefs in the inheritance of risk factors for suicide ccale (BIRFSS): cross-cultural validation in Estonia, Malaysia, Romania, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 38 (6), pp. 688-698.

The influence of skin tone, body weight, and hair colour on perceptions of women's attractiveness and health: a cross-cultural investigation
Swami, V., Rozmus-Wrzesinska, M., Voracek, M., Haubner, T., Danel, D., Pawlowski, B., Stanistreet, D., Chaplin, F., Chaudhri, J., Sheth, P., Shostak, A., Zhang, E.X. and Furnham, A. 2008. The influence of skin tone, body weight, and hair colour on perceptions of women's attractiveness and health: a cross-cultural investigation. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 6 (4), pp. 321-341.

Factor structure of the Body Appreciation Scale among Malaysian women
Swami, V. and Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 2008. Factor structure of the Body Appreciation Scale among Malaysian women. Body Image. 5 (4), pp. 409-413.

Patient preferences for psychological counsellors: evidence of a similarity effect
Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2008. Patient preferences for psychological counsellors: evidence of a similarity effect. Counselling Psychology Quarterly. 21 (4), pp. 361-370.

Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes
Swami, V., Buchanan, T., Furnham, A. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes. Personality and Individual Differences. 45 (7), pp. 697-699.

A beauty-map of London: ratings of the physical attractiveness of women and men in London’s boroughs
Swami, V. and Hernandez, E.G. 2008. A beauty-map of London: ratings of the physical attractiveness of women and men in London’s boroughs. Personality and Individual Differences. 45 (5), pp. 361-366.

The influence of skin tone, hair length, and hair colour on ratings of women's physical attractiveness, health and fertility
Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Joshi, K. 2008. The influence of skin tone, hair length, and hair colour on ratings of women's physical attractiveness, health and fertility. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 49 (5), pp. 429-437.

Factors influencing preferences for height: a replication and extension
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Balakumar, N., Williams, C., Canaway, K. and Stanistreet, D. 2008. Factors influencing preferences for height: a replication and extension. Personality and Individual Differences. 45 (5), pp. 395-400.

Lonelier, lazier, and teased: the stigmatizing effect of body size
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Amin, R., Chaudhri, J., Joshi, K., Jundi, S., Miller, R., Mirza-Begum, J., Begum, F.N., Sheth, P. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Lonelier, lazier, and teased: the stigmatizing effect of body size. Journal of Social Psychology. 148 (5), pp. 577-593.

Personality and individual difference correlates of positive body image
Swami, V., Hadji-Michael, M. and Furnham, A. 2008. Personality and individual difference correlates of positive body image. Body Image. 5 (3), pp. 322-325.

Translation and validation of the Malay subjective happiness scale
Swami, V. 2008. Translation and validation of the Malay subjective happiness scale. Social Indicators Research. 88 (2), pp. 247-353.

'If Michael Owen drinks it, why can't I?' - 9 and 10 year olds' perceptions of physical activity and healthy eating
Gosling, R., Stanistreet, D. and Swami, V. 2008. 'If Michael Owen drinks it, why can't I?' - 9 and 10 year olds' perceptions of physical activity and healthy eating. Health Education Journal. 67 (3), pp. 167-181.

Preferences for body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio do not vary with observer age
George, H.R., Swami, V., Cornelissen, P.L. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Preferences for body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio do not vary with observer age. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 6 (3), pp. 207-218.

Does financial security influence judgements of female physical attractiveness?
Swami, V., Tovee, M.J. and Furnham, A. 2008. Does financial security influence judgements of female physical attractiveness? Journal of Socio-Economics. 37 (4), pp. 1363-1370.

Running out of time: a qualitative investigation of homeless men's access to health services
Stanistreet, D., Watkins, F., Bromley, H. and Swami, V. 2008. Running out of time: a qualitative investigation of homeless men's access to health services. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless. 17 (3), pp. 190-212.

Context-dependent preferences for facial dimorphism in a rural Malaysian population
Scott, I.M., Swami, V., Josephson, S.C. and Penton-Voak, I.S. 2008. Context-dependent preferences for facial dimorphism in a rural Malaysian population. Evolution and Human Behavior. 29 (4), pp. 289-296.

Cognitive ability, learning approaches and personality correlates of general knowledge
Furnham, A., Swami, V., Arteche, A. and Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 2008. Cognitive ability, learning approaches and personality correlates of general knowledge. Educational Psychology. 28 (4), pp. 427-437.

The influence of feminist ascription on judgements of women's physical attractiveness
Swami, V., Salem, N., Furnham, A. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. The influence of feminist ascription on judgements of women's physical attractiveness. Body Image. 5 (2), pp. 224 -229.

Initial examination of the validity and reliability of the female photographic figure rating scale for body image assessment
Swami, V., Salem, N., Furnham, A. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Initial examination of the validity and reliability of the female photographic figure rating scale for body image assessment. Personality and Individual Differences. 44 (8), pp. 1752 -1761.

Attitudes toward the use and role of mobile telephony: a comparison of East and West Malaysia
Swami, V., Maakip, I., Sinniah, D., Pillai, S.K., Subramaniam, P., Kannan, K. and Furnham, A. 2008. Attitudes toward the use and role of mobile telephony: a comparison of East and West Malaysia. Journal of Mobile Multimedia. 4 (2), pp. 149-162.

Free the animals? Investigating attitudes toward animal testing in Britain and the United States
Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Christopher, A.N. 2008. Free the animals? Investigating attitudes toward animal testing in Britain and the United States. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 49 (3), pp. 269-276.

An exploration of the indecisiveness scale in multiethnic Malaysia
Swami, V., Sinniah, D., Subramaniam, P., Pillai, S.K., Kannan, K. and Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 2008. An exploration of the indecisiveness scale in multiethnic Malaysia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 39 (3), pp. 309-316.

Masculinities and suicide
Swami, V., Stanistreet, D. and Payne, S. 2008. Masculinities and suicide. The Psychologist. 21 (4), pp. 308-311.

Weight-based discrimination in occupational hiring and helping behavior
Swami, V., Chan, F., Wong, V., Furnham, A. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Weight-based discrimination in occupational hiring and helping behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 38 (4), pp. 968-981.

German translation and psychometric evaluation of the Body Appreciation Scale
Swami, V., Stieger, S., Haubner, T. and Voracek, M. 2008. German translation and psychometric evaluation of the Body Appreciation Scale. Body Image. 5 (1), pp. 122-127.

Beliefs about the meaning and measurement of intelligence: a cross-cultural comparison of American, British and Malaysian undergraduates
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Maakip, I., Ahmad, M.S., Nawi, N.H.M., Voo, P.S.K., Christopher, A.N. and Garwood, J. 2008. Beliefs about the meaning and measurement of intelligence: a cross-cultural comparison of American, British and Malaysian undergraduates. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 22 (2), pp. 235-246.

Beliefs about schizophrenia and its treatment in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Kannan, K. and Sinniah, D. 2008. Beliefs about schizophrenia and its treatment in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 54 (2), pp. 164-179.

The social construction of gender and its influence on suicide: a review of the literature
Payne, S., Swami, V. and Stanistreet, D. 2008. The social construction of gender and its influence on suicide: a review of the literature. Journal of Men's Health. 5 (1), pp. 23-35.

Is love really so blind?
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2008. Is love really so blind? The Psychologist. 21 (2), pp. 108-111.

Looking good: factors affecting the likelihood of having cosmetic surgery
Swami, V., Arteche, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Furnham, A., Stieger, S., Haubner, T. and Voracek, M. 2008. Looking good: factors affecting the likelihood of having cosmetic surgery. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. 30 (5), pp. 211-218.

The muscular male: a comparison of the physical attractiveness preferences of gay and heterosexual men
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. The muscular male: a comparison of the physical attractiveness preferences of gay and heterosexual men. International Journal of Men’s Health. 7 (1), pp. 59-71.

Perfectly formed? The effect of manipulating the waist-to-hip ratios of famous paintings and sculptures
Swami, V., Grant, N., Furnham, A. and McManus, I.C. 2008. Perfectly formed? The effect of manipulating the waist-to-hip ratios of famous paintings and sculptures. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. 27 (1), pp. 47-62.

Methodological and conceptual issues in the science of physical attraction
Swami, V. 2008. Methodological and conceptual issues in the science of physical attraction. in: Nilsson, I.L. and Lindberg, W.V. (ed.) Visual perception: new research Hauppauge, New York Nova Science Publishers. pp. 232-256

The influence of men's sexual strategies on perceptions of women's bodily attractiveness, health and fertility
Swami, V., Miller, R., Furnham, A., Penke, L. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. The influence of men's sexual strategies on perceptions of women's bodily attractiveness, health and fertility. Personality and Individual Differences. 44 (1), pp. 98-107.

Beliefs in genetic determinism and attitudes towards psychiatric genetic research: psychometric scale properties, construct associations, demographic correlates, and cross-cultural comparisons
Voracek, M., Swami, V., Loibl, L.M. and Furnham, A. 2007. Beliefs in genetic determinism and attitudes towards psychiatric genetic research: psychometric scale properties, construct associations, demographic correlates, and cross-cultural comparisons. Psychological Reports. 101 ((3 Pt 1)), pp. 979-986.

The relative contribution of profile body shape and weight to judgements of women's physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2007. The relative contribution of profile body shape and weight to judgements of women's physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia. Body Image. 4 (4), pp. 391-396.

Unattractive, promiscuous and heavy drinkers: perceptions of women with tattoos
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2007. Unattractive, promiscuous and heavy drinkers: perceptions of women with tattoos. Body Image. 4 (4), pp. 343-352.

Cultural significance of leg-to-body ratio preferences? Evidence from Britain and rural Malaysia
Swami, V., Einon, D. and Furnham, A. 2007. Cultural significance of leg-to-body ratio preferences? Evidence from Britain and rural Malaysia. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 10 (4), pp. 265-269.

Women's empowerment and violent death among women and men in Europe: an ecological study
Stanistreet, D., Swami, V., Pope, D., Bambra, C. and Scott-Samuel, A. 2007. Women's empowerment and violent death among women and men in Europe: an ecological study. Journal of Men's Health & Gender. 4 (3), pp. 257-265.

Factors that affect the likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery
Brown, A., Furnham, A., Glanville, L. and Swami, V. 2007. Factors that affect the likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 27 (5), pp. 501-508.

Preferences for female body size in Britain and the South Pacific
Swami, V., Knight, D., Tovee, M.J., Davies, P. and Furnham, A. 2007. Preferences for female body size in Britain and the South Pacific. Body Image. 4 (3), pp. 219-223.

Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions'
Paine Schofield, C.B., Reips, U.D., Stieger, S., Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2007. Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions'. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 65 (6), pp. 526-536.

Differences in attractiveness preferences between observers in low- and high-resource environments in Thailand
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2007. Differences in attractiveness preferences between observers in low- and high-resource environments in Thailand. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 5 (1-4), pp. 149-160.

Evaluating self and partner physical attractiveness
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Georgiades, C. and Pang, L. 2007. Evaluating self and partner physical attractiveness. Body Image. 4 (1), pp. 97-101.

Perceptions of female body weight and shape among indigenous and urban Europeans
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2007. Perceptions of female body weight and shape among indigenous and urban Europeans. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 48 (1), pp. 43-50.

Male physical attractiveness in Britain and Greece: a cross-cultural study
Swami, V., Smith, J., Tsiokris, A., Georgiades, C., Sangareau, Y., Tovee, M.J. and Furnham, A. 2007. Male physical attractiveness in Britain and Greece: a cross-cultural study. Journal of Social Psychology. 147 (1), pp. 15-26.

More than just skin-deep? A pilot study integrating physical and non-physical factors in the perception of physical attractiveness
Swami, V., Greven, C.U. and Furnham, A. 2007. More than just skin-deep? A pilot study integrating physical and non-physical factors in the perception of physical attractiveness. Personality and Individual Differences. 42 (3), pp. 563-572.

General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression
Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Sinniah, D., Maniam, T., Kannan, K., Stanistreet, D. and Furnham, A. 2007. General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 42 (2), pp. 161-166.

Perception of female buttocks and breast size in profile
Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2007. Perception of female buttocks and breast size in profile. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 35 (1), pp. 1-8.

Healthy body equals beautiful body? Changing perceptions of health and attractiveness with shifting socioeconomic status
Tovee, M.J., Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2007. Healthy body equals beautiful body? Changing perceptions of health and attractiveness with shifting socioeconomic status. in: Furnham, A. and Swami, V. (ed.) The body beautiful: evolutionary and socio-cultural perspectives Basingstoke, UK Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 108-128

Differences in attractiveness preferences between observers in low and high resource environments in Thailand
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2007. Differences in attractiveness preferences between observers in low and high resource environments in Thailand. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 5 (1), pp. 149-160.

Preferences for female body weight and shape in three European countries
Swami, V., Neto, F., Tovee, M.J. and Furnham, A. 2007. Preferences for female body weight and shape in three European countries. European Psychologist. 12 (3), pp. 220-228.

The female nude in Rubens: disconfirmatory evidence of the waist-to-hip ratio hypothesis of female physical attractivenes
Swami, V., Gray, M. and Furnham, A. 2007. The female nude in Rubens: disconfirmatory evidence of the waist-to-hip ratio hypothesis of female physical attractivenes. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. 26 (1-2), pp. 139-147.

A cross-cultural investigation of students’ preferences for lecturers’ personalities in Britain, Malaysia and the United States
Swami, V., Furnham, A., Maakip, I., Ahmad, S., Hudanic, N., Voo, P.S.K., Christopher, A.N. and Garwood, J. 2007. A cross-cultural investigation of students’ preferences for lecturers’ personalities in Britain, Malaysia and the United States. Learning and Individual Differences. 17 (4), pp. 307-315.

The psychology of physical attraction
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2007. The psychology of physical attraction. London, UK Routledge.

The missing arms of Venus de Milo: reflections on the science of attractiveness
Swami, V. 2007. The missing arms of Venus de Milo: reflections on the science of attractiveness. Brighton, UK Book Guild Publishing.

The influence of body weight and shape in dertermining female and male physical attractiveness
Swami, V. 2007. The influence of body weight and shape in dertermining female and male physical attractiveness. in: Johansen, M.D. (ed.) Exercise and health research Hauppauge, New York Nova Science Publishers.

Evolutionary psychology: 'new science of the mind' or 'Darwinian fundamentalism'?
Swami, V. 2007. Evolutionary psychology: 'new science of the mind' or 'Darwinian fundamentalism'? Historical Materialism. 15 (4), pp. 105-136.

Mutual and partaken bliss: an introduction to the science of bodily beauty
Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2007. Mutual and partaken bliss: an introduction to the science of bodily beauty. in: Furnham, A. and Swami, V. (ed.) The body beautiful: evolutionary and socio-cultural perspectives Basingstoke, UK Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 3-12

Gender and health inequality in welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of twelve European countries
Bambra, C., Pope, D., Stanistreet, D., Swami, V., Kunst, A. and Scott-Samuel, A. 2007. Gender and health inequality in welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of twelve European countries. in: Mackenbach, J., Kunst, A., Stirbu, I., Roskam, A. and Schaap, M. (ed.) Tackling health inequalities In Europe: an integrated approach Rotterdam, Netherlands Erasmus Medical Centre. pp. 230-246

Estimating self, parental, and partner multiple intelligences: a replication in Malaysia
Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Kannan, K. 2006. Estimating self, parental, and partner multiple intelligences: a replication in Malaysia. Journal of Social Psychology. 146 (6), pp. 645-655.

The leg-to-body ratio as a human aesthetic criterion
Swami, V., Einon, D. and Furnham, A. 2006. The leg-to-body ratio as a human aesthetic criterion. Body Image. 3 (4), pp. 317-323.

Bipolar mood disorder secondary to mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS): a case study
Kannan, K., Tan, S.M.K., Pillai, S.K., Sinniah, D., Raymond, A.A., Hamzaini, A.H., Foong, L.S., Ismail, W.S., Ruzyanie, N. and Swami, V. 2006. Bipolar mood disorder secondary to mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS): a case study. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry. 16 (4), pp. 150-153.

Changing perceptions of attractiveness as observers are exposed to a different culture
Tovee, M.J., Swami, V., Furnham, A. and Mangalparsad, R. 2006. Changing perceptions of attractiveness as observers are exposed to a different culture. Evolution and Human Behavior. 27 (6), pp. 443-456.

The influence of body mass index on the physical attractiveness preferences of feminist and nonfeminist heterosexual women and lesbians
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2006. The influence of body mass index on the physical attractiveness preferences of feminist and nonfeminist heterosexual women and lesbians. Psychology of Women Quarterly. 30 (3), pp. 252-257.

The influence of resource availability on preferences for human body weight and non-human objects
Swami, V., Poulogianni, K. and Furnham, A. 2006. The influence of resource availability on preferences for human body weight and non-human objects. Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis. 4 (1), pp. 17-28.

Does hunger influence judgments of female physical attractiveness?
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2006. Does hunger influence judgments of female physical attractiveness? British Journal of Psychology. 97 (3), pp. 353-363.

Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio and breast size correlates of ratings of attractiveness and health
Furnham, A., Swami, V. and Shah, K. 2006. Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio and breast size correlates of ratings of attractiveness and health. Personality and Individual Differences. 41 (3), pp. 443-454.

The science of body metrics
Treleaven, P., Furnham, A. and Swami, V. 2006. The science of body metrics. The Psychologist. 19 (7), pp. 416-419.

A critical test of the waist-to-hip ratio hypothesis of women's physical attractiveness in Britain and Greece
Swami, V., Antonakopoulos, N., Tovee, M.J. and Furnham, A. 2006. A critical test of the waist-to-hip ratio hypothesis of women's physical attractiveness in Britain and Greece. Sex Roles. 54 (3-4), pp. 201-211.

The science of attraction
Swami, V. and Furnham, A. 2006. The science of attraction. The Psychologist. 19, pp. 362-365.

The influence of body weight and shape in determining female and male physical attractiveness
Swami, V. 2006. The influence of body weight and shape in determining female and male physical attractiveness. in: Ferrera, L.A. (ed.) Focus on body mass index and health research New York Nova Science Publishers. pp. 1-28

The influence of body weight and shape in determining female and male physical attractiveness
Swami, V. 2006. The influence of body weight and shape in determining female and male physical attractiveness. in: Kindes, M.V. (ed.) Body image: new research New York, USA Nova Science Publishers. pp. 35-61

Female physical attractiveness and body image disorders in Malaysia
Swami, V. 2006. Female physical attractiveness and body image disorders in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry. 14, pp. 3-7.

Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Japan: a cross-cultural study
Swami, V., Caprario, C., Tovee, M.J. and Furnham, A. 2006. Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Japan: a cross-cultural study. European Journal of Personality. 20 (1), pp. 69-81.

Male physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: a cross-cultural study
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2005. Male physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: a cross-cultural study. Body Image. 2 (4), pp. 383-393.

Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: a cross-cultural study
Swami, V. and Tovee, M.J. 2005. Female physical attractiveness in Britain and Malaysia: a cross-cultural study. Body Image. 2 (2), pp. 115-128.

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